Flashcards in PSY101 L12 Key Terms Ch 14 Deck (23):
Use of power assertion to correct the child's behavior.
Authoritarian parental style
The distress that most children develop, at about 6 to 8 months of age, when their primary caregivers temporarily leave them with strangers.
The fundamental sense of being male or female; it is independent of whether the person conforms to the social and cultural rules of the gender.
Danish-German American psychologist developed the theory that all individuals go through eight stages in their lives, with each stage characterized by a "crisis."
Erik Erikson (1902 - 1994)
The cessation of menstruation and of the production of ova; it is usually a gradual process lasting up to several years.
Bring new information into existing mental categories.
Secure, Avoidant, Anxious, Ambivalent
Kinds of attachment (Ainsworth)
Intersexed individuals who do not fit comfortably in the categories of male or female.
Change mental categories to make room for new experiences.
The process by which children learn the abilities, interests, and behaviors associated with being masculine or feminine in their culture.
Focuses on how people change and grow across the life span - physically, mentally, and socially, and how these are affected by a person's genetic predispositions.
Seeing the world from only your own point of view; the inability to take another person's perspective.
The sequential unfolding of genetically influenced behavior and physical characteristics.
Individuals who feel their sexual identity does not match their biological sex. Such as, feeling like they are male in a female body or vice versa.
Use of induction to change child's behavior by appealing to the child's good nature, empathy, love for the parent, and sense of responsibility to others, and offering explanations of rules.
Authoritative parental styles
The processes by which children learn the behaviors, attitudes, and expectations required of them by their society or culture.
The Swiss psychologist who proposed the theory of cognitive development.
Jean Piaget (1896 - 1980)
The age at which a person becomes capable of sexual reproduction.
Conditions, occurring in about one of every 2,000 births, in which chromosomal or hormonal anomalies cause a child to be born with ambiguous genitals, or genitals that conflict with the infant's chromosomes (former called hermaphroditism).
Intersex conditions (intersexuality)
The study of aging and the old.
The stages of prenatal development throughout gestation.
Germinal, embryonic, fetal stages
After the eighth week the unborn organism further develops the organs and systems initially formed during the embryonic stage.