PSY101 L12 Key Terms Ch 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSY101 L12 Key Terms Ch 14 Deck (23):
1

Use of power assertion to correct the child's behavior.

Authoritarian parental style

2

The distress that most children develop, at about 6 to 8 months of age, when their primary caregivers temporarily leave them with strangers.

Separation anxiety

3

The fundamental sense of being male or female; it is independent of whether the person conforms to the social and cultural rules of the gender.

Gender identity

4

Danish-German American psychologist developed the theory that all individuals go through eight stages in their lives, with each stage characterized by a "crisis."

Erik Erikson (1902 - 1994)

5

The cessation of menstruation and of the production of ova; it is usually a gradual process lasting up to several years.

Menopause

6

Bring new information into existing mental categories.

Assimilation

7

Secure, Avoidant, Anxious, Ambivalent

Kinds of attachment (Ainsworth)

8

Intersexed individuals who do not fit comfortably in the categories of male or female.

Transgender

9

Change mental categories to make room for new experiences.

Accommodation

10

The process by which children learn the abilities, interests, and behaviors associated with being masculine or feminine in their culture.

Gender typing

11

Focuses on how people change and grow across the life span - physically, mentally, and socially, and how these are affected by a person's genetic predispositions.

Developmental psychology

12

Seeing the world from only your own point of view; the inability to take another person's perspective.

Egocentric thinking

13

The sequential unfolding of genetically influenced behavior and physical characteristics.

Maturation

14

Individuals who feel their sexual identity does not match their biological sex. Such as, feeling like they are male in a female body or vice versa.

Transsexual

15

Use of induction to change child's behavior by appealing to the child's good nature, empathy, love for the parent, and sense of responsibility to others, and offering explanations of rules.

Authoritative parental styles

16

The processes by which children learn the behaviors, attitudes, and expectations required of them by their society or culture.

Socialization

17

The Swiss psychologist who proposed the theory of cognitive development.

Jean Piaget (1896 - 1980)

18

The age at which a person becomes capable of sexual reproduction.

Puberty

19

Conditions, occurring in about one of every 2,000 births, in which chromosomal or hormonal anomalies cause a child to be born with ambiguous genitals, or genitals that conflict with the infant's chromosomes (former called hermaphroditism).

Intersex conditions (intersexuality)

20

The study of aging and the old.

Gerontology

21

The stages of prenatal development throughout gestation.

Germinal, embryonic, fetal stages

22

After the eighth week the unborn organism further develops the organs and systems initially formed during the embryonic stage.

Fetus

23

The effects of regular alcohol consumption throughout the fetus's development; low birth weight, a smaller brain, facial deformities, lack of coordination, and mental retardation.

Fetal alcohol syndrome