Psychology: Module 1 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology: Module 1 Vocabulary Deck (34)
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1

The view that all knowledge originates from experience and that science should therefore originate from observation and experimentation

Empiricism

2

Early school of thought promoted by Wundt and tichner; used introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind

Structuralism

3

Early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by Darwin; explored how mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive and flourish

Functionalism

4

The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method

Experimental psychology

5

The view of psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studied behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists agree with (1) but not with (2)

Behaviorism

6

A historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth and potential of healthy people

Humanistic psychology

7

The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)

Cognitive neuroscience

8

The science of behavior and mental processes

Psychology

9

The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture

Nature-nurture issue

10

The principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passes on to succeeding generations

Natural selection

11

The differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomena

Levels of analysis

12

An integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis

Biopsychosocial approach

13

The scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning

Behavioral psychology

14

The scientific study of the links between biological (genes, neural, hormonal) and psychological processes

Biological psychology

15

The scientific study of all mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating

Cognitive psychology

16

The study of the evolution of behavior and mind, using principles of natural selection

Evolutionary psychology

17

A branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders

Psychodynamic psychology

18

The study of how situations and cultural science affect our behavior and thinking

Socio-cultural psychology

19

The scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits

Psychometrics

20

Pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

Basic research

21

A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social changes throughout the life span

Developmental psychology

22

The study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning

Educational psychology

23

The study of an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting

Personality psychology

24

The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another

Social psychology

25

Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

Applied research

26

The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

Industrial-organizational psychology

27

An I/O psychology subfield that explores how people and machine interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe an easy to use

Human factors psychology

28

A branch of psychology that assist people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well being

Counseling psychology

29

A branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders

Clinical psychology

30

A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders, practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (ex: drugs) treatments as well as psychological therapy

Psychiatry