Module 25 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Module 25 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 25 Vocabulary Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1

: continued substance caring and use despite significant Life disruption and/or physical risk

Substance use disorder

2

: a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods

Psychoactive drug

3

: the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of aa drug, requiring the user to take lager doses before experiencing the drug’s effect

Tolerance

4

: compulsive craving of drugs or certain behaviors (ugh as gambling) despite known adverse consequences

Addiction

5

: the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing an addictive drug or behavior

Withdrawal

6

: drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce natural activity and slow body functions

Depressants

7

: (popularly known as alcoholism) alcohol use marked by tolerance, withdrawal, and a desire to continue problematic use.

Alcohol use disorder

8

: drugs that depress central nervous system activity, reducing anxiety but impairing judgement and memory

Barbiturates

9

: opium and its derivatives such as morphine and heroine; they depress neural activity temporarily lessening pain and anxiety

Opiates

10

: drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, ecstasy, and methamphetamine) that excite neural activity and speed up the body functions

Stimulants

11

: drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes

Amphetamines

12

: A stimulating and highly addictive psychoactive drug in tobacco

Nicotine

13

: a powerful and addictive stimulate, derived from the coca plant, producing temporarily increased alertness and ephoria

Cocaine

14

: a powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels

Methamphetamine

15

: a synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen. Produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short term health risks and long term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition

Ecstasy (MDMA)

16

: psychedelic (“mind-manifesting”) drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input

Hallucinogens

17

: a powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid

LSD

18

: an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as cardiac arrest) often similar to drug induced hallucinations

Near death experience

19

: the major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects, including mind hallucinations

THC

20

Dreams provide a "psychic safety valve"- expressing otherwise unacceptable feelings; contain manifest (remembered) content and a. Deeper layer of latent content- a hidden meaning
Criticisms:
Lacks scientific support; dreams may be interpreted in many different ways

Freud's wish-fulfillment

21

Dreams help us sort out the days evente and consolidate our memories
Criticisms:
By why do we sometime dream about things we have not yet experienced?

Information-processing

22

Regular brain stimulation from R.E.M. Sleep may help develop and preserve neural pathways
Criticisms:
This does not explain why we experience meaningful dreams

Physiological function

23

R.E.M. sleep triggers neural activity that evokes random visual memories which our sleeping brain weaves into stories
Criticisms:
The individuals brain is weaving the stories, which still tells us something about the dreamer

Neural activation

24

Dream content reflects dreamers cognitive development- their knowledge and understanding
Criticisms:
Does not address the neuroscience of dreams

Cognitive development

25

Depressant
Effects: Initial high followed by relaxation and disinhibition
Depression, memory loss, organ damage, impaired reactions

Alcohol

26

Depressant
Effects: rush of euphoria, relief from pain, depresses physiology, agonizing withdrawal

Heroin

27

Stimulant
Effects: increased alertness and wakefulness, anxiety, restlessness, and insomnia in high doses, uncomfortable withdrawal

Caffeine

28

Stimulant
Effects: Euphoria, alertness, energy, irritability, insomnia, hypertension, seizures

Meth

29

Stimulant
Effects: rush of euphoria, confidence, energy, cardiovascular stress, suspiciousness, depressive crash

Cocaine

30

Stimulant
Effects: arousal and relaxation, sense of well-being, heart disease, cancer

Nicotine