Flashcards in Modules 11 & 12 Deck (25)
: tissue destruction. A brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity sweeping across the brain’s surface. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp
: a series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice of the brain’s structure
CT (computed tomography) scan
: a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task
PET (positron emission tomography) scan
a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue. These scans show brain anatomy.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging):
: a technique for revealing blood flow, and therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. These scans show brain function as well as its structure
fMRI (functional MRI)
: the oldest part central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; this is responsible for automatic survival functions
: the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
: the brain’s sensory control center, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
: a nerve network that travels through the brainstem and thalamus and plays an important role in controlling arousal
: the “little brain” and the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input, coordinating movement output and balance, and enabling nonverbal learning and memory.
: neutral system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemisphere; associated with emotions and drive
: two Lima-bean-sized neutral clusters in the lambic system; linked to emotion.
a neutral structure lying below (hypo) the thalamus, it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature) helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward.
: the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body’s ultimate control and information-processing center
: cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons; they may also pay a role in learning and thinking.
: portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movement and in making plans and judgements
: portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.
: portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the head; including areas that receive information from the visual fields
: portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; including the auditory areas, each receiving information primarily from the opposite ear
: an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements
: area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
: areas of the cerebral cortex that are mot involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking
:the brains about to change, especially during childhood, by recognizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience