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Flashcards in Modules 70 & 71 Deck (24)
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: treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth.



: Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences—and the therapist's interpretations of them—released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.



: in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material



: in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.



: in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).



: therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight.

Psychodynamic therapy


: a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses.

Insight therapies


: a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth. (Also called person-centered therapy.

Client-centered therapy


: giving the speaker empathic attention by echoing, restating, and clarifying what the speaker said so he/she know you were paying attention. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy

Active listening


: a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance.

Unconditional positive regard


: therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted actions/responses

Behavior therapy


: a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning.



: behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid

Exposure therapies


: a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias

Systematic desensitization


: An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.

Virtual reality exposure therapy


: a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol).

Aversive conditioning


: an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.

Token economy


: therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions

Cognitive therapy


: a popular integrative therapy that combines changing self-defeating thinking with changing actions/responses.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)


: Group therapy is a form of psychotherapy that involves one or more therapists working with several people at the same time. This type of therapy is widely available at a variety of locations including private therapeutic practices, hospitals, mental

Group therapy


: therapy that treats those living with the individual being treated for a disorder as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, those with whom they live.

Family therapy


a comprehensive, active-directive, philosophically and empirically based psychotherapy which focuses on resolving emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and enabling people to lead happier and more ...

Rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT)


therapeutic approach that incorporates a variety of therapeutic principles and philosophies in order to create the ideal treatment program to meet the specific needs of the patient or client.

Eclectic approach


focuses on treating and reworking the brain. It falls under the branch of mental health, which is an often stigmatized topic. This kind of therapies are meant to help patients with physiological symptoms and psychological disorders by using drugs, electroconvulsive treatment, and psychosurgery.

Biomedical therapy