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Flashcards in Reproductive Deck (74):
1

name of first arch syndrome

treacher collins syndrome

2

which pouches in diGeorge syndrome

3rd and 4th pouches

3

male is a meso-

wolf

4

female is a para-

mulla

5

lady makes

testosterone

6

sertoli makes

MIF, inhibin, androgen binding protein

7

5a reductase converts

testosterone to DHT

8

hypo and epi spadiasis

hypo : urethral folds fail to fuse
epi: faulty positioning of genital tubercle

9

clomiphene citrate and risk of ovarian ca

increases

10

clomiphene MOA

antagonist of estrogen receptors in hypothalamus

11

tamoxifen vs. raloxifene

tamoxifen agonist at uterus (increase ca risk)

12

tamoxifen and raloxifene indications

tam for breast ca and ral for osteoporosis

13

finasteride MOA

5a reductase inhibitor

14

bhCG changes in pregnancy

double every 1.5 to 2 days (6-7 wk)

15

VACTERAL defect which derm

mesoderm

16

fetal hydantoin syndrome

cleft palate, heart defect

17

abruptio placenta which street drug

cocaine

18

SE of smoking on preg

IUGR

19

preg defect in DM

caudal regression syndrome

20

features of fetal alcohol syndrome

smooth philtrum, hypertelorism, heart lung fistula, holoprosencephaly

21

vitteline and allantoic duct

vitelline: yolk sac to intestine (aka omphalo-mesenteric)
allantoic: yolk sac to bladder (aka urachus)
food is vital

22

2nd arch issue

congenital pharyngo-cutaneous fistula

23

cleft lip vs palate

lip: medial nasal process and maxillary
palate: lateral palatine process

24

remnant of mesonephric duct

gartner's duct

25

mullerian agenesis is associated with

renal defect

26

external genitalia and prostate which hormone

DHT

27

uretral damage in pelvic # vs straddle

membranous (fracture) vs. penile

28

pudental block root

s2-s4

29

for treating infertility, menotropin (FSH) followed by

beta hCG (mimic LH surge)

30

menopause lab finding

decreased estrogen (estrone nl)
Increased androgen, FSH, L, GnRH

31

Balding and BPH which hormone

DHT

32

Klinefilter syndrome is like ....

testicular failure (estrogen is high)

33

Turner: can be pregnant with

oocyte donation

34

maternal virilization

aromatase def

35

complete mole due to

complete paternal origin

36

hyperemesis and pre-eclampsia which mole

complete

37

triad of pre-eclampsia

HTN proteinuria edema

38

complication of HELLP

hepatic subcapsular hematoma

39

painful bleeding

abruption (previa is painless)

40

worse prognosis gynaec tumor

ovarian (then cervical)

41

basic pathology of PCOS

insulin resistance leading to increased FSH and LH
And then increased androgen

42

PCOS risk

endometrial ca

43

Rx for PCOS

weight reduction and OCP
Clomiphene if want to conceive

44

follicular cyst vs theca lutein cyst

follicular (single most common)
theca lutein (B/L multiple)

45

ovarian tumor: principles

ovulation not good
OCP, preg, lactation: good
clomiphene, nulliparity: bad

46

dermoid cyst as

mature cystic teratoma

47

brenner tumor looks like

bladder

48

fibroma of ovary think about

meig syndrome and pulling sensation

49

MC uterine malposition

retroversion

50

MC stromal tumor and its risk

granulosa cell tumor
produces estrogen and risk of endometrial ca

51

mucinous cystdeno ca can cause

pseudomyxoma peritonei

52

dysgerminona is the female equi of

seminoma

53

in chorio ca, chorionic villi are

absent

54

other name for yolk sac tumor

endodermal sinus tumor

55

MC tumor in male infant

yolk sac tumor

56

symptom of fibroid

abn bleeding

57

endometritis Rx

gentamicin and clindamycin

58

Obesity risk of tumor

endometrial (androgen to estorgen in fat)

59

two tumors from breast stroma

fibroadenoma and phylloides tumor

60

lactational mastitis cause and Rx

aureus, dicloxacillin

61

gynecomastia causing drugs

ketoconazole, spironolcatone, cimetidine

62

yolk sac tumor marker

increased AFP

63

advantage of seminoma

excellent prognosis radio-sensitive

64

painful scrotal tumor

embryonal ca (hemarrhagic mass with necrosis)

65

seminoma marker

placental ALP

66

MC testicular cancer in older patients

testicular lymphoma

67

BPH vs tumor CC

BPH free PSA increased
tumor total increased but free decreased
Tumor prostatic acid phosphatase increased

68

two types of drugs for BPH

a1 antagonist terazocin and tamsulosin
5a reductase inhibitor finasteride

69

clomiphene MOA

block estrogen receptor in HT and break negative feedback

70

mifepristone (RU-486) MOA

progesterone antagonist

71

two beta agonist to prevent labor

terbutaline and ritodrine

72

danazol MOA and indication

partial androgen agonist
endometriosis (causes hirsuitism)

73

flutamide for prostate ca is given with

leuprolide

74

minoxidil MOA

direct arteriololar vasodilator