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Flashcards in GIT Deck (118):
1

Hepato duodenal ligament

Hepatic A portal V CBD ( hepatic vein missing) pringle maneuver

2

Pancreatic cholera

VIPoma
Watery
Diarrhea
Hypokalemia
Achlorhydria
Syndrome

3

VIPoma from

Pancreatic islet

4

Jejunal ulcers

Gastrinoma (ZE syndrome)

5

Corkscrew esophagus

Diffuse esophageal spasm

6

Plummer winson syndrome risk

Squamous cell carcinoma

7

Which ulcer has ca risk

Gastric

8

Celiac disease

Gluten sensitive enteropathy

9

Whipple disease code

FOAMY WHIPPed cream in a CAN

10

Meckels diverticulum

Vitelline duct (omphalomesenteric duct)

11

Hirschprungs disease always involve

Rectum

12

Crohns dis mostly involve

Terminal ileum

13

Ulcerative colitis always involve

Rectum

14

Lynch syndrome

HNPCC

15

Lynch syndrome due to

Mutation of DNA mismatch repair gene

16

eg. of motilin receptor agonist

eryhtromycin

17

another name for papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosus

warthin tumor (have germinal centers)

18

malignant tumour of salivary gland

mucoepidermoid ca (pleomorphic is benign)

19

mallory weiss vs. boerhaave

m for mucosal
boerhaave is transmural

20

budd chiari syndrome which vein

hepatic

21

onion skin bile duct fibrosis

primary sclerosing cholangitis (ulcerative colitis, c-ANCA)

22

trousea syndrome

migratory thrombophlebitis seen in pancreatic adeno ca

23

indication of sulfasalazine

IBD

24

cardiac use of misoprostol

maintain PDA

25

duodenal atresia seen in

down syndrome

26

apple peel atresia is a

vascular accident

27

caecum in RUQ

midgut volvulus
SMA involved- ladds bands

28

most common TEF

distal

29

failure to pass NG tube but air in CXR

TEF

30

2 points for gastrohepatic ligament

contain gastric arteries
can be cut to access lesser sac

31

erosions are limited to

mucosa (eroad superficial)

32

kehr sign

left shoulder pain in splenic infarct

33

short gastric vein

no anastomatosis

34

trichrome stain for

kupffer cells

35

centrilobular necrosis- drugs

CCL4, halothane, rifampicin, bromo benzene

36

bladder and peritoneum

bladder is extraperitoneal

37

inguinal hernia repair which nerve damage

ilioinguinal nerve

38

gastrin increased in

chronic atrophic gastritis by pylori
ZE syndrome
chronic PPI use

39

newborn erythromycin for reflux

motilin agonist for peristalsis

40

VIPoma treatment and location

somatostatin and pancreas (non a non b)

41

pancreatic cholera

VIPoma, WDHA syndrome

42

4 tumors of pancreas

insulin, glucagon, VIP, gastrinoma, ZE syndrome

43

3 imp acid stimulators

Ach, gastrin, histamine

44

pleomorphic adenoma

benign, recurrence

45

Warthin tumor (PCL)

papillary cystaenoma lymphomatosis
benign, cystic,germinal center

46

malignant tumor of salivary gland

mucoepidermoid carcinoma

47

achalasia which plexus and risk

myenteric (auerabch)
squamous cell ca

48

Boerheave is mallory

boer strong, mallory for mucosal

49

eosinophilic esophagitis seen in

atopic patients

50

punched out lesions

HSV

51

esophagus pathology in CREST

fibrous displacement of muscularis layer

52

Barret esophagus what epithelium

intestinal

53

adenoca of esophagus

barret, GERD, fat, cigarette (both)

54

menetrier disease

brain gyri in stomach

55

signet cells are seen in

linitus plasticus

56

hypertrophy of brunner gland

duodenal ulcer

57

ZE syndrome which ulcer

Duodenal

58

celiac disease antibodies

endomyseal, tissue transglutaminase, gliadin, gluten

59

lactic intolerance vs celiac disease

normal vs blunting of villi

60

celiac disease similar disease

tropical sprue

61

oxalate and bile stones in crohns

bile acid more- bind to calcium- oxalate absorbed and form stones
cholesterol more- bile stones

62

crypt abscess and ulcer

UC (ulcerative colitis)

63

cobble stone

crohns disease

64

priamry sclerosing cholangitis and IBD

UC

65

treatment for UC

5 aminosalicylic acid (mesalamine)

66

treatment for irritable BD

loperamide

67

psoas sign (flexion of hip against resistance)

retrocecal appendix

68

red diarrhea and IBD

UC (crohn is pain)

69

meckel diverticulum which duct

vitelline duct (omphalomesenteric duct)

70

pain after food

gal bladder, stomach, chronic mesenteric ischemia

71

which plexus for hirschsprung

both (submucosa for diagnosis), failure of neural creast

72

syndrome and give association with hirschsprung

down and RET

73

abdominal pain out of proportion of physical finding

acute mesenteric ischaemia

74

tortous dilation of blood vessels in intestine

angiodysplasia

75

duodenal atresia associated with

down sundrome (double bubble)

76

meconium ileus associated with

CF

77

pneumatosis intestinalis in newborn

necrotising enterocolitis

78

harmless polyps

hyperplastic and hamartomatous

79

Classify polyp syndrome

1, FAP,gardner, turcot
2, peutz jeghers,juvenile polyposis

80

gardener sydnrome

bone and teeth

81

turcot sydnrome

brain

82

peutz jeghers and juvenile polyposis

hamartamatous

83

inheritance of lynch

AD

84

iron def anemia which colon cancer

ascending colon

85

most specific amrker of acute pancreatitis

lipase (amylase not so specific)

86

cholestasis specific marker

gamma GTrans peptidase

87

treatment for cirrhosis ascites

salt restriction, furosemide and sprinolactone

88

ppting factors for hepatic encephalopathy

hypokalemia, alkalosis, hypovolemia (diuretic induced)

89

non alcoholic fatty liver

metabolic syndrome

90

lactulose MOA

reduce pH,NH3 becomes NH4

91

monitor cirrhosis patients with

AFP

92

3 things about cavernous hemangioma

congenital malformation, ectasia, no biopsy

93

hepatic adenoma

OCP

94

hepatic A, hepatic vein, portal vein

hepatic art- post transplantation
hepatic vein- budd chiari (centrilobular)
portal vein- portal HTN, ascites

95

cirrhosis with PAS positive globules

a1 antitrypsin def

96

baby with direct hyperbilirubinemia

neonatal hepatitis or extrahepatic biliary atresia

97

treatment for type 2 criggler najar

phenobarbitone Iess severe

98

wilson disease most imp

low ceruloplasmin

99

wilson disease extra hepatic problems

hemolytic anemia
basal ganglia degeneration (parkinson)

100

wilson disease treatment

penicillamine, trientine

101

primary biliary cirrosis, which ab

anti mitochondrial

102

primary sclerosing cholangitis

onion skin and beading
Hyper IgM, CANCA +

103

opiod analgesics for pain

meperidine (not morphine)

104

2 rare causes of cholecystitis

infections with CMV, ischaemia in hospitalized patients

105

marker of pancreatic cancer

c19-9 (15-19-125)

106

trousseau syndrome

migratory thrombophlebitis in pancreatic ca

107

retroperitoneal hematoma in stable patient cause

pancreatic injury

108

cimetidine 2 side effects

inhibit P450, anti androgenic

109

PPI SE

c difficile, low Mg, pneumonia

110

ulcer base drugs

bismuth and sucralfate

111

treatment for carcinoid tumor

octreotide

112

SE of all antacids

hypokalemia

113

sulfasalazine indication and SE

IBD, reversible oligospermia,
antibacterial and anti inflammatory

114

treatment for travellers diarrhea

ondansetron (side effect)

115

orlistat MOA

lipase inhibitor

116

pyoderma gangrenosum seen in

IBD

117

toxic megacolon investigation

X ray plain (others CI)

118

hyperemesis gravidarum

promethazine