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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (41):
1

Rx for pulmonary AH

bosentan

2

Bosentan MOA

competitive antagonist of endothelin-1 receptor

3

Methacholine vs

ipratropium (M3 receptor blocker)

4

thoracocentesis rules

above 7, 9, 11

5

cyanosis, chocolate colored blood, dusky skin

methhemoglobinema

6

cyanosis happens when deoxy Hb is

mt 5g/dl

7

normal A-a gradient

10-15 mm Hg

8

conditions of hypoxemia with nl A-a gradient

alveolar hypoventillation (high altitude and opioid use)

9

life threating epistaxis which A

sphenopalatine A (branch of maxillary)

10

lines of Zahn is seen if thrombi are formed ....

before death

11

pulmonary emboli blood picture

resp alkalosis
Increased pH
Decreased PO2 and PCO2

12

mech of rash in fat emboli

thrombocytopenia leading to petcheial rash

13

obstructive characteristic

decreased FEV1/FVC ratio

14

4 drugs causing restrictive lung disease

bleomycin, busulfan, amiodarone and MTX

15

reticulo nodular opacitiy in CXR

interstitial lung disease (honey coomb lung )

16

only one body in pneumoconiosis

asbestos body (ferruginous) golden brown looks like dumbells

17

pathognomonic of asbestosis

pleural plaques

18

berylliosis

airplane granuloma

19

coal worker

black lung

20

Berryliosis risk

TB and Cancer

21

lobe predilection for pneumoconiosis

asbestosis - lower lobe (all else upper lobe)

22

gold std for asbestosis

EM (asbestosis fibres)

23

acid base in neonatal RDS

metabolic acidosis

24

in obesity, even at walking hours, PaCO2 is ....

increased (retention)

25

Rx for idiopathic PAH

bosentan (endothelin receptor antagonist)
Lung transplantation

26

extended consumption of fenfluramine is associated with

PAH

27

fremitus increased only in

consolidation

28

secondary spont pneumothorax due to

diseased lung or mech vn

29

cold agglutinin pneumonia

mycoplasma

30

lung abscess rx

clindamycin

31

paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration

small cell ca

32

squamous and small cell ca are

central and smokers

33

Rx for small lung ca

chemotherapy (always)

34

mucin + lung ca

adenoca (copious secretion)

35

ca of non-smokers

adenoca (MC ovaerall)

36

large cell ca secrete

beta hCG (large breast and galactorrhoea)

37

2nd gen anti-histamine cause less sedation because

don't cross BBB

38

mucous thinners

quaifenesin & NAC

39

omalizumab receptor

IgE

40

toxicity of theophylline and Rx

cardio and neuro (give beta blockers)

41

bronchiolitis obliterans

c/c transplant rejection