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Flashcards in Classical presentations Deck (34):
1

abdominal pain, ascites, hepatosplenomegaly

budd-chiari syndrome (post hepatic venous thromobosis)

2

abdominal pain, diarrhoea, leukocytosis, recent antibiotic use

C. difficile infection

3

achilles tendon xanthoma

familal hypercholesterolemia

4

adrenal hemarrhage, hypotension, DIC

water house frederickson syndrome (meningococcemia)

5

anaphylaxis following blood transfusion

IgA deficeincy

6

Anterior drawer sign

anterior cruciate ligament

7

arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints

marfan syndrome (fibrillin defect)

8

athlete with polycythemia

2o to erythropoetin injection

9

back pain, fever, night sweats

potts disease

10

bilateral acoustic schanommas

Neurofibromatosis type 2

11

bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis

sarcoidosis

12

black eschar on face on patients with DKA

mucor or rhizopus

13

blue sclera

osteogenesis imperfecta (type 1 collagen defect)

14

bluish line on gingiva

burton line (lead poisoning)

15

bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis

pagets disease of the bone (increased osteoblatic and osteoclastic activity)

16

cafe-au-lait spots, lisch nodules (iris hamartoma) cuaneous neurofibroma, pheochromocytoma, optic gliomas

neufibromatosis type 1, pheochromocytoma, optic glioma

17

cafe-au-lait spots (unilateral), poly ostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, multiple endocrine abnormalities

Mc-Cune albright syndrome (mosaic G-protein signaling mutation)

18

calf pseudohypertrophy

muscular dystropy (most commonly duchene)

19

MM of duchene

x-linked recessive frameshift mutation of dysrophin gene)

20

MM of Mc-Cune albright syndrome

mosaic G-protein signaling mutation

21

cervical lymphadenopathy, desqamating rash, coronory aneurisms, red conjucive and toungue

kawasaki disease (treat with IVIG and aspirin)

22

cherry red spots on macula

tay sachs disease or Nieman pick disease, central retinal artery occlusion

23

MM of tay sachs disease

ganglioside accumulation

24

MM of Nieman pick disease

sphingomyelin accumulation

25

chest pain, pericardia effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI

Dressler syndrome (auto-immune medited post-MI fibrinous pericarditis, 2-12 weeks after acute episode)

26

chest pain with ST depression on EKG

unstable angina (troponin -) or NSTEMI (troponins+)

27

child use arms to stand up from sqat

gowers sign (duchenne MD)

28

child with fever later develop red rash on face that spread to the body

slapped cheeks (erythema infectiosum/fifth disease; parvovirus B19)

29

chorea, dementia, caudate degeneration

huntingtons disease (autosomal dominant CAG repetiion)

30

chorioretinits, hydrocephalus, intracranial calcifications

congenital toxoplasmosis

31

Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria

McArdles disease

32

MM of McArdle's disease

sk. mm. glycogen phosphorylase def

33

cold intolerance

hypothyroidism

34

conjugate horizontal gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia

internulear ophalmoplegia (damage to MLF may be unilateral or bilateral)