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Pharmacology > Respiratory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (10):
1

Dextromethorphan

congener narcotic; antitussive (central)

2

Codeine

antitussive (central), analgesic (painful cough), constipation common

3

Demulcents (anasthetic)

Lidocaine, benzocaine, hexylcaine hydrochloride, tetracaine (used before bronchoscopy)

4

Cromolyn & Nedocomil

Inhibits mast cell degranulation; (delayed Cl channel inhibitor); Prophylactic treatment; does not reverse bronchospasm; topically or inhalation of microfine powder

5

Methylxanthines (theophylline)

PDEi; CNS; nervousness and tremor; +ionotropic and chronotropic; GI secretion and stimulation; diuretic

6

Sympathomimetic

Albuterol; metoproterenol; terbutaline; pirbuterol; salmeterol (LBA)

7

Ipratropium/tiotropium

Muscarinic antagonist (inhaled, delayed response but long lasting effects)/longer lasting (24h); Both used primarily for COPD

8

Coritcosteroids

Beclomethasone, triamcinolone, fluticasone (AE, thrush)

9

Zileuton/zafirlukast

5-LOXi/LTD4 receptor blocker

10

Omalizumab

IgE antibody receptor blocker