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Flashcards in Scientific Method Deck (8)
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Inductive Reasoning

Specific observations are used to reach a general explanation. "discovery science"

1

Deductive Reasoning

General explanations are applied to specific instances. "hypothesis-driven science"

2

Scientific Method

Observations - Questions - Hypothesis - Prediction - Test: Experiment

3

Scientific Hypothesis

A proposed explanation for one or more observations.

4

A hypothesis must be "testable." Explain.

Testable means able to be evaluated via experiments that others can repeat.

5

A hypothesis must be falsifiable. Explain.

One must be able to prove the hypothesis false (this does not mean the hypothesis is false; rather, it means that if it is false, then this can be shown through observation or experiments).

6

Research designs need what group types?

Control and treatment

7

Null Hypothesis

The assumption that the difference between the control and treatment groups in an experiment is initially zero.