Sexually Transmitted Diseases Flashcards Preview

Biology > Sexually Transmitted Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sexually Transmitted Diseases Deck (49)
Loading flashcards...
0

How can viral diseases be treated?

Viral diseases cannot be treated with antibiotics, but there are some antivirals that may help.

1

How can bacterial diseases be treated?

Bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics.

2

Name four STDs that are viral diseases.

HIV
HPV
Genital herpes
Hepatitis

3

What does HIV cause?

HIV causes AIDS, the last stage of an HIV infection.

4

What is AIDS characterized by?

AIDS is characterized by a low helper T cell count and in which the immune system is compromised, leading to a suite of opportunistic infections.

5

HAART

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. This is the treatment for HIV that can limit HIV replication, but it is not a cure.

6

What does HPV stand for?

HPV stands for the human papillomaviruses.

7

How can HPV be transmitted?

HPV can be transmitted through skin to skin contact. It is very easy to transmit.

8

What are the symptoms of HPV?

Most people do not actually have symptoms. The symptoms that are occasionally seen, though, are warts and flat lesions, most often on the penis or opening to the vagina.

9

What is HPV associated with?

Certain types of HPV are associated with cervical cancer - up to 90% of cases - but are also associated with penile and anal cancers.

10

Why was the HPV vaccine developed?

The HPV vaccine was developed to help prevent cervical cancer?

11

How is HPV most often found?

HPV is most often found through regular pap smear screening in women.

12

What is caused by the herpes simplex virus?

Herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).

13

Where is herpes type 1 normally found?

Herpes type 1 is usually found above the waist.

14

Where is herpes type 2 usually found?

Herpes type 2 is usually found below the waist (genital herpes).

15

How is herpes transmitted?

Herpes is transmitted through skin to skin contact and secretions. It can also be transmitted to a baby during birth.

16

Are there always symptoms when herpes is transmitted?

Symptoms are not always present when herpes is transmitted.

17

What are some symptoms of herpes?

One symptom of herpes is that one usually has painful ulcers periodically in the same places each time.

18

What can trigger outbreaks of herpes?

Outbreaks of herpes can be triggered by stress, sunlight, fever, and lack of sleep. All of these reactivate the virus.

19

Is there a cure to herpes?

No, there is not a cure for herpes, but there are drugs that can keep outbreaks to a minimum or stop them entirely.

20

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an infection of the liver by one of 6 viruses - Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, G.

21

What is the most commonly sexually transmitted hepatitis virus?

Hepatitis B is the most common sexually transmitted hepatitis.

22

How is hepatitis transmitted?

Hepatitis is transmitted through sexual contact and by contaminated blood.

23

What is one negative consequence of Hepatitis B?

One negative consequence of Hepatitis B is that it can lead to liver failure.

24

What Hepatitis viruses have vaccines available?

Vaccines are available for Hepatitis A and B.

25

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a very common bacterial infection in men and women.

26

What are the male symptoms of chlamydia?

The male symptoms of chlamydia is burning during urination and a mucoid discharge.

27

What are the female symptoms of chlamydia?

The female symptoms of chlamydia are vaginal discharge and symptoms of a urinal tract infection.

28

Do symptoms appear for chlamydia right away?

No, not normally. Some men and most women do not have symptoms (18-21 days after exposure).

29

What can be the effect if chlamydia reaches the uterus, oviducts, and ovaries?

Chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and sterility if it reaches the uterus, oviducts, and ovaries.

30

What can chlamydia cause?

Chlamydia can cause conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) and result in blindness, as well as pelvic inflammatory disease and sterility if it reaches the uterus, oviducts, and ovaries.

31

Can chlamydia be transmitted to a baby?

Yes, chlamydia can be transmitted to a baby during birth. It causes inflammation of the eyes and/or pneumonia.

32

Gonorrhea

A common bacterial infection in men and women.

33

What are male symptoms of gonorrhea, and when do they appear?

Male symptoms of gonorrhea appear 3-5 days after contact, and include pain during urination and a thick, greenish yellow penile discharge.

34

What are the female symptoms of gonorrhea?

It is uncommon, but females will occasionally have a vaginal discharge.

35

What can gonorrhea lead to? What negative effects?

Gonorrhea can lead to PID and sterility in men and women.

36

What is perhaps the largest concern about gonorrhea today?

Resistance to antibiotics is the biggest concern with gonorrhea today.

37

Can gonorrhea be contracted by a baby?

Yes, gonorrhea can be contracted by a baby during birth, leading to an eye infection and even blindness.

38

Syphilis

A bacterial infection with 3 stages.

39

When does the first stage of syphilis normally appear?

The first stage of syphilis normally appears 1-8 weeks after infection.

40

Stage 1 of Syphilis

Stage 1 of syphilis is a hard chancre at the site of infection.

41

When does the second stage of syphilis usually appear?

The second stage of syphilis usually appears 3-4 months after infection.

42

Stage 2 of Syphilis

Stage 2 of syphilis consists of a nonitchy rash, even found on the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands; may also see hair loss and gray patches on mucous membranes.

43

When does the third stage of syphilis usually appear?

The third stage of syphilis usually appears 5-20 years after infection and continues until death.

44

Stage 3 of Syphilis

Stage 3 of syphilis affects the cardiovascular and/or nervous systems. Gummas (large ulcers) can develop on the skin and internal organs.

45

What makes syphilis hard to diagnose?

The fact that the three stages of syphilis are separated by latent periods makes the stages hard to link together and thus the disease hard to diagnose.

46

Can syphilis affect a child?

Yes, syphilis can cross the placenta and affect the fetus in a mother.

47

Bacterial Vaginosis

A bacterial infection caused by a disruption of the normal flora in the vagina, leading to an overgrowth of certain bacteria. It accounts for 50% of vaginitis in American women.

48

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is caused by a protozoan, and it can cause a frothy discharge, a foul smell, and itching. It is a common cause of vaginitis.