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Flashcards in Seizure Syndrome Deck (34)
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1

Paroxistic exacerbation of a specific cortical function:

Seizure

2

Paroxistic Motor Exacerbation:

Convulsion

3

Neurological disorder characterized by 2+ spontaneous seizures over 24h range:

Epilepsy

4

Post-crisis period characterized by dysfunction of the cerebral area affected:

Post-ictal State

5

Seizure associated to infection, metabolic, electrolytes, intoxication, abstinence and Stroke:

Secondary Seizure

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Seizure initiated in childhood and with familiar cases:

Primary Seizure

7

Trigger factors:

Light stimulation, Hyperventilation and Sleep deprivation

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Most common Seizure Syndrome:

Febrile Convulsion

9

Epileptic crisis associated to fever, without intracranial infection or a defined neurologic cause:

Febrile Convulsion

10

Fever + Unique/isolated generalized tonic-clonic seizure for 5min:

Simple Febrile Convulsion

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Fever + Focal crisis and/or +15min and/or recurrent in less than 24h and/or with post-ictal neurologic manifestations:

Complex Febrile Convulsion

12

Indications of Lumbar puncture in Febrile Convulsion:

Age -2 months

13

Treatment of Febrile Convulsion:

Diazepam 0,3mg/kg/dose EV, pure and slowly

14

Seizure initiated in age 4-13 years old:

Benign Rolandic Epilepsy of Childhood

15

Prognostic of the Benign Rolandic Epilepsy of Childhood:

Disappear in adulthood

16

Absence Seizures in childhood:

Petit Mal Seizure

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Petit Mal Seizure association with Grand Mal Seizure:

30-50% of cases

18

Generalized tonic-clonic seizure that are not preceded by partial crisis:

Grand Mal Seizure

19

Slow spike-wave complexes in 3Hz frequency:

Petit Mal Seizure

20

Myoclonic crisis in the morning in age 8-20 years old:

Myoclonic Juvenile Epilepsy

21

Brief Post-ictal state:

-30min

22

Prolonged Post-ictal state:

+30min

23

Example of a Cryptogenic Epilepsy:

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

24

Epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis:

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

25

Most Common Seizure Syndrome in adults (40%):

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

26

Mixed seizures with mental retardation and childhood encephalopathy:

Lennox-Gestaut Syndrome

27

Indications of cranial CT scan and MRI in adults:

Always

28

Petit Mal Seizure Treatment:

Etossuximida ou Valproato

29

Petit Mal Seizure + Grand Mal Seizure Treatment:

Valproato

30

Grand Mal Seizure Treatment:

Carbamazepina ou Valproato

31

Seizure caused by an identified cause:

Acute Symptomatic Seizure

32

One or more seizures that occur in 24h:

Single Crisis (Isolated)

33

Age most affected by Epilepsy:

First year of life or after 70 years old

34

Classification of Epilepsy:

Focal and Generalized