Session 7 - Diuretics Flashcards Preview

Semester 3 - Urinary > Session 7 - Diuretics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Session 7 - Diuretics Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
31

What is pulmonary oedema treated with?

• Loop diuretics

32

What is hypertension treated with?

• Thiazide diuretics
• Spironolactone in primary hyperaldosteronism (Conn's syndrome)

33

How is hypercalcaemia treated?

• Loop diuretics promote Ca2+ excretion in loop of henle

34

Give three substances with diuretic actions

• Alcohol - Inhibits ADH release
• Coffee - Increased GFR, decreased Na+ reabsorption
• Lithium - Inhibits ADH action on collection ducts

35

What is diuresis expressed as in the form of a symptom?

• Polyuria

36

Give four causes of polyuria that are non drink related

• Diabetes mellitus
○ Glucose in filtrate -> Osmotic diuresis
• Central diabetes insipidus
○ Decreased ADH release from posterior pituitary -> Diuresis
• Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
○ Poor response of collecting ducts to ADH -> Diuresis
• Psychogenic polydypsia
○ Increased intake of fluid