Flashcards in Stalin's Rise to Power Deck (22):
What was Stalin's main role under Lenin?
Commissar for Nationalities
What did Lenin's testament claim about Stalin?
- urged members to think about how to remove Stalin from the position of General Secretary
- commented on his rudeness
Why did Lenin and Stalin fallout?
Due to Stalin's comments to Lenin's wife
What were Stalin's previous appointments in the party and government?
- People's Commissar for Nationalities (1917)
- Liaison Officer between Politburo and Orgburo (1919)
- Head of the Workers' and Peasants' Inspectorate (1919)
- General Secretary of the Communist Party (1922)
How did Stalin place his own supporters in key positions?
Had the power of patronage = could appoint inmdidivudal to official posts in the party and government
How did the Lenin enrolment benefit Stalin?
Added to his growing power of patronage
- provided him with a reliable body of votes in the various party committees at local and central level
Why did Kamenev, Zinoviev and Stalin form an unofficial triumvirate?
Their aim was to isolate Trotsky by exploiting his unpopularity with large sections of the party
What did Trotsky define the NEP as?
The first sign of the degeneration of Bolshevism
Who are the left and right communists?
Left = wanted to abandon NEP
Right = wanted to continue NEP
What was Gosplan?
The government body responsible for national economic planning
How did Stalin undermine Lenin?
Tried to show that he never truly supported Lenin:
- his attitude to the NEP
- not attending his funeral
- criticism of Gosplan
What was seen as the only solution to begin the process of modernisation?
To persuade/force the peasants to producing a food surplus which could then be sold abroad to raise capital for industrial investment
What was Trotsky's belief in 'Permanent Revolution'?
- Revolution was a permanent process in which rising took place from country to country
- worldwide revolution
= thought the USSR could not survive against 'conservative Europe'
What was Stalin's belief in 'Socialism in One Country'?
- nations first task was to consolidate Lenin's revolution
- overcome the agricultural and industrial problems in Russia
- build a modern state
What happened at the vote against Trotsky in 1925?
Lost his seat as Commissar for War
Who did Stalin turn against once Trotsky had been weakened?
Zinoviev and Kamenev
Who was the United Opposition?
The group led by Kamenev and Zinoviev who called for an end to NEP and the adoption of a rapid industrialisation programme
Why did Stalin win against Trotsky?
Due to his grip on the party machine
Why did Stalin move against the Right (Rykov, Tomsk an Bukharin)?
They stood in the way of the industrial and agricultural scheme that he began to implement in 1928
What were the weaknesses of the ideas of the Right?
- ideas appeared timid and unrealistic
- plea for a soft line with the peasants did not accord with the parties needs
- Stalin was able to suggest the Right were guilty of underestimating the crisis facing the party and USSR
What were the weaknesses of the organisation of the Right?
- couldn't advance their views due to Stalin's control of the party
- Were loyal = fearful of creating 'factionalism' - didn't want to create deep divisions