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Flashcards in Civil War Deck (12):
1

Who were the Bolsheviks main opponents?

SRs, Mensheviks, Kadets, loyalists to the Tsars

2

Who were the Whites?

Loyalists to the Tsar = colour associated with the monarchy

3

How were foreign powers such as Britain, France and the USA involved?

Sent troops and supplies to the Whites

4

Why did foreign powers get involved?

- Former allies
- Bolsheviks had confiscated allied property e.g. business and refused to pay back loans provided to the Tsarist regime
- Worried about the welfare of the Tsar

5

How did neighbouring states take advantage of the internal conflict?

e.g. Germany occupied Poland, Lithuania and Latvia

6

Why were the whites not a serious threat?

Were too disunited - represented a diversity of groups with different agendas

7

How were the Bolsheviks plagued by problems?

Such as food supplies and conscripts

8

How much territory did the Whites control at one stage?

75%

9

How were the Red Army better trained and ideologically motivated?

- Had inspiring leaders with good skills
- Used railway systems effectively
- Message was more appealing to workers and peasants
- Controlled the 2 most important cities
- Could call upon nationalism

10

What was the main impact of the war?

The regime was secure

11

What policies did the war lead to?

- War Communism
- All businesses nationalised in 1920
- Working conditions worsen - longer hours + less pay
- Private trade banned
- Food rationing
- Red Terror (also attributed to assassinations attempts)

12

What did the war demonstrate?

- Proved the Bolsheviks could prosecute a war successfully
= highlighted their competence whereas previous wars showed incompetence of the Tsars
- Demonstrated ideological appeal of the Tsars