Lenin's Russia 1917-1924 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lenin's Russia 1917-1924 Deck (11):
1

What was democratic centralism?

The notion that true democracy in the Bolshevik party lay in the obedience of the members to the instructions of the leaders

2

How was there a bureaucratic state?

Central power increased and the number of government institutions and officials grew

3

What was the Proletkult movement?

- In theory, was a spontaneous creation by the workers of a new Russian culture
- In practice, there was little genuine contribution from ordinary people

4

Why was there little place for free expression and individualism?

The works of writers and artists had to express the values of revolutionary Russia
- politics, economics, culture and artists expression had to serve the state

5

What examples of Proletkult artistic and sporting organisations were set up by 1922?

- writers circles
- amateur dramatic groups
- art studios

6

Why did Lenin bring the Proletkult under tighter supervision?

Did not want it to become an independent organisation within the state
= by 1922 it had been largely disbanded

7

What campaign did Lenin launch against the intelligentsia before he died?

- Ordered strict censorship to be imposed on the press and academic publications
- Branded many as 'counter-revolutionaries'
= due to criticism of WC and NEP

8

How much did literacy rise?

From 43% to 51%

9

What were the main aims of the Decree on Separation of Church and State?

- break the hold of the clergy
- undermine the religious faith of the peasants

10

What were the main terms of the Decree on Separation of Church and State?

- Church properties were no loner to be owned by the clergy
- Clergy no longer paid by the state
- Church was no longer to have a central organisation with authority over local congregations
- Religious teaching forbidden in schools

11

What decrees were introduced in the 2 years after 1917 for women and the family?

- legal divorce
- recognition of illegitimate children as full citizens
- legalising of abortion
- state to be responsible for the raising of children