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Flashcards in T1- Infectios Dz of Skin Deck (99)
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What environmental conditions allow for our Normal flora to survivie?

dry and salty conditions

1

What are the three types of normal flora?

1. Diptheroids (Propionbacterium acnes)
2. Micrococci (Staphylococcus epidermis)
3. Yeast (Candida albicans)

2

______ = Bacterial infection, follicle associated lesion... types include comedo, whitehead, blackhead, pustule, and cystic

Acne

3

What is the most common mode of transmission of acne (Propionibacterium acnes)?

Endogenous

4

What are the virulence factors associated with acne?

Lipase, inflammatory mediator, other enzymes

5

What is the treatment for most acne?

Antibiotics (topical or oral), Isotretinoin

6

What are the two bacteria that cause impetigo?

1. Staphylococcus aureus
2. Streptococcus pyogenes

7

Peeling of the skin =

impetigo

8

Associated with a number of diseases, including impetigo ; Enzymes = Coagulase, Hyaluronidase, Staphylokinase, Lipases ; Most studied non-spore forming pathogen

Staphylococcus aureus

9

Impetigo, peeling of the skin, can be caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes, or may be caused by a mixture of the two. In cases where Impetigo is caused by a mixture of the two, is the onset at the same time? Or one before the other?

S. pyogenes begins is ALL cases of the disease, but LATER S. aureus takes over and produces a bacteriocin that destroys S. pyogenes

10

What is the mechanism of transmission associated with impetigo?

Transmitted by direct contact, via fomites, and mechanical vectors

11

When is the peak incidence of Impetigo?

Summer and Fall

12

______ looks like peeling skin, crusty and flaky scabs, or honey colored crusts

Impetigo

13

Where is Impetigo most commonly found?

Mouth, Face, and Extremities, but can occur anywhere on the skin

14

Can a patients symptoms suggest whether the infection is caused by Staph or Strep?

NO

15

T/F Using SEM (scanning electron micrograph) and colonies of Staphylococcus aureus could confirm the causative agent of impetigo.

true

16

What is the primary method of identifying Staphylococcus aureus?

Positive coagulase test

17

_________ = Beta Hemolytic, M protein, and is associated with impetigo

Streptococcus Pyogenes

18

What is the pathogenesis of Streptococcus pyogenes?

Involves the conversion of plasminogen to plasmin, which can degrade host tissue

19

What are the virulence factors associated with Impetigo caused by Staphylococcus Aureus?

Exfoliative toxin A, coagulase, other enzymes

20

What are the virulence factors associated with Impetigo caused by Streptococcus Pyogenes?

Streptokinase, plasminogen-binding ability, hyaluronidase, M protein

21

What tests would you perform to diagnose Impetigo caused by Staphylococcus aureus?

Routinely based on clinical signs, when necessary, culture and Gram stain, coagulase and catalase tests, multitest systems, PCR

22

In what age group do you most often see Impetigo caused by Staphylococcus Aureus?

older children or adult

23

In what age group would you most often find Impetigo caused by Streptococcus pyogenes?

newborns; may have some involvement in all impetigo (preceding S. aureus in staphylococcal impetigo

25

_______ = Bacterial or Fungal infection of the dermin and subcutaneous tissues; lymphagitis; immunocompromised individuals are at risk

Cellulitis

26

What are the signs and symptoms of Cellulitis?

1. Pain
2. tenderness
3. swelling
4. warmth
Fever and swelling of the lymph nodes in the area may also occur

27

What is caused by red lines leading away from area that become visible as a result of microbes and inflammatory products being carried by the lymphatic system?

Lymphangitis

28

What organisms cause cellulitis?

S. aureus
S. pyogenes

29

What is the most common mode of transmission of cellulitis?

parenteral implantation

30

What are the virulence factors of Cellulitis caused by S. aureus?

exfoliative toxin A, coagulase & other enzymes