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Flashcards in FMS II-EXAM 1 Review Deck (42)
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A person admitted to the ER with a diagnosis of lung cancer and SIADH. A PA would expect this patient to be in...

a hypo-osmolar state

1

graves dz is caused by

an autoimmune response

2

hyperparathroidism is associated with

pathologic fractures

3

In a person with diabetes, exercise

lowers triglyceride levels

4

a person with diabetes arrives at the emergency department after an abrupt decrease in level of consciousness.The person has tachycardia, diaphoresis, irritability, tremors, and confusion. As a PA who expect the patient has

hypoglycemia

5

diabetes is associated with micro-and macrovascular complications that include...

coronary artery dz

6

elevated cortisol levels....

reduce CRH

7

Cells within the epidermis that initiate immune response and provide defense against environmental antigens.....

Langerhans cells

8

What is the first change in the skin to indicatea pressure ulcer?

- nonblanchable erythema of intact skin

9

____ is a benign proliferation of basal cells that produces smooth or warty elevated lesions on the chest, back, and face that are tan or waxy, yellow, flesh-colored, or dark brown-black.

Seborrheic Keratosis

10

An older adult man states he has a sore above his lip that has not healed and is getting bigger. The PA observes a red scaly patch with an ulcerated center and sharp margins. The PA recognizes these features as commonly associated with Bowen disease, a form of.....

squamous cell carcinoma

11

How does glaucoma cause blindness?

by pressure on the optic nerve

12

What are the characteristics of heat stroke?

sweat production by the face occurring even during dehydration

13

Heat loss from the body via convection occurs by....

transfer of heat through currents of liquids or gas.

14

What part of the brain provides the emotional response to pain?

limbic system

15

Most protein hormones are transported in the bloodstream....

free in an unbound, water-soluble form.

16

Calcium is rigidly controlled within cells. It is highly regulated because it....

acts as a second messenger.

17

A person who has experienced physiologic stresses will have increased levels of which hormone?

ACTH

18

Which lab value would be expected for a person with hypothyroidism?

Increased TSH

19

What are the effects of high levels of aldosterone?

hypokalemia and alkalosis

20

The effects of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) include solute...

dilution and water retention.

21

Diabetes Insipidus is a result of....

ADH hyposecretion

22

Diabetes Insipidus, diabetes mellitus, and SIADH all exhibit which of the following symptoms?

thirst

23

Hyperpituitarism is generally caused by....

pituitary adenoma

24

Graves' disease develops from a(n)....

thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins that causes overproduction of thyroid hormones

25

Pathologic changes associated with Graves' disease include....

high levels of circulating thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins

26

Palpation of the neck of a person with Graves' disease would detect a thyroid that is...

enlarged diffusely

27

An infection caused from a flea bite and characterized by swelling of lymph nodes in the axilla or groin regions producing a superficial lesion, and ending with the onset of fever, chills, headache, nausea, weakness, and tenderness of the lesion most likely is the result of which organism?

Yersinia pestis

28

A condition resulting from a tick bite in which a bulls-eye rash develops and is accompanied by fever, headache, stiff neck, and dizziness would best be referred to as.....

Lyme disease

29

The world's most common protozoan disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by malaise, fever, chills, fatigue, vague aches, and vomiting without diarrhea is....

malaria