FMS II-EXAM 1 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FMS II-EXAM 1 Review Deck (42)
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0
Q

graves dz is caused by

A

an autoimmune response

1
Q

A person admitted to the ER with a diagnosis of lung cancer and SIADH. A PA would expect this patient to be in…

A

a hypo-osmolar state

2
Q

hyperparathroidism is associated with

A

pathologic fractures

3
Q

In a person with diabetes, exercise

A

lowers triglyceride levels

4
Q

a person with diabetes arrives at the emergency department after an abrupt decrease in level of consciousness.The person has tachycardia, diaphoresis, irritability, tremors, and confusion. As a PA who expect the patient has

A

hypoglycemia

5
Q

diabetes is associated with micro-and macrovascular complications that include…

A

coronary artery dz

6
Q

elevated cortisol levels….

A

reduce CRH

7
Q

Cells within the epidermis that initiate immune response and provide defense against environmental antigens…..

A

Langerhans cells

8
Q

What is the first change in the skin to indicatea pressure ulcer?

A
  • nonblanchable erythema of intact skin
9
Q

____ is a benign proliferation of basal cells that produces smooth or warty elevated lesions on the chest, back, and face that are tan or waxy, yellow, flesh-colored, or dark brown-black.

A

Seborrheic Keratosis

10
Q

An older adult man states he has a sore above his lip that has not healed and is getting bigger. The PA observes a red scaly patch with an ulcerated center and sharp margins. The PA recognizes these features as commonly associated with Bowen disease, a form of…..

A

squamous cell carcinoma

11
Q

How does glaucoma cause blindness?

A

by pressure on the optic nerve

12
Q

What are the characteristics of heat stroke?

A

sweat production by the face occurring even during dehydration

13
Q

Heat loss from the body via convection occurs by….

A

transfer of heat through currents of liquids or gas.

14
Q

What part of the brain provides the emotional response to pain?

A

limbic system

15
Q

Most protein hormones are transported in the bloodstream….

A

free in an unbound, water-soluble form.

16
Q

Calcium is rigidly controlled within cells. It is highly regulated because it….

A

acts as a second messenger.

17
Q

A person who has experienced physiologic stresses will have increased levels of which hormone?

A

ACTH

18
Q

Which lab value would be expected for a person with hypothyroidism?

A

Increased TSH

19
Q

What are the effects of high levels of aldosterone?

A

hypokalemia and alkalosis

20
Q

The effects of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) include solute…

A

dilution and water retention.

21
Q

Diabetes Insipidus is a result of….

A

ADH hyposecretion

22
Q

Diabetes Insipidus, diabetes mellitus, and SIADH all exhibit which of the following symptoms?

A

thirst

23
Q

Hyperpituitarism is generally caused by….

A

pituitary adenoma

24
Q

Graves’ disease develops from a(n)….

A

thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins that causes overproduction of thyroid hormones

25
Q

Pathologic changes associated with Graves’ disease include….

A

high levels of circulating thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins

26
Q

Palpation of the neck of a person with Graves’ disease would detect a thyroid that is…

A

enlarged diffusely

27
Q

An infection caused from a flea bite and characterized by swelling of lymph nodes in the axilla or groin regions producing a superficial lesion, and ending with the onset of fever, chills, headache, nausea, weakness, and tenderness of the lesion most likely is the result of which organism?

A

Yersinia pestis

28
Q

A condition resulting from a tick bite in which a bulls-eye rash develops and is accompanied by fever, headache, stiff neck, and dizziness would best be referred to as…..

A

Lyme disease

29
Q

The world’s most common protozoan disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by malaise, fever, chills, fatigue, vague aches, and vomiting without diarrhea is….

A

malaria

30
Q

A disease referred to as slapped cheek syndrome (erythema) and caused by parvovirus B19 that primarily affects preschool and school-aged children is referred to as….

A

Fifth disease

31
Q

A respiratory tract infection characterized by sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose (rhinorrhea) with symptoms beginning 2-3 days after infection and generally not accompanied by fever is most likely….

A

rhinitis

32
Q

A person with chronic pain is often also what?

A

Depressed

33
Q

What is Conduction?

A

Touching something. Transfer of heat from your body to a surface.

34
Q

What is convection?

A

Los of heath through currents of gases or lipids at the surface of the body.

35
Q

Vasodilation

A

Flush faces, more blood flow is forced to the surface of the skin so that core blood can be cooled off.

36
Q

Fever is stimulated by what?

A

TNF Alpha

37
Q

Hormone release is regulated by what?

A

Chemical factor

38
Q

Sensitivity of a target cell is down regulated when?

A

High concentrations of the hormone decrease the number of receptors.

39
Q

Calcitonin does what?

A

Reduces serum calcium concentration.

40
Q

What does insulin do?

A

Facilitates uptake of glucose by cells.

41
Q

Glucocorticoids act to:

A

Stimulate protein catabolism.