Flashcards in FMS II-EXAM 1 Review Deck (42)
A person admitted to the ER with a diagnosis of lung cancer and SIADH. A PA would expect this patient to be in...
a hypo-osmolar state
graves dz is caused by
an autoimmune response
hyperparathroidism is associated with
In a person with diabetes, exercise
lowers triglyceride levels
a person with diabetes arrives at the emergency department after an abrupt decrease in level of consciousness.The person has tachycardia, diaphoresis, irritability, tremors, and confusion. As a PA who expect the patient has
diabetes is associated with micro-and macrovascular complications that include...
coronary artery dz
elevated cortisol levels....
Cells within the epidermis that initiate immune response and provide defense against environmental antigens.....
What is the first change in the skin to indicatea pressure ulcer?
- nonblanchable erythema of intact skin
____ is a benign proliferation of basal cells that produces smooth or warty elevated lesions on the chest, back, and face that are tan or waxy, yellow, flesh-colored, or dark brown-black.
An older adult man states he has a sore above his lip that has not healed and is getting bigger. The PA observes a red scaly patch with an ulcerated center and sharp margins. The PA recognizes these features as commonly associated with Bowen disease, a form of.....
squamous cell carcinoma
How does glaucoma cause blindness?
by pressure on the optic nerve
What are the characteristics of heat stroke?
sweat production by the face occurring even during dehydration
Heat loss from the body via convection occurs by....
transfer of heat through currents of liquids or gas.
What part of the brain provides the emotional response to pain?
Most protein hormones are transported in the bloodstream....
free in an unbound, water-soluble form.
Calcium is rigidly controlled within cells. It is highly regulated because it....
acts as a second messenger.
A person who has experienced physiologic stresses will have increased levels of which hormone?
Which lab value would be expected for a person with hypothyroidism?
What are the effects of high levels of aldosterone?
hypokalemia and alkalosis
The effects of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) include solute...
dilution and water retention.
Diabetes Insipidus is a result of....
Diabetes Insipidus, diabetes mellitus, and SIADH all exhibit which of the following symptoms?
Hyperpituitarism is generally caused by....
Graves' disease develops from a(n)....
thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins that causes overproduction of thyroid hormones
Pathologic changes associated with Graves' disease include....
high levels of circulating thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins
Palpation of the neck of a person with Graves' disease would detect a thyroid that is...
An infection caused from a flea bite and characterized by swelling of lymph nodes in the axilla or groin regions producing a superficial lesion, and ending with the onset of fever, chills, headache, nausea, weakness, and tenderness of the lesion most likely is the result of which organism?
A condition resulting from a tick bite in which a bulls-eye rash develops and is accompanied by fever, headache, stiff neck, and dizziness would best be referred to as.....