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Flashcards in FMS-Derm Deck (145)
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0

What is the largest organ of the body?

skin

1

What accounts for approximately 20% of the body's weight?

skin

2

What is the primary function of the skin?

protect the body against:
1. microorg. 3. loss of body fluids
2. UV radiation 4. stress of mechanical forces

3

T/F: The skin regulates body temperature.

TRUE

4

The skin is involved in the production of which vitamin?

Vitamin D

5

What are some genetic & environmental factors that affect the integumentary system?

1. skin becomes thinner, drier, wrinkled, & demonstrates changes in pigmentation
2. shortening & decreasing in number of capillary loops
3. fewer melanocytes & Langerhans cells
4. atrophy of sebaceous, eccrine, & apocrine glands
5. changes in hair color
6. fewer hair follicles & growth of thinner hair

6

flat circumscribed area of altered color that is <1cm

macule

7

raised, solid lesion <5mm-1cm

papule

8

flat, pigmented lesion >5mm-1cm

patch

9

>5mm flat-topped, raised leesion

plaque

10

transient swelling due to dermal edema

Wheal

11

solid, round circumscribed elevation of 1-2cm

nodule

12

elevated, solid lesion that may be clearly demarcated, deeper in the dermis & >2cm

tumor

13

<1cm papule containing clear fluid

vesicle

14

large (>5mm-1cm), circumscribed , fluid-containing elevation

Bulla

15

papule containing purulent fluid

pustule

16

encapsulated nodule containing fluid, cells, or keratin

cyst

17

small, dilated superficial blood vessels

telangiectasia

18

thick stratum corneum due to increased proliferation or keratincytes

scale

19

focal area of thickened skin with accentuation of skin lines due to rubbing/scratching

lichenification

20

irregular, elevated, enlarging scar caused by excessive collagen formation during healing, following surgery or other skin trauma

keloid

21

thin to thick fibrous tissue healed dermal layer or deeper, healed wound or surgical incision

scar

22

shallow abrasion, linear hallowed-out, crusted area

excoriation

23

linear, split in epidermis &/or crack in dermis (can be moist or dry)

fissure

24

partial loss of epidermis, heals without scarring

erosion

25

loss of epidermis & dermis, surface excudate &/or crusting often present; heals with scarring

ulcer

26

thinning of skin surface & loss of skin markings

atrophy

27

What are pressure ulcers a result of?

any unrelieved pressure on the skin
-pressure
-shearing forces
-friction
-moisture

28

What are some risk factors of pressure ulcers?

1.immobilization
2. incontinence
3. debilitation

29

You are a PA doing rounds & you notice one of your elderly patients that has limited movement has not changed positions for sometime. What should you be worried about this patient developing?

pressure ulcers