Flashcards in FMS-Derm Deck (145)
What is the largest organ of the body?
What accounts for approximately 20% of the body's weight?
What is the primary function of the skin?
protect the body against:
1. microorg. 3. loss of body fluids
2. UV radiation 4. stress of mechanical forces
T/F: The skin regulates body temperature.
The skin is involved in the production of which vitamin?
What are some genetic & environmental factors that affect the integumentary system?
1. skin becomes thinner, drier, wrinkled, & demonstrates changes in pigmentation
2. shortening & decreasing in number of capillary loops
3. fewer melanocytes & Langerhans cells
4. atrophy of sebaceous, eccrine, & apocrine glands
5. changes in hair color
6. fewer hair follicles & growth of thinner hair
flat circumscribed area of altered color that is <1cm
raised, solid lesion <5mm-1cm
flat, pigmented lesion >5mm-1cm
>5mm flat-topped, raised leesion
transient swelling due to dermal edema
solid, round circumscribed elevation of 1-2cm
elevated, solid lesion that may be clearly demarcated, deeper in the dermis & >2cm
<1cm papule containing clear fluid
large (>5mm-1cm), circumscribed , fluid-containing elevation
papule containing purulent fluid
encapsulated nodule containing fluid, cells, or keratin
small, dilated superficial blood vessels
thick stratum corneum due to increased proliferation or keratincytes
focal area of thickened skin with accentuation of skin lines due to rubbing/scratching
irregular, elevated, enlarging scar caused by excessive collagen formation during healing, following surgery or other skin trauma
thin to thick fibrous tissue healed dermal layer or deeper, healed wound or surgical incision
shallow abrasion, linear hallowed-out, crusted area
linear, split in epidermis &/or crack in dermis (can be moist or dry)
partial loss of epidermis, heals without scarring
loss of epidermis & dermis, surface excudate &/or crusting often present; heals with scarring
thinning of skin surface & loss of skin markings
What are pressure ulcers a result of?
any unrelieved pressure on the skin
What are some risk factors of pressure ulcers?