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Flashcards in FMS I Final Deck (63)
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t/f: “Flight or fight” occurs in the exhaustion stage in the general adaptation syndrome (GAS).

FALSE

1

T/F: Cortisol circulates in the plasma free (unbound) and bound to protein.

TRUE

2

T/F: A person does not have a stress reaction unless the stress exceeds his or her coping abilities.

TRUE

3

T/F: The decrease in insulin during a stress response prevents glucose from being taken up by peripheral tissue so that more glucose will be available for the CNS.

TRUE

4

T/F: For catecholamines to be immunosuppressive, their levels must be chronically elevated.

TRUE

5

T/F: Stress and negative emotions have not been associated with the production of increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines

FALSE

6

T/F: Although stress generally inhibits the female reproductive system, it increases the production of testosterone.

FALSE

7

T/F: Lymphocytes secrete growth hormone (GH), prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and endorphins.

TRUE

8

T/F: Studies have shown a relationship between depression and reduction in lymphocyte proliferation and natural killer (NK) cell activity

TRUE

9

T/F: Stress has no effect on the development of cancer.

FALSE

10

Which hormone Constricts peripheral vessels to increase blood pressure as a stress response?

norepinephrine

11

Which hormone Increases cardiac output by increasing heart rate and myocardial contractility during a stress response?

epinephrine

12

Which hormone Increases gastric secretions during a stress response?

cortisol

13

What nerve innervates the diaphragm and is associated with the fibrous pericardium?

phrenic

14

The mesothelium of the parietal layer of the body wall is derived from...

somatic mesoderm

15

The crura of the diaphragm are derived from the...

dorsal mesentery of the esophagus

16

The fibrous pericardium is derived from...

the pleuropericardial membranes

17

Which of the following are retroperitoneal (either primarily or secondarily)?

kidney and urinary bladder (that's the correct answer on the exam)

18

Which of the following is a herniation through the sternocostal hiatus?

retrosternal hernia

19

What develops from the first pharyngeal arch?

muscles of mastication

20

What is derived from the second aortic arch?

hyoid artery

21

The thymus develops from.....

third pharyngeal pouch

22

The cells that produce calcitonin are derived from...

fourth pharyngeal pouch

23

the middle ear ossicles are derived from...

first and second pharyngeal arches

24

Which disease is caused by an autosomal dominant gene and results in malar hypoplasia of zygomatic bones with down-slanting palpebral fissures, defect of lower eyelids, deformed external ears and sometimes abnormalities of middle and internal ears?

Treacher Collins syndrome

25

Which disease results from excessive merging of the mesenchymal masses in the maxillary and mandibular prominences of the first pharnygeal arch?

Congenital microstomia

26

The primary palate is derived (directly) from the...

intermaxillary segment

27

The foramen cecum...

marks the point of embryonic evagination of the thyroid gland

28

A patient is found to have glandular tissue situated in the tongue musculature just superior to the body of the hyoid bone. This tissue would most likely be related to the...

thyroid gland

29

The sclera is derived from...

neural crest cells