Flashcards in The Articles of Confederation Deck (58)
what is a constitution?
plan of government.
what kind of legislature did most states establish
a two-house, or bicameral legislature
what did each state do and what were they afraid of
they made their own constitution, but they were hesitant to give too much power to one person, so they had provisions to limit the power of their governors
who voted for the legislature and how
whites, sometimes free african amricans
the legislature was chosen frequently from popular votes
what is a republic?
a government where citizens rule through elected officials
what were the "terms" of the national government?
could only be used in war or relations with other countries
went with the Articles of Confederation
each state had freedom, independance, and soverignty
congress could borrow $ from states or other countries
what was their weaknesses
no provision for trade, taxes, or the draft
no chief executive
everything worked through continental committees
each state had 1 vote, regardless of population
why did the confederation government fail
not strong enough to del with issues
no laws could be passed unless 9out of 13approved
any change required all 13 approval
gained independence and foreign trade
what were the new land policies?
articles had no provision for adding states so Congress divided them into self-governing districts
what was the Ordinance of 1785
this divided the massive territory into townships and then townships were divided into smaller sections and sold @ an auction
what was the North West Ordinance
freedom of religion
trial by jury
No slavery or involuntary servitude
emphasis on schooling
new states had the same rights as old states
first attempt to stop slavery
what does depreciated mean
fell in value
Congress and states printed their own money but no ____ or ____ to back it
No gold or silver to back it
Country was in debt to _______ & other ________
Citizens and other countries
Who formed the department of finance?
Robert Morris, a merchant
Robert Morris proposed a ______% tax on imported goods to help pay off debt
Required a change....12 agreed but what state disagreed?
__________ troops were still in the Great Lakes region
What were the british problems during this time?
-troops were still in the great lakes region
-they were keeping our merchants away from good trading markets
-John Adams met w/King George III
-He accused America or no upholding their end of the deal
-Congress needed to pay Loyalists back
What were the Spanish problems during this time?
-Wanted America to stop expanding West
-Closed lower portion f Mississippi to Americans
-Solution could not be found
-What is Shay's Rebellion
-Farmers suffering-land sized and put in jail
-Shays united them and led a rebellion
-Mitia? fired and 4 were killed and the rest scattered
What was going on with Slavery during this time?
-11 states outlawed or heavily taxed the importation of slaves
-SC and Georgia did nothing
-NE states passed laws that gradually ended slavery
-Still discrimination: -barred from public places, separate schools, few states gave them the right to vote, separate churches
What is Manumission?
the freeing of individual slaves
Virginia passed a law
What was the constitutional convention?
-lots of arguing about AOC
-Alexander Hamilton and James Madison were 2 leaders for the changes
-55 delegates met from May to Fall
-James Madison made a basic outline of our modern day constitution
-Called "the father of our constitution"
What was the Virginia Plan?
-created by Madison & Edmund Randolph
-2 house legislature (lower hse-voted by people, Upper hse-voted by lower hse, # of reps would be proportional to populations)
-a chief executive (chosen by legislature)
-a court system
-this plan throws out Articles
What was the New Jersey Plan?
-created by William Patterson
-1 house legislature
-each state gets 1 vote
-congress could now set taxes and trade
-it elects a weak executive branch made up of many
-this plan amends the Articles
What was the Great Compromise?
-a 2 house legislature-congress
-w/house of representatives based on population 2 per state
-directly elect house of res
-AKA Connecticut plan
What was the Slave Compromise?
Every 5 slaves = 3 free men (3/5 compromise)
Banning slave trade?
No south delayed it until 1808