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Flashcards in The Federalist Era Deck (67)
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what three departments did Congress establish in the executive branch of government

the State department, the department of Treasury, and the department of War.

1

what did the Judiciary act of 1789 establish

it established a federal court system with 13 district courts and three circuit courts to serve the nation

2

what is the purpose of the bill of rights?

to protect the rights of individual liberity, and the rights of persons accused of crimes

3

what are precedents

traditions

4

when was GW sworn into office
who was the VP

April 30th, 1789
John Adams

5

what precedents did GW make

Inaugural adress
serving 2 terms
foreign policy of neutrality
"Mr. President"
Swearing upon the Bible
the Cabinet
Wore regular clothes

6

who was the head of the state department (foreign affairs)

thomas Jefferson

7

department of treasury

Alexander Hamilton

8

Department of defense (military)

Henry Knox

9

Attorney General

Edmund Randolph

10

what right does the president have

they can dismiss the cabinet

11

who was the Supreme Court Justice

John Jay

12

what was Hamilton's plan concerning debts

all debts accrued by the confederation government and revolutionary war should b paid back to citizens and foreign countries

13

why would gov. not pay back the citizens?

war bonds bought were sold to speculators because the buyer did not receive money after war

14

What three departments did Congress establish in the executive branch of the government

State department
department of the treasury
department of war

15

What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 establish?

a federal court system with 13 district courts and three circuit courts to serve the nation.

16

What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights?

to protect the rights of individual liberty, and the rights of persons accused of crimes.

17

What was Alexander Hamilton's plan "for the adequate support of public credit"?

To pay off the debts owed by the government to other countries and to American citizens

18

What is a bond?

a paper note promising to repay the money in a certain length of time.

19

What did Hamilton promise Southern leaders in order to gain their support for his plan to pay off state debts?

Hamilton promised to make a new capital in the South

20

What were two reasons for Jefferson and Madison's opposition to a national bank?

They opposed it because they thought it would favor the wealthy and they thought a bank was unconstitutional.

21

An armed protest called the ______ _______ involved violent attacks on government officials and destruction of property

the Whiskey Rebellion

22

Although Washington signed treaties with the __________ _________ fighting broke out between them and settlers in the West

Native Americans

23

General ________ ________ gained a decisive victory over Native Americans in 1794 at the battle of ________ _________.

General Anthony Wayne
battle of Fallen Timbers

24

As a result, the United States acquired most of the land in present day Ohio in the Treaty of __________.

the Treaty of Greenville

25

European nations also challenged the United States in maintaining its _________.

neutrality

26

Americans were particularly angered by the British practice of _______ in which American sailors were forced into the British navy.

impressment

27

This practice was not addressed in _________ treaty, which did result in British withdrawal from American soil.

Jay's Treaty

28

Differences with Spain were settled in 1795 with __________ Treaty, giving Americans free navigation of the __________ River and the right to trade at ___________.

Pickney's Treaty
Mississippi River
New Orleans

29

Hammy also proposed a _________ _________ on imports to help grow American industry

tariff-tax