Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (48)
What do you know about the election of 1824?
-from 1816-1824 - one major political party
-in 1824, Monroe declined to run for 3rd term
-4 different candidates decided to run (all had differing viewpoints)
Who were the candidates for election in the election of 1824?
-John Quincy Adams
-William H Crawford
What do you know about John Quincy Adams?
-Son of John Adams
-popular w/merchants in NE
What do you know about Andrew Jackson?
-hero of war of 1812
-born into poverty
-claimed to represent average americans
What do you know about Henry Clay?
-speaker of the house
-leader of War Hawks
Who won the election?
Jackson - he received most of the votes - no majority
-he ran w/ Calhoun against Adams and won
What is the "corrupt bargain"?
-Henry Clay met w/John Quincy Adams and set up a plan
-proposed to use his influence to ensure Jackson would not be elected
-Clay would be secretary of state
-Adams won and Clay became secretary of state
-THIS WAS NEVER PROVEN
What do you know about the Adams Presidency?
-worked to make his mark
-set forth legislation for improving roads and waterways
-also he requested funds for a Nat University and set up astronomical observatories and other scientific research
How did people feel about the Adams presidency?
-the plan enraged many
-most wanted to limit power
-Adams wanted to expand power
congress approved the money for roads, rivers & harbors but nothing else
What is plurity?
the largest share but not the majority
By 1828 the republicans split into what two groups?
Who were the democratic republicans?
-more states rights
-supporters were immigrants, fronter, city workers
Who were the National republicans?
-supporters: merhants, farmers
What did people think about John Quincy Adams?
-elitist who didn't care about the common man
-accused -government funds (billard?)
-refused to attend inauguration
-joined in the mudslinging
what is mudslinging?
insults in politics
What did people think about Jackson?
-bad temper and violence
-accused of murdering 6 men
accused of stealing another man's wife
-refused to meet with Adams
What is propaganda?
-events like barbecues
What happened at Jackson's inauguration?
-thousands of "common folk" came to hear his speech
-crowd went to White House - trashed
-everyone was able to shake his hand
What is Old Hickory?
-given to Jackson
-grew up in a log cabin
-tough, hickory stick
By 1828 how many states out of 24 allowed the people to choose presidential electors rather than state electors.
22 out or 24
What is the spoils system?
Jackson fired many of the federal workers and replaced them with his supporters.
the practice of replacing government employees w/the winner
what is the electoral system?
-caucus system - candidates were chosen by members of congress
-they established nominating convention delegates to from states choose the party's presidential candidate
-allowed more people to be involved in the choses.
What is a tariff and who liked them?
a fee paid on imported goods
the North liked tariffs-encouraged americans to buy their goods
south didn't like tariffs
what did Calhoun and Jackson say about tariffs?
Calhoun: argued that states have the right to nullify a federal law that hurts that state since states created the federal gov
Jackson: country should remain united
What did South Carolina do about tariffs?
SC passed the Nullification which said it would not pay the "illegal" tariffs of 1828 and 1832
What was the bill that Jackson proposed regarding tariffs?
Jackson proposed a ill that gradually reduced the tariffs cost and had congress pass the "force bill" which gave him the power to use the military to enforce the acts of Congress.
What was the conflict over land?
We expanded into Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chicksaw & Choctaw
-had advanced farming societies
-land was Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida
-land west of the Mississippi was dry and seemed unsuitable for farming
-asked to relocate NA
What was Jackson's view regarding the NA
-supported the removal of NA
-promised it in the Inaugural Adress