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Flashcards in The Native Americans Deck (21)
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0

What were the five nations that were part of the Iroquois league

Onondaga, Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga

1

How and why did people come to the Americas

They came from Asia across a land bridge called Beringia because they were in search for food

2

What is a nomad

Person who travels from place to place and hunts and gathers

3

What is migration

When a large amount of people move from one place to another

4

What is archaeology

The study of ancient people

5

What is an artifact

Something from an ancient civilization from the past

6

What is culture

Beliefs, art, music, food, literature, architecture

7

What things do civilizations need

Shelter, set homes, water source, specialization, food

8

What civilization is the oldest of the four

Olmec

9

Who were the Olmec

Farmers
Stone pavements
Water system

10

Who were the Maya

Lived in the rainforest
Ate maize, beans, and sweet potatoes
Up to 2,000,000 people
Built zig gamut the size of a 20 story building
Theocracy
Lived in present day Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Belize
Developed hieroglyphics
Made math system of counting
Made 365 day calendar

11

What are ziggaruts

Temples that the maya made

12

Who were the Aztecs

Hunters
Home on an island
Made a road out of dirt to the other shore
Mandatory public schools
Practiced polygamy
Human sacrifices and cannabalism
Tenochtitlan was the main city

13

Who were the inca

Lived in mountain range in Peru
Capital city is Cuzco
Emperor is pachicuti
Spiked copper balls, spears, and slinging stones were weapons
Quip us is their system of keeping records
Made terrace for farming

14

Who were the hohokam

Lived in Arizona
Made irrigation channels

15

Who were the Anasazi

Lived in the four corners
Built pueblos
Built road systems
Lived in the mountains

16

What are pueblos

Stone dwellings built by the Anasazi

17

Who were the mound builders

Lived in Ohio river valley
Adena, Hopewell
Mounds held deceased and treasures

18

Who were the Cahokia

Lived in Illinois
Great pyramid dominated city

19

How did the native Americans adapt to their environments to form a unique culture

Inuit-settled up north around article ocean, built igloos, wore animal skins,fished,hunted whales and walruses, burnt seal oil
North West-wooden houses,canoes,baskets from tree bark,fished
Plateau-mound houses,fished
South west-irrigation,adobe houses, hunted and farmed, cliff dwellings
Plain-nomadic lived in tepees,hunted,grew corn,had horses
Middle East-Iroquois, created law codes, organized gov,and federation
East-grew a lot of crops

20

What effects did the Iroquois league have on us, and info about it

The Iroquois league has 5 nations, uniting them into a federation. This was the first organized government. It effected the way we do things now because we are a constitution.