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What where the Crusades

Holy wars by the Christian Europeans to retake Jerusalem from the Muslims this brought two cultures together

1

Who is Marco Polo

Traveled to China and wrote the book Travels this created interest in Asia and inspired Many to explore

2

What brought Western Europeans into contact with the Middle East

The Crusades

3

What did European traders trade with Asia for

Spices perfumes silks

4

Citizens studied what which led to the period known as the Renaissance

Classical Greek and Roman works

5

What four items were invented to help exploration

Maps, astrolabe, compass, caravel

6

What does technology mean

The use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes

7

What were some new technologies back then

print press, Maps, astrolabe, compass, the rudder, triangular sail,Caravel

8

Who were the first Europeans to trade for slaves from Africa

The Portuguese

9

What was Ghana

The first kingdom to prosper
they sold gold, ivory, and slaves in exchange for salt, cotton, brass many became Muslim
they declined when other kingdoms started trading

10

What was Mali

Kingdom in Africa ruled by Mansa Musa powerful King who made the kingdom of famous
he made a pilgrimage to Mecca brought back an Arab architect had him build mosques

11

What are mosques

Muslim houses of worship

12

What is a pilgrimage

A religious journey

13

What was song hi

A kingdom in Africa who was ruled by King Askiya conquered the Mali kingdom
he made laws based on the Quran
organized government into provinces and appointed officials for each one unified the currency, weights, measurements and laws

14

Did technology advancements help exploration

Maps help map the region

15

How did slavery began

Portuguese

16

Will begin to happen in the world as people from different area started trading

New religion, culture spreading

17

What did Henry the navigator do

Set up a school for exploration in 1420 gathering mapmakers geographers mathematicians astronomers together to share their work and advance exploration he set along
the west African coast line
Built the caravel
King John the second of Portugal urged to find a route to Asia

18

Bartholomew Dias was commissioned by King John to do what?

-explore Southern Africa

19

Bartholomew Dias did what after a huge storm?

Got lost for 2 weeks

20

Bartholomew Dias made it to where?

The southern tip of Africa

21

Bartholomew Dias called the southern tip of Africa what?

the Cape of Storms

22

Bartholomew Dias called the tip of Southern Africa the Cape of Storms. What did King John rename it?

The Cape of Good Hope

23

Vasco da Gama was sent out on a voyage to where?

India

24

Vasco da Gama sailed to the ______ of the _____ then turned east.

Vasco da Gama sailed to the middle of the Atlantic then turned east.

25

Vasco da Gama rounded the cape then explored part of _____ ______.

Vasco da Gama rounded the cape then explored part of East Africa.

26

Vasco da Gama made it to ______, _______ in May of 1498.

Vasco da Gama made it to Calicut, India in May of 1498.

27

Vasco da Gama was the first european to get to ________ on an all water route.

Vasco da Gama was the first european to get to Asia on an all water route.

28

Alvares Cabral went out after Da Gama and sailed wider then found _______.

Alvares Cabral went out after Da Gama and sailed wider then found Brazil.

29

Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in ____.

Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492.