Flashcards in Discovering The Americas Deck (124)
What where the Crusades
Holy wars by the Christian Europeans to retake Jerusalem from the Muslims this brought two cultures together
Who is Marco Polo
Traveled to China and wrote the book Travels this created interest in Asia and inspired Many to explore
What brought Western Europeans into contact with the Middle East
What did European traders trade with Asia for
Spices perfumes silks
Citizens studied what which led to the period known as the Renaissance
Classical Greek and Roman works
What four items were invented to help exploration
Maps, astrolabe, compass, caravel
What does technology mean
The use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
What were some new technologies back then
print press, Maps, astrolabe, compass, the rudder, triangular sail,Caravel
Who were the first Europeans to trade for slaves from Africa
What was Ghana
The first kingdom to prosper
they sold gold, ivory, and slaves in exchange for salt, cotton, brass many became Muslim
they declined when other kingdoms started trading
What was Mali
Kingdom in Africa ruled by Mansa Musa powerful King who made the kingdom of famous
he made a pilgrimage to Mecca brought back an Arab architect had him build mosques
What are mosques
Muslim houses of worship
What is a pilgrimage
A religious journey
What was song hi
A kingdom in Africa who was ruled by King Askiya conquered the Mali kingdom
he made laws based on the Quran
organized government into provinces and appointed officials for each one unified the currency, weights, measurements and laws
Did technology advancements help exploration
Maps help map the region
How did slavery began
Will begin to happen in the world as people from different area started trading
New religion, culture spreading
What did Henry the navigator do
Set up a school for exploration in 1420 gathering mapmakers geographers mathematicians astronomers together to share their work and advance exploration he set along
the west African coast line
Built the caravel
King John the second of Portugal urged to find a route to Asia
Bartholomew Dias was commissioned by King John to do what?
-explore Southern Africa
Bartholomew Dias did what after a huge storm?
Got lost for 2 weeks
Bartholomew Dias made it to where?
The southern tip of Africa
Bartholomew Dias called the southern tip of Africa what?
the Cape of Storms
Bartholomew Dias called the tip of Southern Africa the Cape of Storms. What did King John rename it?
The Cape of Good Hope
Vasco da Gama was sent out on a voyage to where?
Vasco da Gama sailed to the ______ of the _____ then turned east.
Vasco da Gama sailed to the middle of the Atlantic then turned east.
Vasco da Gama rounded the cape then explored part of _____ ______.
Vasco da Gama rounded the cape then explored part of East Africa.
Vasco da Gama made it to ______, _______ in May of 1498.
Vasco da Gama made it to Calicut, India in May of 1498.
Vasco da Gama was the first european to get to ________ on an all water route.
Vasco da Gama was the first european to get to Asia on an all water route.
Alvares Cabral went out after Da Gama and sailed wider then found _______.
Alvares Cabral went out after Da Gama and sailed wider then found Brazil.