Unit 10: Personality Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > Unit 10: Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 10: Personality Deck (21):
1

In Sigmund Freud's metaphor using an iceberg, what were the three labeled pieces of the iceberg?

2

What was the purpose of the iceberg in Freud's metaphor

Like an iceberg, which is mostly under water, Freud said that our mind was mostly unconscious.

3

What is the difference between conscious, preconscious, and unconscious thoughts?

Conscious = What you are currently thinking

Preconscious = What you are not thinking, but could be (e.g. memories)

Unconscious = What you are not capable of thinking about, but control your actions (e.g. Hatred for a parent, secret love for a person)

4

What are the three functions driving our behaviors and thoughts according to Freud?

Id

Ego

Superego

5

What is the difference between the Id, Ego, and Superego

Id = "devil on your shoulder" - unfiltered, animalistic desires (evil)

Ego = "mediator" - does what is realistic, listenes to the Id and the Superego

Superego = "angel on your shoulder" - morality, (what Jesus would do)

6

In order, what are Freud's psychosexual stages of development?

Oral (<18 mo)

Anal (18-36 mo)

Phallic (3-6 y/o)

Latent (6 - puberty)

Genital (after puberty)

7

What was the term used when a person gets "stuck" in one of Freud's psychosexual stages, and it manifests itself later in life?

Fixation

8

What are the two stages of fixation related to the anal stage - and what do they mean generally?

Anal Retentive

A person who is excessively tidy and/or hates messes

Anal Expulsive

Messy, disorganized and/or rebellious

9

The defense mechanism where an individual completely blocks out from memory a traumatic experience

Repression

10

Regression

When a person reverts back to an earlier stage in development to deal with emotional trauma (e.g. sucking their thumb)

11

Reaction Formation

Acting opposite the way a person really feels

 

Example: Acting mean towards a person that you really like

12

Projection

Taking traits of ones' own self and placing them on others

 

Example: A selfish person is quick to see selfish traits in other people

13

Ratioanlization

Making excuses for bad situations

 

Example: You didn't get into the college you wanted, so you say you didn't want to go there anyway.

14

Displacement

Taking your emotions out on an object or person unrelated to what caused your emotions

 

Example: You have a bad day at school, so you yell at your little brother when you get home.

15

Sublimation

Using an upsetting situation as energy to do something productive and good

 

Example: Your girlfriend breaks up with you, which makes you angry, but you use that to run faster in the track meet.

16

Denial

Refusal to accept reality

 

Example:

Your boyfriend breaks up with you. However, when asked you say, "No he didn't mean it, he'll be back, we have a date tomorrow night".

17

At what age did Freud say that our personality traits were made fairly permanent

6

18

According to Carl Jung, out entire society has a sort of shared set of traits, knowledge and experience. He called this:

Collective Unconscious

19

What is the name of the psychoanalysts that came after Freud

Neo-Freudians

20

What is the purpose of projective tests

To uncover, or "project" the unconscious.

21