Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Deck (37)
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1

What are the four major theoretical approaches for psychological treatment?

Psychoanalytic
Humanistic
Behavioral
Cognitive

2

Most counseling psychologists draw from more than one theoretical approach - this is called:

Eclectic

3

What are some of the major problems with a person in therapy according to psychoanalysis

Past trauma
Underdeveloped superego
Overdeveloped Id
Repressed desires
...

4

What is the main focus of therapy in psychoanalysis

To uncover the unconscious using projective tests

5

When a person uses their mental "filter" during a projective test - which prevents their unconscious from truly coming out

Resistance

6

The subjective "grading" of projective tests

Interpretation

7

Tests in psychoanalysis designed to uncover a person's unconscious thoughts

Projective tests

8

Patients can sometimes transfer their thoughts or emotions onto a therapist

Transferrence

9

What are some ways that humanistic perspective differs from psychoanalytic

* Focus on achieving full potential (good) instead of repressed trauma (bad)
* Focus on present and future instead of past
* Focus on a client's dynamic ability to change their future instead of learning how past events have altered their lives

10

The process of accepting a client regardless of their circumstances proposed by Carl Rogers

Unconditional Positive Regard

11

Slowly and gradually exposing a client to their fears to decondition them

Systematic Desensitization

12

Pairing an unpleasant stimulus with an undesirable behavior with hopes of eliminating the behavior

Aversive conditioning

13

A system of representative money to reward good behavior (e.g. Monopoly money given in class for correct answers could be cashed in for candy at the end of the semester)

Token economy

14

The irrational "end of the world" thoughts a person might have about anxiety provoking situations

Catastrophizing beliefs

15

The most effective, and most widely used combination of the four theoretical perspectives

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

16

Psychotherapist with a medical doctor's licence - able to prescribe medicine

Psychiatrist

17

Counselor with a PhD level education that primarily deals with more severe mental disorders (e.g. schizophrenia, bipolar,...) - cannot prescribe medicine in most states

Clinical Psychologist

18

Counselor with a master's level education that deals mostly with less severe, or day-to-day struggles (e.g. Major depression, anxiety, marital issues, substance abuse)

Counselor (Many licenses would apply for this description, such as a "Licenced Professional Counselor, or LPC)

19

The study of drugs and their effects

Psychopharmacology

20

Neurotransmitter that deals with movement

Acetylcholine

21

Possible symptoms of having too much acetylcholine

Seizures

22

Possible symptoms of having too little acetylcholine

Paralysis

23

Disorder relating to an overabundance of dopamine

Schizophrenia

24

Disorder relating to a shortage of dopamine

Parkinson's Disease

25

Disorder relating to a shortage of Serotonin

Depression

26

A synthetic neurotransmitter which mimics the actual neurotransmitter well enough to bind to the receptor site AND send a signal to the dendrite of a neighboring neuron

Agonist

27

A synthetic neurotransmitter which mimics the actual neurotransmitter well enough to clog up the receptor site so that other neurotransmitters are unable to bind (but not well enough to send a signal to the dendrite of a neuron)

Antagonist

28

The process of reabsorption of neurotransmitters from the synapse back into the axon terminal

Reuptake

29

The process by which the body reduces its naturally occurring neurotransmitters to compensate for increased levels of synthetic neurotransmitters (e.g. drugs)

Tolerance

30

The unpleasant feelings associated with the body's reduced level of natural neurotransmitters, after achieving tolerance with a drug - and quitting the drug

Withdrawal