English- Rhetorical Devices Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > English- Rhetorical Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in English- Rhetorical Devices Deck (28):
1

zuegma

a figure in which more than one time in a sentence is governed by a single word, usually a verb: "exercise psychologists argue that body-pump aerobics sessions benefit a person's heart and lungs, muscles and nerves, and joints and cartilage"

2

antimetabole

words are repeated in different grammatical forms: "when the going gets tough, the tough get going"

3

parenthesis

allows for interruption in a sentence. usually set off by parenthesis or dashes: "sports night at the school always brings out the would-be jocks-- who would expect any different-- ready to show that they're potentially as good as the varsity players"

4

appostitive

A construction in which two coordinating elements are set side by side and the second explains or modifies the first: "David Brooks calls Franklin, inventor, entrepreneur, and statesman, 'Our Founding Yuppie.'"

5

ellipsis

Any omission of words, the meaning of which is provided by the overall context of the passage: "In times of conflict, if you talk to your friend, and he you, you'll find a way around a fight."

6

Asyndeton

An omission of conjunctions between related clauses: "...and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth."

7

Alliteration

is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning or in the middle of two or more adjacent words: "Fourscore and twenty years ago our forefathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation."

8

Assonance

The repetition of vowel sounds in the stressed syllables of two or more adjacent words: "Ye shAll sAy they All hAve pAssed awAy thAt nobel rAce and brAve"

9

Anaphora

The repetition of the same group of words at the beginning of successive clauses: "We cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow..."

10

Epistrophe

It the repetition of the same group of words at the end of successive clauses: "Yes I am, I am indian, indian, I am."

11

Anadiplosis

The Repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following sentence: "Watch your thoughts, they become words; watch your your words, they become actions: watch your actions the become habits."

12

Climax

The repetition of words, phrases, or clauses in order of increasing number of importance: "Excellent athletes need to be respectful of themselves, their teammates, their schools, and their communities."

13

Metaphor

An implied comparison between two things that, on the surface, seem dissimilar but that, upon further examination, share common characteristics: "My life it stood, like a loaded gun."

14

Simile

A comparison of two things using like or as: "My like seemed like a loaded gun, waiting to be fired in some field."

15

synecdoche

A part of something is used to refer to the whole: "lend me your hand."

16

Metonomy

An entity is referred to by one of its attributes: "There is still no answer from the White House."

17

Periphrasis

A descriptive word or phrase is used to refer to a proper name: "Hog butcher to the world."

18

Anthimeria

One part of speech, usually a verb, substitutes for another, usually a noun: "to have a good cry"

19

Onomatopeia

Sounds of the words used are related to their meaning: "Oh, the tintinnabulation of the bells."

20

Hyperbole

exaggeration: "He couldn't make that shot again even if he tried a million times."

21

Irony

Words are meant to convey the opposite of their literal meaning: "Their center is over seven feet tall--where do they come up with these little pipsqueaks?"

22

Oxymoron

Words that have apparently contradictory meanings are placed near each other: "aching pleasure, jumbo shrimp"

23

Rhetorical question

A question is designed not to secure an answer but to move the development of an idea forward and suggest a point: "Aren't I a woman?"

24

What is a Scheme?

Any artful, that is, deliberate, variation from typical arrangements of words and sentences.

25

What is a trope?

An artful variation from the typical expressions or ideas of the words.

26

list the schemes

antithesis, zeugma, antimetabole, parenthesis, appositive, ellipsis, asyndeton, alliteration, assonance, anaphora, epistrophe, anadiplosis, and climax

27

list the tropes

metaphor, simile, synecdoche, metonymy, personification, periphrasis, pun, anthimeria, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, litotes, Irony, oxymoron, and rhetorical question

28

antithesis

when the content of the clause, ohrases, or words being balanced in the parallel strucure offer a striking contrast to readers