Unit 8B: Emotions, Stress, and Health Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > Unit 8B: Emotions, Stress, and Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8B: Emotions, Stress, and Health Deck (19)
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What are the three elements that contribute to emotion (and are included in the theories of emotion)

  • Physiological Arousal
  • Behavior
  • Conscious Thoughts


The theory that states that physiological arousal causes our emotion

James-Lange Theory


The theory that all three elements of emotion* occur at the same time

*(1) Emotion (2) Arousal (3) Conscious Experience

Cannon-Bard Theory


Theory that states that our physiological reactions and our cognitions work together to create emotion

Two-Factor Theory


What are the three theories of emotion and how do they explain the order of the three elements of emotion?

(E) Emotion

(C) Cognition

(P) Physiological Arousal

P: Physiological Arousal ~~ C: Cognition ~~ E: Emotion
  1. James-Lange
    • P --> E
  2. Cannon-Bard
    • P & E happen at the same time
  3. Two-Factor Theory
    • P + C --> E


What is the relationship between arousal and performance?

There is an optimal level of arousal for any given task, where more or less would result in reduced performance


Explain the difference between easy tasks and difficult tasks with respect to optimal performance

Easy tasks require more arousal for the optimal performance than do difficult tasks (which require a lower amount of arousal for optimal performance)


As a result of the physical arousal of watching a scary movie with another person, you actually emotionally like them more - even though their presence was unrelated to your arousal.

The Spillover Effect


Intense, irrational fear of a thing



A method of "venting" anger through aggressive behaviors



The tendency for a person to do "good" things when in a good mood

Feel-good, do-good phenomenon


The tendency for us to judge events or stimuli based on previous experience with similar stimuli

Adaptation-level phenomenon


The tendency for a person to judge their own situation against the (more negative) level of others' situations

Relative deprivation


The branch of psychology related to a person's physical well-being

Health Psychology


What is General Adaptation Syndrome?

The body responds to a stressor in three stages:

  1. Alarm: Your body goes into alarm mode (below normal functioning)
  2. Resistance: A rush of hormones put your body into "resistance" mode to cope with the stressor (above normal functioning)
  3.  Exhaustion: Your body's hormonal reserves are depleted, and your body enters exhaustion



Personality type marked by competitive, impatient, motivated, aggressive, and reactive traits

Type A


Personality type marked by more easygoing traits

Type B


Physical conditions that have a psychological, rather than physiological cause

psychophysiological illness (a.k.a. psychosomatic illness)


The study of how psychological neural and endocrine processes affect our immune system, and general well-being

Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)