Unit 8B: Emotions, Stress, and Health Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > Unit 8B: Emotions, Stress, and Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8B: Emotions, Stress, and Health Deck (19):
1

What are the three elements that contribute to emotion (and are included in the theories of emotion)

  • Physiological Arousal
  • Behavior
  • Conscious Thoughts

2

The theory that states that physiological arousal causes our emotion

James-Lange Theory

3

The theory that all three elements of emotion* occur at the same time

*(1) Emotion (2) Arousal (3) Conscious Experience

Cannon-Bard Theory

4

Theory that states that our physiological reactions and our cognitions work together to create emotion

Two-Factor Theory

5

What are the three theories of emotion and how do they explain the order of the three elements of emotion?

(E) Emotion

(C) Cognition

(P) Physiological Arousal

P: Physiological Arousal ~~ C: Cognition ~~ E: Emotion
  1. James-Lange
    • P --> E
  2. Cannon-Bard
    • P & E happen at the same time
  3. Two-Factor Theory
    • P + C --> E

6

What is the relationship between arousal and performance?

There is an optimal level of arousal for any given task, where more or less would result in reduced performance

7

Explain the difference between easy tasks and difficult tasks with respect to optimal performance

Easy tasks require more arousal for the optimal performance than do difficult tasks (which require a lower amount of arousal for optimal performance)

8

As a result of the physical arousal of watching a scary movie with another person, you actually emotionally like them more - even though their presence was unrelated to your arousal.

The Spillover Effect

9

Intense, irrational fear of a thing

Phobia

10

A method of "venting" anger through aggressive behaviors

catharsis

11

The tendency for a person to do "good" things when in a good mood

Feel-good, do-good phenomenon

12

The tendency for us to judge events or stimuli based on previous experience with similar stimuli

Adaptation-level phenomenon

13

The tendency for a person to judge their own situation against the (more negative) level of others' situations

Relative deprivation

14

The branch of psychology related to a person's physical well-being

Health Psychology

15

What is General Adaptation Syndrome?

The body responds to a stressor in three stages:

  1. Alarm: Your body goes into alarm mode (below normal functioning)
  2. Resistance: A rush of hormones put your body into "resistance" mode to cope with the stressor (above normal functioning)
  3.  Exhaustion: Your body's hormonal reserves are depleted, and your body enters exhaustion

 

16

Personality type marked by competitive, impatient, motivated, aggressive, and reactive traits

Type A

17

Personality type marked by more easygoing traits

Type B

18

Physical conditions that have a psychological, rather than physiological cause

psychophysiological illness (a.k.a. psychosomatic illness)

19

The study of how psychological neural and endocrine processes affect our immune system, and general well-being

Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)