Unit 3B,C: The Brain Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > Unit 3B,C: The Brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 3B,C: The Brain Deck (28):
1

Brain scan that measures brain activity

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

2

Brain scan that uses large magnets to create a picture of the brain

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

3

LOBES OF THE BRAIN

The blue area - controls complex thinking

Frontal Lobe

4

LOBES OF THE BRAIN

The yellow area

Parietal Lobe

5

LOBES OF THE BRAIN

The green area

Temporal Lobe

6

LOBES OF THE BRAIN

The red area - interprets visual information

Occipital Lobe

7

The area circled in red, a small "mini brain" at the bottom and back of the cerebral cortex - controls balance and reflexive movements

 

Cerebellum

Controls reflexive movements and balance

8

The "fist shaped" area within the brain which extends from the spinal cord, including the medulla, pons, and thalamus

Brainstem

9

A brain scanning technique that compares multiple MRI scans over time, and highlights the differences

In this picture - changes (active areas) shown in red

fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

10

Brain scanning technique which uses x-rays to produce an image of the brain

CT (Computed Tomography) Scan

11

The bottom part of the brainstem - controls autonomic processes such as heartbeat and breathing

Medulla

12

The middle part of the brainstem, looks like a lump

Pons

13

The top area in the brainstem, and the largest part

Is a virtual "switchboard" for the brain, directing most neuronal messages from the spinal cord to their appropriate location in the brain

Thalamus

14

The layer of tissue which connects the two hemispheres of the brain

Corpus Callosum

15

The system of brain structures that are located between the brainstem and the cerebrum

Limbic System

16

The entire outer area of the brain making up 80% of the brain's weight, includes both "grey matter" and "white matter"

Pictured with the thalamus

Cerebrum

17

The outermost layer of the cerebrum, only 1/10 of an inch thick - "grey matter"

Pictured with the entire cerebrum and thalamus

Cerebral Cortex

18

The "comma" or "seahorse" shaped organ in the limbic system, which wraps around the thalamus

Controls Memory

Hippocampus

19

Part of the limbic system, located below the thalamus

Controls rewards, body temperature, and hunger

Hypothalamus

20

The part of the limbic system which controls emotions

Amygdala

21

The band across both hemispheres of the cerebrum that control messages concerned with sending signals to the body

Pictured in blue

Motor Cortex

22

The band across both hemispheres of the cerebrum that control messages concerned with receiving signals from the body

Pictured in yellow

Sensory Cortex

23

Area in the cerebral cortex which controls the production of speech

Broca's Area

24

The area in the cerebral cortex which controls the interpretation of speech

Wernicke's Area

25

The term for damage to one of the areas of the brain involved in the interpretation or creation of language (Broca's or Wernicke's Areas)

Aphasia

(Broca's Aphasia would make a person unable to create speech)

Wernicke's Aphasia would make a person unable to understand language)

26

The name for siblings who shared the same womb environment

Fraternal Twins

27

When a single fertilized egg splits into two embryos, both of which are genetically identical

Monozygotic ("Identical") Twins

28

How can twin studies help us in "Nature Nurture" debates

We can compare the likelihood of certain traits in fraternal twins and identical twins, and any differences would be linked with genetic (nature) elements