Unit 1: History and Approaches Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > Unit 1: History and Approaches > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1: History and Approaches Deck (28):
1

What did Socrates and Plato believe about the mind and body?

They believed that the mind and body are separate, and that the mind can continue existing after the body dies.

2

The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation

Empiricism

3

School of psychology that used introspection to explore the mind

Structuralism

4

School of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes are function in an evolutionary sense

Functionalism

5

The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method

Experimental psychology

6

The view that psychology should
(1) be an objective science
(2) study only behavior, not abstract thoughts

Behaviorism

7

Branch of psychology that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people

Humanistic Psychology

8

The science of behavior and mental processes

Psychology

9

Integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and sociological levels of analysis

Biopsychosocial Approach

10

Branch of psychology which studies links between biological processes and mental processes

Biological Psychology

11

Branch of psychology which studies the link between human adaptations to environmental stimuli over time and our current psychological state

Evolutionary Psychology

12

The branch of psychology concerned with how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior

Psychodynamic Perspective

13

The branch of psychology concerned with mental activities, including thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating

Cognitive Psychology

14

The branch of psychology concerned with how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking

Social-Cultural Psychology

15

Psychologist who started the "structuralist" school of psychology

Edward Titschener

16

Psychologist who started the "functionalist" school of psychology

William James

17

Psychologist who started psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud

18

What is the "nature-nurture" debate?

The controversial divide over the importance of genetic (nature) and environmental factors (nurture) in human traits or behaviors.

19

What does John Locke's term "Tabula Rasa" mean?

"Blank Slate" - the idea that humans are born *without* inherent knowledge, that all knowledge is *learned*

20

What is the name of a psychologist that has a medical degree and can prescribe drugs?

Psychiatrist

21

What is the type of psychologist with a PhD that counsels people with more severe mental disorders (e.g. Schizophrenia, Major Depression), but cannot prescribe drugs?

Clinical Psychologist

22

Name of psychologist that helps people improve their functioning, and works with moderate mental disorders (e.g. Alcoholism, Depression, Anxiety) - typically has a master's degree, and has acquired a licence to practice.

Counseling Psychologist

23

Branch of psychology dedicated to the creation, administration and interpretation of tests that measure human traits or abilities.

Psychometrics

24

Type of psychologist that studies how humans can most efficiently interact and create in a workplace, usually with a masters or PhD level degree

Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychologist

25

Branch of psychology that defined the word psychology as "the study of *observable* behavior"

Behavioral Psychology

26

Man who created the first psychology lab

Wilhelm Wundt

27

Primary psychologists associated with behavioral psychology

John Watson / B.F. Skinner / Ivan Pavlov

28

The belief that the "mind" (spirit), and body are separate entities, and that after death, the mind continues to exist.

Dualism