Unit 8A: Motivation Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > Unit 8A: Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8A: Motivation Deck (17):
1

A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal

Motivation

2

A behavior that is fixed and has not been learned

Instinct

3

Psychological "needs" create an aroused state. Humans have motivation to reduce that state of arousal, which drives our behavior toward this goal.

Drive-reduction theory

(e.g. lack of food makes us hungry (arousal), and we are motivated to reduce this arousal by eating)

4

The non-aroused state of existence within the drive-reduction theory of motivation

Homeostasis

5

Positive or negative stimuli that attract or repel us (e.g. rewards and/or punishments)

Incentive

6

The pyramid-shaped diagram of human motivational incentives - with the most fundamental needs at the bottom, and the more abstract "Self-Actualization" at the top

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

7

What are the five levels of Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?

1. Physiological Needs (Hunger, Thirst, Sleep, Breathing...)
2. Safety Needs (Health, Employment...)
3. Love/Belonging (Friendship, Family...)
4. Esteem (Self-Esteem, Confidence, Achievement)
5. Self-Actualization (Morality, Creativity, Spontaneity)

8

Abraham Maslow's term for realizing and living up to our full potential

Self-Actualization

9

The sugar in our body that regulates our sense of "hunger"

Glucose

10

Hormone secreted by the pancreas that regulates the amount of glocuse in the body

Insulin

11

The natural weight level of an organism. If weight drops below this level, the metabolism slows down, if it moves above this level, metabolism speeds up

Set point

12

The rate of energy expenditure for maintaining basic body functions when the body is at rest

Basal metabolic rate

13

Eating disorder in which a person:
(a) refuses to maintain at least 85% of a normal body weight
(b) has a severe fear of gaining weight

Anorexia Nervosa

14

Eating disorder in which a person typically:
(a) Eats more than a normal meal in one sitting
(b) Removes the food through a "purge" (vomiting or the use of exercise)
(c) Is not underweight (usually normal or slightly overweight)

Bulimia Nervosa

15

Eating disorder in which a person:
(a) Eats significantly more than a normal meal in one sitting
(b) Does not purge

Binge-Eating Disorder

16

Hormones that contribute to female sex characteristics - peaks during ovulation

Estrogen

17

Hormones that contribute to male sex characteristics

Testosterone