Uterine Leomyomata Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Uterine Leomyomata Deck (16):
0

Most common reason for hysterectomy in the US? Most common symptom? Hysterectomy performed in which patients?

Symptomatic uterine fibroids; menorrhagia;

Systematic fibroids that are refractory to medical therapy

1

Exam findings consistent with uterine fibroids? Consistent with ovarian mass?

Irregular midline mass continuous with the cervix

Lateral mass apart from the cervix

2

Patient with menorrhagia - consider?

Metrorrhagia?

Fibroids

Endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial polyp, uterine cancer, uterine fibroids

3

Type of fibroid that impinges on Uterine cavity?

Submucosal

4

Types of fibroids?

1. Subserosal
2. Intramural
3. Sub mucosal
4. Pedunculated
5. Cervical
6. Prolapsed

5

Carneous degeneration? aka?

Changes of the fibroid due to rapid growth – Center becomes a red and causes pain

Red degeneration

6

Signs of a leiomyosarcoma? Risk factor?

Rapid growth (increase of more than six weeks gestational size in one year)

Radiation the pelvis

7

Signs of prolapsed fibroid?

Labor-like contractions and pain

8

Differential diagnosis for fibroids?

1. Ovarian masses
2. Tubo-ovarian masses
3. Pelvic kidney
4. Endometrioma

9

Initial treatment for fibroids?

Other tx?

NSAIDs or progestin

1. GnRH agonist
2. Hysterectomy if future pregnancy undesired
3. Myomectomy if future pregnancy desired
4. Uterine artery embolization

10

GnRH agonist – used for? Time course? downside? Use when?

GnRH agonist (take three months but after cessation, fibroids will regrow)

Tumor shrinkage or correction of anemia prior to operative treatment

11

Uterine artery embolization?

Cannulizing femoral artery and infusing embolization particles into uterine arteries (to float into fibroid vessels) leading to fibroid infarction

12

Type of fibroids associated with recurrent abortion? Why?

Submucosal – altered endometrium, and insufficient vasculature

13

Fibroids may present with severe pain if?

Twists on pedicle

14

Patient with myomectomy gets pregnant – concern?

Uterine rupture – delivered via C-section

15

Progestins and GnRH agonists stop being effective for fibroids when?

When Leiomyomas degenerate into leiomyosarcomas