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Flashcards in vocabulary a-c Deck (491):
1

abandon

total lack of inhibition

2

abase

to humble, disgrace

3

abatement

decrease, reduction

4

abdicate

to give up a positon, right, or power

5

aberration

something different from the usual or normal

6

abet

to aid, act as accomplice

7

abeyance

temporary suppression or suspension

8

abhor

to loathe, detest

9

abject

miserable, pitiful

10

abjure

to reject, abandon formally

11

ablution

act of cleansing

12

abnegate

to deny, renounce

13

abolitionist

one who opposes the practice of slavery

14

abortive

interrupted while incomplete

15

abridge

to condense, shorten

16

abrogate

to abolish or invalidate by authority

17

abscond

to depart secretly

18

absolve

to forgive, free from blame

19

abstemious

moderate in appetite

20

abstract

theoretical; complex, difficult

21

abstruse

difficult to comprehend

22

accede

to express approval; agree to

23

accessible

attainable, available; approachable

24

accessory

attachment, ornament; accomplice, partner

25

accolade

praise, distinction

26

accost

to approach and speak to someone

27

accretion

growth in size or increase in amount

28

accrue

to accumulate, grow by additions

29

acerbic

bitter, sharp in taste or temper

30

acme

highest point; summit

31

acquiesce

to agree, comply quietly

32

acquittal

release from blame

33

acrid

harsh, bitter

34

acrimony

bitterness, animosity

35

acuity

sharpness

36

acumen

sharpness of insight

37

acute

sharp, pointed

38

adage

old saying or proverb

39

adament

uncompromising, unyielding

40

adapt

to accommodate, adjust

41

adhere

to cling or follow without deviation

42

adjacent

next to

43

adjunct

something added, attached, or joined

44

admonish

to caution or reprimand

45

adroit

skillful, accomplished, highly competent

46

adulation

high praise

47

adulterate

to corrupt or make impure

48

adumbrate

to sketch, outline in a shadowy way

49

advantageous

favorable, useful

50

adversarial

antagonistic, competitive

51

adverse

unfavorable, unlucky, harmful

52

aerial

having to do with the air

53

aerie

nook or nest built high in the air

54

aerodynamic

relating to objects moving through the air

55

aesthetic

pertaining to beauty or art

56

affable

friendly, easy to approach

57

affected (adj)

pretentious, phony

58

affinity

fondness, liking; similarity

59

affluent

rich, abundant

60

affront (n)

personal offense, insult

61

agenda

plan, schedule

62

aggrandize

to make larger or greater in power

63

aggregate (n)

collective mass or sum; total

64

aggrieve

to afflict, distress

65

agile

well- coordinated, nimble

66

agitation

commotion, excitement; uneasiness

67

agnostic

one doubting that people can know God

68

agrarian

relating to farming or rural matters

69

alacrity

cheerful willingness, eagerness; speed

70

alchemy

medieval chemical philosophy based on changing metal into gold

71

algorithm

mechanical problem solving procedure

72

alias

assumed name

73

alienated

distanced, estranged

74

aligned

precisely adjusted; commited to one side or party

75

allay

to lessen, ease, or soothe

76

allegory

symbolic representation

77

alleviate

to relieve, improve partially

78

alliteration

repetition of the beginning sounds of words

79

allocation

allowance, portion, share

80

allure (v)

to entice by charm; attract

81

allusion

indirect reference

82

allusiveness

quality of making many indirect references

83

aloof

detached, indifferent

84

altercation

noisy dispute

85

altruism

unselfish concern for other's welfare

86

amalgam

mixture, combination, alloy

87

ambidextrous

able to use both hands equally well

88

ambiguous

uncertain; subject to multiple interpretations

89

ambivalence

attitude of uncertainty; conflicting emotions

90

ameliorate

to make better, improve

91

amenable

agreeable, cooperative

92

amend

to improve or correct flaws in

93

amenity

pleasantness; something increasing comfort

94

amiable

friendly, agreeable

95

amity

friendship

96

amoral

unprincipled, unethical

97

amorous

strongly attrached to love; showing love

98

amorphous

having no definite form

99

amortize

to diminish by installment payments

100

amphibian (n)

creature equally at home on land or in water

101

amphitheater

arena theater with rising tiers around a central open space

102

ample

abundant, plentiful

103

amplify

to increase, intensify

104

amulet

ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits

105

anachronism

something chronologically inappropriate

106

anachronistic

outdated

107

analogous

comparable, parallel

108

anarchy

absence of government or law; chaos

109

anathema

ban, curse; something shunned or disliked

110

ancillary

accessory, subordinate, helping

111

anecdote

short, usually funny account of an event

112

angular

characterized by sharp angles; lean and gaunt

113

animation

enthusiasm, excitement

114

animosity

hatred, hostility

115

annul

to cancel, nullify, declare void, or make legally invalid

116

anodyne

something that calms or soothes pain

117

anoint

to apply oil to, esp. as a sacred rite

118

anomaly

irregularity or deviation from the norm

119

anonymity

condition of having no name or an unknown name

120

antagonist

foe, opponent, adversary

121

antecedent (adj)

coming before in place or time

122

antediluvian

prehistoric, ancient beyond measure

123

antepenultimate

third from last

124

anterior

preceding, previous, before, prior (to)

125

anthology

collection of literary works

126

anthropomorphic

attributing human qualities to non-humans

127

antipathy

dislike, hostility; extreme opposition or adversion

128

antiquity

ancient times; the qualit of being old or ancient

129

antithesis

exact opposite or direct contrast

130

apathetic

indifferent, unconcerned

131

apathy

lack of feeling or emotion

132

aphasia

inability to speak or use words

133

aphelion

point in a planet's orbit that is farthest from the sun

134

aphorism

old saying or short pithy statement

135

apocryphal

not genuine; fictional

136

apostate (n)

one who renounces a religious faith

137

apostrophe

speech to the reader or someone not present

138

apotheosis

glorification; glorified ideal

139

appease

to satisfy, placate, calm, pacify

140

approbation

praise; official approval

141

appropriate (v)

to take possession of

142

aquatic

belonging or living in water

143

arable

suitable for cultivation

144

arbitrary

depending soley on individual will; inconsistent

145

arbitrator

mediator, negotiator

146

arboreal

relating to trees; living in trees

147

arboretum

place where trees are displayed and studied

148

arcane

secret, obscure, known only to a few

149

archaic

antiquated, from an earlier time; outdated

150

archipelago

large group of islands

151

ardent

passionate, enthusiastic, fervent

152

ardor

great emotion or passion

153

arduous

extremely difficult, laborious

154

arid

extremely dry or deathly boring

155

arraign

to call to court to answer a charge

156

arrogate

to demand, claim arrogantly

157

arsenal

ammunition storehouse

158

articulate (adj)

well-spoken, expressing oneself clearly

159

artifact

historical relic, item made by human craft

160

artisan

craftsperson; expert

161

ascend

to rise or climb

162

ascendancy

state of rising, ascending; power or control

163

ascertain

to determine, discover, make certain of

164

ascetic (adj)

self-denying, abstinent, austere

165

ascribe

to attribute to, assign

166

ashen

resembling ashes; deathly pale

167

askew

crooked, tilted

168

aspersion

false rumor, damaging report, slander

169

aspire

to have great hopes; to aim at a goal

170

assail

to attack, assault

171

assent (v)

to express argument

172

assert

to affirm, attest

173

assiduous

diligent, persistent, hard-working

174

assignation

appointment for lovers' meeting; assignment

175

assimilation

act of blending in, becoming similar

176

assonance

resemblance in sound, especially in vowel sounds; partially rhyme

177

assuage

to make less severe, ease, relieve

178

astringent

harsh, severe, stern

179

astute

having good judgment

180

asunder (adv)

into different parts

181

asymmetrical

not corresponding in size, shape, position, etc.

182

atone

to make amends for a wrong

183

atrocious

monstrous, shockingly bad, wicked

184

atrophy (v)

to waste away, wither from disuse

185

attain

to accomplish, gain

186

attenuate

to make thin or slender; weaken

187

attest

to testify, stand as proof of, bear witness

188

audacious

bold, daring, fearless

189

audible

capable of being heard

190

audit (n)

formal examination of financial records

191

auditory

having to do with hearing

192

augment

to expand, extend

193

augury (adj)

prophecy, prediction of events

194

august

dignified, awe-inspiring, venerable

195

auspicious

having favorable prospects, promising

196

austere

stern, strict, unadorned

197

authoritarian

extremely strict, bossy

198

autocrat

dictator

199

autonomous

separate, independent

200

auxiliary

supplementary, reserve

201

avarice

greed

202

avenge

to retaliate, take revenge for an injury or crime

203

aver

to declare to be true, affirm

204

aversion

intense dislike

205

avert

to turn (something) away; prevent

206

aviary

large enclosure housing birds

207

avow

to state openly or declare

208

awry

crooked, askew, amiss

209

axiom

premise, postulate, self- evident truth

210

baleful

harmful, with evil intentions

211

balk (v)

to refuse, shirk; prevent

212

ballad

folk song, narrative poem

213

balm

soothing, healing influence

214

ban (v)

to forbid, outlaw

215

banal

trite and overly common

216

bane

something causing ruin, death, or destruction

217

banter

playful conversation

218

bastion

fortification, stronghold

219

bay (v)

to bark, especially in a deep, prolonged way

220

becalm

to make calm or still; keep motionless by lack of wind

221

becloud

to confuse; darken with clouds

222

beguile

to decieve, mislead; charm

223

behemoth

huge creature

224

belabor

to insist repeatedly or harp on

225

belated

late

226

beleaguer

to harass, plague

227

belfry

bell tower room in which a bell is hung

228

belie

to misrepresent; expose as false

229

belittle

to represent as unimportant, make light of

230

bellicose

warlike, aggressive

231

belligerent

hostile, tending to fight

232

bellow

to roar, shout

233

bemuse

to confuse, stupefy; plunge deep into thought

234

benchmark

standard of measure

235

benefactor

someone giving aid or money

236

beneficent

kindly, charitable; doing good deeds; producing good effects

237

benighted

unenlightened

238

benign

kindly, gentle or harmless

239

bequeath

to give or leave through a will; to hand down

240

berate

to scold harshly

241

beseech

to beg, plead, implore

242

bestial

beastly, animal-like

243

bestow

to give as a gift

244

betoken

to indicate, signify, give evidence of

245

bevy

group

246

bias

prejudice, slant

247

bibliography

list of books

248

bibliophile

book lover

249

bilateral

two-sided

250

bilk

to cheat, defraud

251

billet

board and lodging for troops

252

biped

two- footed animals

253

bisect

to cut into two (unequally equal) parts

254

blanch

to pale; take the color out of

255

blandish

to coax with flattery

256

blasphemous

cursing, profane, irreverent

257

blatant

glaring, obvious, showy

258

blight (v)

to afflict, destroy

259

blithe

joyful, cheerful, or without appropriate thought

260

bludgeon

to hit as with a short heavy club

261

boisterous

rowdy, loud, unrestrained

262

bombastic

using high-sounding but meaningless language

263

bonanza

extremely large amount; something profitable

264

bonhomie

good-natured geniality; atmosphere of good cheer

265

boon

blessing, something to be thankful for

266

boor

crude person, one lacking manners or taste

267

botanist

scientist who studies plants

268

bountiful

plentiful

269

bourgeois

middle-class

270

bovine

cow-like; related to cows

271

brazen

bold, shameless, impudent; of or like brass

272

breach

act of breaking, violation

273

brigand

bandit, outlaw

274

broach

to mention or suggest for the first time

275

brusque

rough and abrupt in manner

276

buffet (v)

to strike, hit

277

buffoon

clown or fool

278

bulwark

defense wall; anything serving as defense

279

burgeon

to sprout or flourish

280

burly

brawny, husky

281

burnish

to polish, make smooth and bright

282

bursar

treasurer

283

bustle

commotion, energetic activity

284

butt

person or thing that is object of ridicule

285

buttress (v)

to reinforce or support

286

byway

back road

287

cacophonous

jarring, unpleastanly noisy

288

cadence

rhythmic flow of poetry; marching beat

289

cajole

to flatter, coax, persuade

290

calamitous

disastrous, catastrophic

291

callous

thick-skinned, insensitive

292

callow

immature, lacking sophistication

293

calumny

false and malicious accusation, misrepresentation, slander

294

candor

honesty of expression

295

canny

smart; founded on common sense

296

canonize

to declare a person a saint; raise to highest honors

297

canvass

to examine thoroughly; conduct a poll

298

capacious

large, roomy; extensive

299

capitulate

to submit completely, surrender

300

capricious

impulsive, whimsical, without much thought

301

cardiologist

physician specializing in diseases of the heart

302

caricature

exaggerated portrait, cartoon

303

carnal

of the flesh

304

carnivorous

meat-eating

305

carp (v)

to find fault, complain constantly

306

cartography

science or art of making maps

307

cast (n)

copy, replica

308

cast (v)

to fling, to throw

309

castigate

to punish, chastise, criticize severely

310

catalyst

something causing change without being changed

311

categorical

absolute, without exception

312

catharsis

purification, cleansing

313

catholic

universal; broad and comprehensive

314

caucus

smaller group within an organization; a meeting of such a group

315

caulk

to make watertight

316

causality

cause and effect relationship

317

caustic

biting, sarcastic; able to burn

318

cavalier (adj)

carefree, happy; with lordly disdain

319

cavort

to frolic, frisk

320

cede

to surrender possession of something

321

celebrity

fame, widespread acclaim

322

censorious

severely critical

323

centripetal

directed or moving toward the ceneter

324

certitude

assurance, certainty

325

cessation

temporary or complete halt

326

cession

act of surrendering something

327

chagrin

shame, embarrassment, humiliation

328

chalice

goblet, cup

329

champion (v)

to defend or support

330

chaotic

extremely disorderly

331

charlatan

quack, fake

332

chary

watchful, cautious, extremely shy

333

chastise

to punish, discipline, scold

334

cherubic

sweet, innocent, resembling a cherub angel

335

chicanery

trickery, fraud, deception

336

chide

to scold, express disapproval

337

chimerical

fanciful, imaginary, visionary, impossible

338

choleric

easily angered, short- tempered

339

choice (adj)

specially selected, preferred

340

chortle

to chuckle

341

chromatic

relating to color

342

chronicler

one who keeps records of historical events

343

circuitous

roundabout

344

circumference

boundary or distance around a circle or sphere

345

circumlocution

roundabout, lengthy way of saying something

346

circumnavigate

to sail completely around

347

circumscribe

to encircle; set limits on, confine

348

circumspect

cautious, wary

349

circumvent

to go around; avoid

350

cistern

tank for rainwater

351

citadel

fortress or stronghold

352

civil

polite; relating to citizens

353

civility

courtesy, politeness

354

clairvoyant (adj)

having ESP, psychic

355

clamor (v)

to make a noisy outcry

356

clamor (n)

noisy outcry

357

clandestine

secretive, concealed for a darker purpose

358

clarity

clearness; clear understanding

359

claustrophobia

fear of small, confined places

360

cleave

to split or separate OR to stick, cling, adhere

361

clemency

merciful leniency

362

cloister (v)

to confine, seclude

363

coagulate

to clot or change from a liquid to a solid

364

coalesce

to grow together or cause to unite as one

365

coddle

to baby, treat indulgently

366

coerce

to compel by force or intimidation

367

coffer

strongbox, large chest for money

368

cogent

logically forceful, compelling, convincing

369

cognate

related, similar, akin

370

cognition

mental process by which knowledge is acquired

371

cognomen

family name; any name, especially a nickname

372

cohabit

to live together

373

coherent

intelligible, lucid, understandable

374

collateral

accompanying

375

colloquial

characteristic of informal speech

376

colloquy

dialogue or conversation, conference

377

collusion

collaboration, complicity, conspiracy

378

comeliness

physical grace and beauty

379

commend

to compliment, praise

380

commensurate

proportional

381

commission

fee payable to an agent; authorization

382

commodious

roomy, spacious

383

commonplace

ordinary, found every day

384

communicable

transmittable

385

commute

to change a penalty to a less severe one

386

compatriot

fellow countryman

387

compelling (adj)

having a powerful and irresistible effect

388

compensate

to repay or reimburse

389

complacent

self-satisfied, smug, affable

390

complement

to complete, perfect

391

compliant

submissive and yielding

392

complicity

knowing partnership in wrongdoing

393

compound (adj)

complex; composed of several parts

394

compound (v)

to combine, add to

395

compress (v)

to reduce, squeeze

396

compulsive

obsessive, fanatic

397

compunction

feeling of uneasiness caused by guilt or regret

398

concave

curving inward

399

concede

to yield, admit

400

conceptualize

to envision, imagine

401

concerto

musical composition for orchestra and soloist(s)

402

conciliatory

overcoming distrust or hostility

403

concord

agreement

404

concur

to agree

405

condone

to pardon or forgive; overlook, justify, or excuse a fault

406

conduit

tube, pipe, or small passage

407

confection

something sweet to eat

408

confiscate

to appropriate, seize

409

conflagration

big, destructive fire

410

confluence

meeting place; meeting of two streams

411

confound

to baffle, perplex

412

congeal

to become thick or solid, as a liquid freezing

413

congenial

similar in tastes and habits

414

congenital

existing since birth

415

conglomerate

collected group of varied things

416

congress

formal meeting or assembly

417

congruity

correspondence, harmony, agreement

418

conjecture

speculation, prediction

419

conjugal

pertaining to marriage

420

conjure

to evoke a spirit, cast a spell

421

connive

to conspire, scheme

422

consanguineous

of the same origin; related by blood

423

conscientious

governed by conscience; careful and thorough

424

consecrate

to declare sacred; dedicate to a goal

425

consensus

unanimity, agreement of opinion or attitude

426

consign

to commit, entrust

427

consolation

something providing comfort or solace for a loss or hardship

428

consolidate

to combine, incorporate

429

consonant (adj)

consistent with, in agreement with

430

constituent

component, part; citizen, voter

431

constrained

forced, compelled; confined, restrained

432

constraint

something that forces or compels; something which restrains or confines

433

construe

to explain or interpret

434

consummate (adj)

accomplished, complete, perfect

435

consummate (v)

to complete, fulfill

436

contend

to battle, clash; compete

437

contentious

quarrelsome, disagreeable, belligerent

438

continence

self control, self restraint

439

contravene

to contradict, deny, act contrary to

440

contrite

deeply sorrowful and repentant for a wrong

441

contusion

bruise

442

conundrum

riddle, puzzle or problem with no solution

443

convalescence

gradual recovery after an illness

444

convene

to meet, come together, assemble

445

conventional

typical, customary, commonplace

446

convex

curved outward

447

convivial

sociable; fond of eating, drinking, and people

448

convoke

to call together, summon

449

convoluted

twisted, complicated, involved

450

copious

abundant, plentiful

451

coquette

woman who flirts

452

corporeal

having to do with the body; tangible, material

453

corpulence

obesity. fatness, bulkiness

454

correlation

association, mutual relation of two or more things

455

corroborate

to confirm, verify

456

corrugate

to mold in a shape with parallel grooves and ridges

457

cosmetic (adj)

relating to beauty; affecting the surface of something

458

cosmography

science that deals with the nature of the universe

459

cosmopolitan

sophisticated, free from local prejudices

460

cosset

to pamper, treat with great care

461

coterie

small group of persons with a similar purpose

462

countenance (n)

facial expression; look of approval or support

463

countenance (v)

to favor, support

464

countermand

to annul, cancel, make a contrary order

465

countervail

to counteract, to exert force against

466

coven

group of witches

467

covert

hidden; secret

468

covet

to desire strongly something possessed by another

469

crass

crude, unrefined

470

craven

cowardly

471

credence

acceptance of something as true or real

472

credible

plausible, believable

473

credulous

gullible, trusting

474

creed

statement of belief or principle

475

crescendo

gradual increase in volume of sound

476

criterion

standard for judging, rule for testing

477

cryptic

puzzling

478

cuisine

characteristic style of cooking

479

culmination

climax, final stage

480

culpable

guilty, responsible for wrong

481

culprit

guilty person

482

cumulative

resulting from gradual increase

483

cupidity

greed

484

curator

caretaker and overseer of an exhibition, esp. in a museum

485

curmudgeon

cranky person

486

cursory

hastily done, superficial

487

curt

abrupt, blunt

488

curtail

to shorten

489

cutlery

cutting instruments; tableware

490

cygnet

young swan

491

cynic

person who distrusts the motives of others