vocabulary m-o Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in vocabulary m-o Deck (191):
1

machination

plot or scheme

2

macrobiotics

art of prolonging life by special diet of organic non-meat substances

3

macrocosm

system regarded as an entity with subsystems

4

maelstrom

whirlpool; turmoil; agitated state of mind

5

magnanimous

generous, noble in spirit

6

magnate

powerful or influential person

7

magnitude

extent, greatness of size

8

maladroit

clumsy, tactless

9

malady

illness

10

malapropism

humorous misuse of a word

11

malcontent

discontented person, one who holds a grudge

12

malediction

curse

13

malefactor

evil-doer; culprit

14

malevolent

ill-willed; causing evil or harm to others

15

malfunction (v)

to fail to work

16

malfunction (n)

breakdown, failure

17

malice

animosity, spite, hatred

18

malinger

to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill

19

malnutrition

under-nourishment

20

malodorous

foul-smelling

21

mandatory

necessary, required

22

manifest (adj)

obvious

23

manifold

diverse, varied, comprised of many parts

24

mannered

artificial or stilted in character

25

manual (adj)

hand-operated; physical

26

mar

to damage, deface; spoil

27

marginal

barely sufficient

28

maritime

relating to the sea or sailing

29

martial

war-like, pertaining to the military

30

martinet

strict disciplinarian, one who rigidly follows rules

31

martyr

person dying for his/her beliefs

32

masochist

one who enjoys pain or humiliation

33

masquerade

disguise; action that conceals the truth

34

materialism

preoccupation with material things

35

matriculate

to enroll as a member of a college or university

36

matrilineal

tracing ancestry through mother's line rather than father's

37

maudlin

overly sentimental

38

mawkish

sickeningly sentimental

39

meddler

person interfering in others' affairs

40

medieval

relating to the Middle Ages

41

megalith

huge stone used in prehistoric structures

42

megalomania

mental state with delusions of wealth and power

43

melancholy

sadness, depression

44

melody

pleasing musical sounds; tune

45

menagerie

various animals kept together for exhibition

46

mendacious

dishonest

47

mendicant

beggar

48

mentor

experienced teacher and wise adviser

49

mercenary (n)

soldier for hire in foreign countries

50

mercenary (adj)

motivated only by greed

51

mercurial

quick, shrewd, and unpredictable

52

meretricious

gaudy, falsely attractive

53

meridian

circle passing through the two poles of the earth

54

meritorious

deserving reward or praise

55

metamorphosis

change, transformation

56

metaphor

figure of speech comparing two different things

57

meticulous

extremely careful, fastidious, painstaking

58

metronome

time-keeping device used in music

59

mettle

courageousness; endurance

60

microbe

microorganism

61

microcosm

tiny system used as analogy for larger system

62

migratory

wandering from place to place with the seasons

63

militate

to operate against, work against

64

minimal

smallest in amount, least possible

65

minuscule

very small

66

mirth

frivolity, gaiety, laughter

67

misanthrope

person who hates human beings

68

misapprehend

to misunderstand, fail to know

69

misconstrue

to misunderstand, fail to discover

70

miserliness

extreme stinginess

71

misgiving

apprehension, doubt, sense of foreboding

72

mishap

accident; misfortune

73

misnomer

an incorrect name or designation

74

missive

note or letter

75

mitigate

to soften, or make milder

76

mnemonic

relating to memory; designed to assist memory

77

mobility

ease of movement

78

mock (v)

to deride, ridicule

79

moderate (adj)

reasonable, not extreme

80

moderate (v)

to make less excessive, retrain; regulate

81

mollify

to calm or make less severe

82

mollusk

sea animal with soft body

83

molt (v)

to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically

84

monastic

extremely plain or secluded, as in a monastery

85

monochromatic

having one color

86

monogamy

custom of marriage to one person at a time

87

monolith

large block of stone

88

monologue

dramatic speech performed by one actor

89

montage

composite picture

90

moot

debatable; previously decided

91

morbid

gruesome; relating to disease; abnormally gloomy

92

mores

customs or manners

93

moribund

dying, decaying

94

morose

gloomy, sullen, or surly

95

morsel

small bit of food

96

mote

small particle, speck

97

motley

many-colored; composed of diverse parts

98

mottle

to mark with spots

99

multifaceted

having many parts, many- sided

100

multifarious

diverse

101

mundane

worldly; commonplace

102

munificent

generous

103

munitions

ammunition

104

mutability

changeability

105

myopic

near-sighted

106

myriad

immense number, multitude

107

nadir

lowest point

108

narrative

account, story

109

nascent

starting to develop, coming into existence

110

natal

relating to birth

111

nebulous

vague, cloudy

112

necromancy

black magic

113

nefarious

vicious, evil

114

negligent

careless, inattentive

115

negligible

not worth considering

116

neologism

new word or expression

117

neonate

newborn child

118

neophyte

novice, beginner

119

nether

located under or below

120

nettle (v)

to irritate

121

neutrality

disinterest, impartiality

122

neutralize

to balance, offset

123

nicety

elegant or delicate feature; minute distinction

124

niche

recess in a wall; best position for something

125

nihilism

belief that existence and all traditional values are meaningless

126

nocturnal

pertaining to night; active at night

127

noisome

stinking, putrid

128

nomadic

moving from place to place

129

nomenclature

term used in a particular science or discipline

130

nominal

existing in name only; negligible

131

non sequitur

conclusion not following from apparent evidence

132

nondescript

lacking interesting or distinctive qualities; dull

133

notoriety

fame; unfavorable fame

134

novice

apprentice, beginner

135

novitiate

beginner or novice

136

noxious

harmful, unwholesome

137

nuance

shade of meaning

138

nullify

to make legally invalid; to counteract the effect of

139

numismatics

coin collecting

140

nuptial

relating to marriage

141

nutritive

relating to nutrition or health

142

obdurate

stubborn

143

obfuscate

to confuse, obscure

144

oblique

indirect, evasive; misleading, devious

145

obliterate

demolish completely, wipe out

146

oblivious

unaware, inattentive

147

obscure (adj)

dim, unclear; not well-known

148

obscurity

place or thing that's hard to percieve

149

obsequious

overly submissive, brown nosing

150

obsequy

funeral ceremony

151

obsessive

preoccupying, all-consuming

152

obsolete

no longer in use

153

obstinate

stubborn

154

obstreperous

troublesome, boisterous, unruly

155

obtrusive

pushy, too conspicuous

156

obtuse

insensitive, stupid, dull

157

obviate

to make unnecessary; to anticipate and prevent

158

occlude

to shut, block

159

odious

hateful, contemptible

160

officious

too helpful, meddlesome

161

offshoot

branch

162

ominous

menacing, threatening, indicating misfortune

163

omnipotent

having unlimited power

164

omniscient

having infinite knowledge

165

omnivorous

eating everything; absorbing everything

166

onerous

burdensome

167

ontology

theory about the nature of existence

168

opalescent

iridescent, displaying colors

169

opaque

impervious to light; difficult to understand

170

operative

functioning, working

171

opine

to express an opinion

172

opportune

appropriate, fitting

173

opportunist

one who takes advantage of circumstances

174

opprobrious

disgraceful, contemptuous

175

opulence

wealth

176

oracle

person who forsees the future and gives advice

177

oration

lecture, formal speech

178

orator

lecturer, speaker

179

orb

spherical body; eye

180

orchestrate

to arrange music for performance; to coordinate, organize

181

ordain

to make someone a priest or minister; to order

182

ornithologist

scientist who studies birds

183

oscillate

to move back and forth

184

ossify

to turn to bone; to become rigid

185

ostensible

apparent

186

ostentatious

showy

187

ostracism

exclusion, temporary banishment

188

ouster

expulsion, ejection

189

overstate

to embellish, exaggerate

190

overture

musical introduction; proposal, offer

191

overwrought

agitated, overdone