ochem chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ochem chapter 1 Deck (14):
1

nomenclature

the set of accepted conventions for naming compounds

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alkanes

are the simplest organic molecules, consisting only of carbon and hydrogen atoms held together by single bonds. Ending in -ane

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cycloalkanes

alkanes can form rings. They are named accordng to the number of carbon atoms in the ring with the prefix cyclo-

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alkenes

(or olefins) are compounds containing carbon-carbon double bonds. Ending in -ene

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cycloalkenes

are named like cycloalkanes but with the suffix -ene rather than -ane

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alkynes

are compounds that possess carbon-carbon triple bonds. Suffix of -yne

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acetylene

the common name for ethyne

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diols

molecules with two hydroxyl groups and are named with the suffix -diol

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vicinal

diols with hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbons

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geminal

diols with hydroxyl groups on the same carbon

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ethers

are named as derivatives of alkanes, and the larger alkyl group is chosen as the backbone

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aldehydes

are named according to the longest chain containing the aldehyde functional group

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ketones

are named analogously, with -one as a suffix

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carboxylic acids

are named with the ending -oic and the word acid replacing the -e ending of the corresponding alkane