vocabulary d-f Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in vocabulary d-f Deck (374):
1

daunt

to discourage, intimidate

2

dearth

lack, scarcity, insufficiency

3

debase

to degrade or lower in quality or stature

4

debauch

to corrupt, seduce from virtue or duty; indulge

5

debilitate

to weaken, enfeeble

6

debunk

to discredit, disprove

7

debutante

young woman making debut in high society

8

decapitate

to behead

9

decathlon

athletic contest with ten events

10

deciduous

losing leaves in the fall; short-lived, temporary

11

declivity

downward slope

12

decorous

proper, tasteful, socially correct

13

decorum

proper behavior, etiquette

14

decry

to belittle, openly condemn

15

deface

to mar the appearance of, vandalize

16

defamatory

slanderous, injurious to the reputation

17

defendant

person required to answer a legal action or suit

18

deferential

respectful and polite in a submissive way

19

defile

to dirty, spoil; to disgrace, dishonor

20

definitive

clear-cut, explicit or decisive

21

deflation

decrease, depreciation

22

deform

to disfigure, distort

23

deft

skillful, dexterous

24

defunct

no longer existing, dead, extinct

25

delectable

appetizing, delicious

26

delegate (v)

to give powers to another

27

deleterious

harmful, destructive, detrimental

28

delineation

depiction, representation

29

delta

tidal depositat the mouth of a river

30

deluge (n)

flood

31

deluge (v)

to submerge, overwhelm

32

demagogue

leader, rabble-rouser, usually using appeals to emotion or prejudice

33

demarcation

borderline; act of defining or marking a boundary or distinction

34

demean

to degrade, humiliate, humble

35

demographics

data relating to study of human population

36

demote

to reduce to a lower grade or rank

37

demotion

lowering in rank or grade

38

demur

to express doubts or objections

39

demystify

to remove mystery from, clarify

40

denigrate

to slur or blacken someone's reputation

41

denounce

to accuse, blame

42

denude

to make bare, uncover, undress

43

denunciation

public condemnation

44

depict

to describe, represent

45

deplete

to use up, exhaust

46

deplore

to express or feel disapproval of; regret strongly

47

deploy

to spread out strategically over an area

48

depose

to remove from a high position, as from a throne

49

depravity

sinfulness, moral corruption

50

deprecate

to belittle, disparage

51

depreciate

to lose value gradually

52

deride

to mock, ridicule, make fun of

53

derivative

copied or adapted; not original

54

derive

to originate; take from a certain source

55

derogate

to belittle, disparage

56

desecrate

to abuse something sacred

57

desiccate

to dry completely, dehydrate

58

desist

to stop doing something

59

despondent

feeling discouraged and dejected

60

despot

tyrannical ruler

61

destitute

very poor, poverty-stricken

62

desultory

at random, rambling, unmethodical

63

deter

to discourage; prevent from happening

64

determinate

having defined limits; conclusive

65

detrimental

causing harm or injury

66

deviate

to stray, wander

67

deviation

departure, exception, anomaly

68

devoid

totally lacking

69

devout

deeply religious

70

dexterous

skilled physically or mentally

71

diabolical

fiendish; wicked

72

dialect

regional style of speaking

73

diaphanous

allowing light to show through; delicate

74

diatribe

bitter verbal attack

75

dichotomy

division into two parts

76

dictum

authoritative statement; popular saying

77

didactic

excessively instructive

78

differentiate

to distinguish between two items

79

diffidence

shyness, lack of confidence

80

diffract

to cause to separate into parts, esp. light

81

diffuse

widely spread out

82

digress

to turn aside; to stray from the main point

83

dilapidated

in disrepair, run down, neglected

84

dilate

to enlarge, swell, extend

85

dilatory

slow, tending to delay

86

diluvial

relating to a flood

87

diminutive

small

88

diplomacy

discretion, tact

89

dirge

funeral hymn

90

disaffected

discontented and disloyal

91

disarray

clutter, disorder

92

disband

to break up

93

disbar

to expel from legal profession

94

disburse

to pay out

95

discern

to percieve something obscure

96

disclaim

to deny, disavow

97

disclose

to confess, divulge

98

disconcerting

bewildering, perplexing, slightly disturbing

99

discordant

harsh-sounding, badly out of tune

100

discredit

to dishonor or disgrace

101

discredited

disbelieved, discounted; disgraced, dishonored

102

discrepancy

difference between

103

discretionary

subject to one's own judgment

104

discursive

wandering from topic to topic

105

disdain

to regard with scorn and contempt

106

disdainful

contemptuous, scornful

107

disengaged

disconnected, disassociated

108

disgorge

to vomit, discharge violently

109

disheveled

untidy, disarranged, unkempt

110

disinclined

averse, unwiling, lacking desire

111

disparage

to belittle, speak disrespectfully about

112

disparate

dissimilar, different in kind

113

disparity

contrast, dissimilarity

114

dispassionate

free from emotion; impartial, unbiased

115

dispel

to drive out or scatter

116

dispense

to distribute, administer

117

dispense with

to suspend the operation of, do without

118

disperse

to break up, scatter

119

dispirit

to dishearten, make dejected

120

disrepute

disgrace, dishonor

121

dissemble

to pretend, disguise one's motives

122

disseminate

to spread far and wide

123

dissension

difference of opinion

124

dissipate

to scatter; to pursue pleasure to excess

125

dissociate

to separate; remove from an association

126

dissonant

harsh and unpleasant sounding

127

dissuade

to persuade someone to alter original intentions

128

distend

to swell, inflate, bloat

129

distraught

very worried and distressed

130

distrust (n)

disbelief and suspicion

131

dither (v)

to move or act confusedly or without clear purpose

132

diurnal

daily

133

divine (v)

to foretell or known by inspiration

134

divisive

creating disunity or conflict

135

docile

tame, willing to be taught

136

doctrinaire

rigidly devoted to theories

137

dogged (adj)

persistent, stubborn

138

dogmatic

rigidly fixed in opinion, opinionated

139

doleful

sad, mournful

140

dolt

idiot, dimwit, foolish person

141

domineer

to rule over something in a tyrannical way

142

donor

benefactor, contributor

143

dormant

at rest, inactive, in suspended animation

144

dotard

senile old person

145

doting

excessively fond, loving to excess

146

dour

sullen and gloomy; stern and severe

147

dowry

money or property given by a bride to her husband

148

draft (v)

to plan, outline; to recruit, conscript

149

drivel

stupid talk; slobber

150

droll

amusing in a wry, subtle way

151

dross

waste produced during metal smelting; garbage

152

dulcet

pleasant sounding, soothing to the ear

153

dupe (v)

to deceive, trick

154

dupe (n)

fool, pawn

155

duplicity

deception, dishonesty, double-dealing

156

durability

strength, sturdiness

157

duration

period of time that something lasts

158

duress

threat of force or intimidation; imprisonment

159

dyseptic

suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable

160

ebb (v)

to fade away, recede

161

ebullient

exhilarated, full of enthusiasm and high spirits

162

eclectic

selecting from various sources

163

ecstatic

joyful

164

eddy

air or wind current

165

edict

law, command, official public order

166

edifice

building

167

edify

to instruct morally and spiritually

168

editorialize

to express an opinion on an issue

169

efface

to erase or make illegible

170

effervescent

bubbly, lively

171

efficacious

effective, efficient

172

effigy

stuffed doll; likeness of a person

173

effluvia

outpouring of gases or vapors

174

effrontery

impudent boldness; audacity

175

effulgent

brilliantly shining

176

effusive

expressing emotion without restraint

177

egocentric

acting as if things are centered around oneself

178

egregious

conspicuously bad

179

egress

exit

180

elation

exhilaration, joy

181

elegy

mournful poem, usually about the dead

182

elicit

to draw out, provoke

183

eloquence

fluent and effective speech

184

elucidate

to explain, clarify

185

emaciated

skinny, scrawny, gaunt, esp. from hunger

186

emancipate

to set free, liberate

187

embellish

to ornament, make attractive with decoration or details; add details to a statement

188

embezzle

to steal money in violation of a trust

189

embroil

to involve in; cause to fall into disorder

190

emend

to correct a text

191

eminent

celebrated, distinguished; outstanding, towering

192

emollient

having soothing qualities, especially for skin

193

emotive

appealing to or expressing emotion

194

empathy

identification with another's feelings

195

emulate

to copy, imitate

196

encipher

to translate a message into code

197

encore

additional performance, often demanded by audience

198

encumber

to hinder, burden, restrict motion

199

endemic

belonging to a particular area, inherent

200

endurance

ability to withstand hardships

201

enervate

to weaken, sap strength from

202

engender

to produce, cause, bring about

203

enigmatic

puzzling, inexplicable

204

enjoin

to urge, order, command; forbid or prohibit, as by judicial order

205

enmity

hostility, antagonism, ill-will

206

ennui

boredom, lack of interest and energy

207

enormity

state of being gigantic or terrible

208

ensconce

to settle comfortably into a place

209

enshroud

to cover, enclose with a dark cover

210

entail

to involve as a necessary result, necessitate

211

enthrall

to captivate, enchant, enslave

212

entity

something with its own existence or form

213

entomologist

scientist who studies insects

214

entreat

to plead, beg

215

enumerate

to count, list, itemize

216

enunciate

to pronounce clearly

217

ephemeral

momentary, transient, fleeting

218

epicure

person with refined taste in food and wine

219

epigram

short, witty saying or poem

220

epigraph

quotation at the beginning of a literary work

221

epilogue

concluding section of a literary work

222

epitome

representative of an entire group; summary

223

epochal

very significant or influential; defining an epoch or time-period

224

equanimity

calmness, composure

225

equestrian (n)

one who rides on horseback

226

equine

relating to horses

227

equivocal

ambiguous, open to two interpretations

228

equivocate

to use vague or ambiguous language intentionally

229

eradicate

to erase or wipe out

230

errant

straying, mistaken, roving

231

erudite

learned, scholarly

232

eschew

to abstain from, avoid

233

esoteric

understood only by a learned few

234

espouse

to support or advocate; to marry

235

estrange

to alienate, keep at a distance

236

ethereal

not earthly, spiritual, delicate

237

ethos

beliefs or character of a group

238

etymology

origin and history of a word; study of words

239

eulogy

high praise, often in a public speech

240

euphemism

use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one

241

euphony

pleasant, harmonious sound

242

euphoria

feeling of well-being or happiness

243

eurythmics

art of harmonious bodily movement

244

euthanasia

mercy-killing; intentional, easy and painless death

245

evade

to avoid, dodge

246

evanescent

momentary, transitory, short-lived

247

evict

to put out or force out

248

evince

to show clearly, display, signify

249

evoke

to inspire memories; to produce a reaction

250

exacerbate

to aggravate, intensify the bad qualities of

251

exasperation

irritation

252

excerpt (n)

selection from a book or play

253

excommunicate

to bar from membership in the church

254

excruciating

agonizing, intensely painful

255

exculpate

to clear of blame or fault

256

execrable

utterly detestable

257

exhilaration

state of being energetic or filled with happiness

258

exhort

to urge or incite by strong appeals

259

exhume

to remove from a grave; uncover a secret

260

exigent

urgent; excessively demanding

261

exonerate

to clear of blame

262

exorbitant

extravagant, greater than reasonable

263

exorcise

to expel evil spirits

264

exotic

foreign; romatic, excitingly strange

265

expansive

sweeping, comprehensive; tending to expand

266

expatriate (n)

one who lives outside one's native land

267

expatriate (v)

to drive someone from his/her native land

268

expedient (adj)

convenient, efficient, practical

269

expiate

to atone for, make amends for

270

expire

to come to an end; dire; breathe out

271

explicable

capable of being explained

272

explicit

clearly defined, specific; forthright in expression

273

explode

to debunk, disprove; blow up, burst

274

exponent

one who champions or advocates

275

expound

to elaborate; to expand or increase

276

expunge

to erase, eliminate completely

277

expurgate

to censor

278

extemporaneous

unrehearsed, on the spur of the moment

279

extenuate

to lessen the seriousness, strength or effect of

280

extinction

end of a living thing or species

281

extol

to praise

282

extort

to obtain something by threats

283

extraneous

irrelevant, unrelated, unncessary

284

extremity

outermost or farthest point

285

extricate

to free from, disentangle, free

286

extrinsic

not inherent or essential, coming from without

287

exuberant

lively, happy, and full of good spirits

288

exude

to give off, ooze

289

exult

to rejoice

290

fabricate

to make or devise; construct

291

fabricated

constructed, invented; faked, falsified

292

facade

face, front; mask, superficial appearance

293

facile

very easy

294

facilitate

to aid, assist

295

facility

aptitude, ease in doing something

296

fallacious

wrong, unsound, illogical

297

fallow

uncultivated, unused

298

fanaticism

extreme devotion to a cause

299

farcical

absurd, ludicrous

300

fastidious

careful with details

301

fathom (v)

to measure the depth of, gauge

302

fatuous

stupid; foolishly self-satisfied

303

fault

break in a rock formation; mistake or error

304

fawn (v)

to flatter excessively, seek the favor of

305

faze

to bother, upset, or disconcert

306

feasible

possible, capable of being done

307

feckless

ineffective, careless, irresponsible

308

fecund

fertile, fruitful, productive

309

federation

union of organizations; union of several states, each of which retains local power

310

feign

to pretend, give a false impression; to invent falsely

311

feisty

excitable, easily drawn into quarrels

312

felicitous

suitable, appropriate; well-spoken

313

fell (v)

to chop, cut down

314

fervid

passionate, intense zealous

315

fetid

foul-smelling, putrid

316

fetter

to bind, chain, confine

317

fiasco

disaster, utter failure

318

fictive

fictional, imaginary

319

fidelity

loyalty

320

filch

to steal

321

filibuster

use of obstructive tactics in a legislative assembly to prevent adoption of a measure

322

finicky

fussy, difficult to please

323

fission

process of splitting into two parts

324

fitful

intermittent, irregular

325

flaccid

limp, flabby, weak

326

flagrant

outrageous, shameless

327

flamboyant

flashy, garish; exciting, dazzling

328

flammable

combustible, being easily burned

329

flaunt

to show off

330

fledgling

young bird just learning to fly; beginner, novice

331

flora

plants

332

florid

gaudy, extremely ornate; ruddy, flushed

333

flounder

to falter, waver; to muddle, struggle

334

flout

to treat contemptuously, scorn

335

fluctuate

to alternate, waver

336

fodder

raw materials; feed for animals

337

foible

minor weakness or character flaw

338

foil (v)

to defeat, frustrate

339

foliate

to grow, sprout leaves

340

foment

to arouse or incite

341

forbearance

patience, restraint, leniency

342

ford (v)

to cross a body of water at a shallow place

343

foreboding

dark sense of evil to come

344

foreclose

to rule out; to seize debtor's property for lack of payments

345

forensic

relating to legal proceedings; relating to debates

346

forensics

study of argumentation and debate

347

forestall

to prevent, delay; anticipate

348

forethought

anticipation, foresight

349

forgo

to go without, refrain from

350

forlorn

dreary, deserted; unhappy; hopeless, despairing

351

formulate

to conceive, devise; to draft, plan; to express, state

352

forsake

to abandon, withdraw from

353

forswear

to repudiate, renounce, disclaim, reject

354

forte (n)

strong point, something a person does well

355

fortuitous

happening by luck, fortunate

356

foster (v)

to nourish, cultivate, promote

357

foundation

groundwork, support; institution established by donation to aid a certain cause

358

founder (v)

fo fall helplessly; sink

359

fracas

noisy dispute

360

fractious

unruly, rebellious

361

fragmentation

division, separation into parts, disorganization

362

frank

honest and straightforward

363

fraud

deception, hoax

364

fraudulent

deceitful, dishonest, unethical

365

fraught

full of, accompanied by

366

frenetic

wildly frantic, frenzied, hectic

367

frenzied

feverishly fast, hectic, and confused

368

frivolous

petty, trivial; flippant, silly

369

frond

leaf

370

frugal

thrifty; cheap

371

fulsome

excessive, overdone, sickeningly abundant

372

funereal

mournfull, appropriate to a funeral

373

furtive

secret, stealthy

374

fusion

process of merging things into one