Flashcards in Wk 5 - Intellectual Disability Deck (10):
Intellectual disability is diagnosed by looking at...
Deficits in intellectual functioning, eg reasoning, problem-solving, abstract thinking, judgment, academic/experiential learning, using clinical and IQ tests
Deficits in adaptive functioning - not meeting developmental and socio-cultural standards, excommunication, social participation, independent liveing
Previous DSM defined intellectual disability purely on basis of...
Mild - 50/55
Moderate - 35/40 - 50/55
Severe - 20/25 - 35/40
Profound - below 20/25
Prevalence of intellectual disability... (x3)
3% of Australian population
Of whom 74% under 65 yo
57% of under 65s also had psychiatric disability
Three core activities of daily living affected by Intellectual disability...
Two areas of most unmet need for those with intellectual disability...
Cognition/emotion - 38% with unmet needs
Communication - 36%
Most commonly reported problem by people with intellectual disability
Deinstitutionalisation of those with intellectual disability based on two major concepts...
Normalisation - recognition that PWID need same opps as others
Social role valorisation - that they should be able to hold valued roles in community
The Challinor Project looked at the effects of large-scale deinstitutionalisation by...
Assessing residents 6 months prior to, then 1, 6, 12, 18, 24 months after relocation
Improvements in adaptive behaviours plateaued at 24 months - less enthusiasm/cash/hope of results by then
The first known facility for people with intellectual disabilities