Wk 8 - Cross-cultural Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Wk 8 - Cross-cultural Deck (10):
1

Differing social statuses of infants...

Patiently given their own way until after infancy
Freedom of choice respected, prior to accountability and cooperation
Given time to learn behaviour voluntary - no punishment/forced compliance

2

Cross-cultural studies using the Asch test of conformity have shown...

Conformity much higher in Asian than white children

3

Conformity and culture... (x3)

West encourages diversity/independence/individuality
Asian - community/group harmony/interdependence
Both show conformity, but to different norms

4

Results showing that predators are more rapidly identified in an array of non-predators are... (x2)

Similar between those in urban environments, and those actually exposed to such dangers
Not environmental exposure, but visual bias shaped by natural selection

5

WEIRD... (x6)

Western
Educated
Industrialised
Rich
Democratic
Make up 96% of psych Ps

6

Cross-cultural research into search strategies showed that... (x2)

Western kids are egocentric - finding cups maintained position relative to the child's viewpoint
Botswanan kids are geocentric - finding cups maintained relative to the larger surrounding environment

7

Cross-cultural research using the mirror-self recognition test showed that... (x3)

Western kids under 15mo fail, pass by 24 mo
Chimps pass
Nso - very low pass rates even among older children
Raises questions of validity as a test for self-awareness

8

Age and identity... (x3)

West builds identity based on time-line
Others define self through social/community relationships
Being precocious is only valid if measurable age is important...

9

Development must consider cross-cultural findings because...

Many activities that a community may treat as having a ‘natural’ point of transition are only so given the assumptions, circumstances and organisation of that community

10

Walker and Andrade showed that conformity... (x2)

On the Asch test was highest among 3-5 yo
85%