Flashcards in Wk 8 - Cross-cultural Deck (10):
Differing social statuses of infants...
Patiently given their own way until after infancy
Freedom of choice respected, prior to accountability and cooperation
Given time to learn behaviour voluntary - no punishment/forced compliance
Cross-cultural studies using the Asch test of conformity have shown...
Conformity much higher in Asian than white children
Conformity and culture... (x3)
West encourages diversity/independence/individuality
Asian - community/group harmony/interdependence
Both show conformity, but to different norms
Results showing that predators are more rapidly identified in an array of non-predators are... (x2)
Similar between those in urban environments, and those actually exposed to such dangers
Not environmental exposure, but visual bias shaped by natural selection
Make up 96% of psych Ps
Cross-cultural research into search strategies showed that... (x2)
Western kids are egocentric - finding cups maintained position relative to the child's viewpoint
Botswanan kids are geocentric - finding cups maintained relative to the larger surrounding environment
Cross-cultural research using the mirror-self recognition test showed that... (x3)
Western kids under 15mo fail, pass by 24 mo
Nso - very low pass rates even among older children
Raises questions of validity as a test for self-awareness
Age and identity... (x3)
West builds identity based on time-line
Others define self through social/community relationships
Being precocious is only valid if measurable age is important...
Development must consider cross-cultural findings because...
Many activities that a community may treat as having a ‘natural’ point of transition are only so given the assumptions, circumstances and organisation of that community