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Flashcards in WWI Review Deck (41):
1

T/F:
Many leaders believed that the balance of power created by alliances decreased the chances of war

T

2

T/F:
The Triple Entente was an alliance between Austria-Hungary, Italy, and Germany

F
Triple Alliance

3

T/F:
The Triple Alliance was an Alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia

F
Triple Entente

4

T/F:
After the German invasion of Belgium, the soldiers of the Central Powers were not prepared to fight against an enemy equipped with machine guns

F
Allied Powers

5

T/F:
In reaction to German use of chlorine gas, the Allied powers began to develop and use poisonous gas in their attacks as well

T

6

Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

Triple Alliance

7

Could fire up to 600 bullets per minute in 1914

machine guns

8

British-built motorized armored vehicles intended to maneuver through battlefields

tanks

9

Extreme pride or devotion that people feel for their country or culture

nationalism

10

a policy of military preparedness and building up a supply of arms

militarism

11

Alliance of Great Britain, France, and Russia

Triple Entente

12

Used to map enemy positions and trenches and to attack trenches from above

airplanes

13

The deadly area between trenches

no-man's land

14

His assassination led to WWI

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

15

Quest to establish colonial empires

imperialism

16

Which term doesn't belong?
a) convoy system
b) conscientious objectors
c) Selective Service Act
d) moral beliefs

a

17

Which term doesn't belong?
a) Selective Service Act
b) Zimmerman Note
c) alliance
d) Germany and Mexico

a

18

Which term doesn't belong?
a) Sussex pledge
b) Lusitania
c) attack
d) Zimmerman Note

d

19

Which term doesn't belong?
a) U-boats
b) armistice
c) Unterseeboot
d) torpedoes

b

20

(The policy of not being involved in the affairs of other nations) kept the US out of the early years of WWI

Isolationism

21

To defend soldiers traveling to Europe, troop-transport ships were protected by the (strategy of surrounding them with warships)

convoy system

22

Members of certain religious groups whose moral or religious beliefs prevented them from fighting in a war were known as

conscientious objectors

23

Describes the system of surrounding troop-transport ships with destroyers or cruisers for protection

convoy system

24

The Germans launched their last, desperate offensive at the

Second Battle of the Marne

25

The sinking of the __ prompted President Woodrow Wilson to demand an end to unrestricted submarine warfare

Lusitania

26

German "undersea boats" were known as

U-boats

27

What organization created materials designed to influence people's opinions and encouraged Americans to support the war?

Committee on Public Information

28

What organization judged disputes between workers and management, and it was created to keep disruptions at work to a minimum?

National War Labor Board

29

To help pay for the costs of fighting WWI, Americans loaned money to the federal gov't by purchasing __ __

Liberty Bonds

30

__ can be newspaper stories, posters, speeches, or other materials

Propaganda

31

In __ __ __, the Supreme Court interpreted the First Amendment and explored the limits of free speech

Schenck vs. United States

32

In 1918 the __ __ was ratified, banning the "manufacture, sale or transportation" of alcohol in the US

18th Amendment

33

The Committee on Public Information launched a nationwide campaign of __, which included posters, newspaper stories, speeches, and other materials designed to influence people's opinions

propoganda

34

In Schenck vs United States, the Supreme Court ruled that Charles Schenck's opposition to gov't war policies was a violation of the __ __ and wasn't protected by the First Amendment

Sedition Act

35

The War Revenue Act of 1917 established very high __

taxes

36

During the month of October 1918 alone, __ killed nearly 200,000 Americans

influenza

37

One way the US gov't raised money for the war was through the sale of __ __ to the public

Liberty Bonds

38

Bernard Baruch, a Wall Street business leader, was the head of the __ __ __, which regulated all materials needed for the war effort

War Industries Board

39

Daylight saving time and "heatless Mondays" were introduced in order to encourage conservation of __

fuel

40

Eugene V Debs, the head of the __ __, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for criticizing the US gov'ts prosecution of Americans under the Espionage Act

Socialist Party

41

To encourage increased production of food crops, __ __, head of the Food Administration, promised farmers higher prices for their crops

Herbert Hoover