Chapter 17 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Review Deck (70):
1

US extension of power over foreign lands affected Hawaii

imperialism

2

when a nation has control over a geographic area within another nation, the controlling nation dominates the economy

sphere of influence

3

to make up for its lack of a sphere of influence in China, the US secretary of state John Hay's proposed plan is the policy that gave all nations equal trading rights in China

Open Door Policy

4

Secret society that formed to overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy and establish democracy in Hawaii under american control was known as the __

Hawaiian League

5

after the Russo-Japanese war, Japan:a) fell into economic depressionb) emerged as the strongest power in East Asiac) felt that it had fulfilled all of its natural resource needsd) stopped its modernization program

b

6

Planters of which crop gradually increased control over Hawaii?

sugar

7

In 1993, Congress apologized for the US role in Liliuokalani's ___

overthrow

8

In what way did journalists influence the decision of the US to intervene in Cuba?

yellow journalism

9

Which Cuban independence leader was forced to leave Cuba but continued to promote Cuban independence from his new home in NY?

Jose Marti

10

What item did the New York Journal publish that caused outraged Americans to call for war? What did the item say?

de Lome letter; ridiculed McKinley for being "weak and catering to the rabble"

11

what was the most famous volunteer regiment that fought in Cuba, and who organized the regiment?

Rough riders; Theodore Roosevelt

12

described by John Hay as "a splendid little war"

Spanish-American war

13

scandalous stories combined with large, shocking illustrations

yellow journalism

14

ship that blew up in Havana Harbor

USS Maine

15

cavalry regiment organized by Theodore roosevelt

Rough riders

16

battle that led to the capture of Santiago

Battle of San Juan Hill

17

Proclaimed himself president of the Philippine Republic after the Spanish-American war

Emilio Aguinaldo

18

group that opposed US annexation of the Philippines

Anti-imperialist league

19

Founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party

Jose Marti

20

Commander who destroyed the Spanish fleet in the Philippines

George Dewey

21

African american soldiers who led the charge to capture kettle and San Juan hills in Cuba during the Spanish-American war

Buffalo soldiers

22

What did the Buffalo soldiers do?

escort settlers, cattle herds, railroad crews across frontier, defend settlers from Native American attacks. brave and tenacious; discriminated, segregated, couldn't vote, nor promotion

23

What did TR say was his biggest achievement as president?

building the Panama Canal

24

What did the Wright Brothers do?

build airplane

25

Who was the first person to send a message around the world?

TR

26

How long did it take to drive cross country?

63 days

27

Did TR feel the world was growing more interdependent?

yes

28

What 2 nations did he see as a threat to the US?

Japan and Germany

29

What nation did TR want to have dominance in the Pacific?

US

30

What did TR want to connect?

Atlantic and Pacific Ocean

31

What was the strategic reason for a canal?

Move navy back and forth through the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

32

How much was Congress willing to spend to get a canal?

$50 million

33

What was Panama's mother country?

Colombia

34

Who was TR's Secretary of State?

John Hay

35

What did the US have to do to weaker nations?

uplift, protect, and lead them

36

What did TR encourage in Panama? What did TR send?

RebellionSent cruisers

37

When did work begin on the canal?

1906

38

How many men worked each day on the canal?

6000

39

How many pounds of dynamite were used to create canal? How much concrete?

61 million pounds2 million cubic yards

40

What was TR the first sitting president to do in 1906?

leave the US

41

What was it best to do after the canal was built, not before?

Debate Roosevelt

42

When did the first ship sail through the Panama canal?

1914

43

What was the big ditch always seen as?

Roosevelt's Canal

44

The __ of 1900 established that the US would appoint PR's governor and upper house of PR's legislature

Foraker Act

45

Dr. William Gorgas virtually eliminated the disease known as __ from Havana by developing a plan to drain all pools of standing water in which mosquitoes bred

yellow fever

46

Panama canal linked the __ to the Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

47

The Roosevelt's corollary is sometimes referred to as the "big __" policy

stick

48

Taft's approach of advancing US interests through economic power rather than military power became known as

Dollar diplomacy

49

The __, which the US forced Cuba to include in its new constitution, gave the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs

Platt Amendment

50

Following the Spanish-American war, Cuba became a US __, a country under the control and protection of another country

protectorate

51

By 1903, the US had negotiated a treaty that would give it permanent use of the strip of land needed to build a canal across the Isthmus of Panama, but the Colombian __ refused to ratify the agreement

senate

52

The roosevelt corollary was applied in the US response to the 1904 crisis in which the __ could not afford to repay its European lenders

Dominican Republic

53

Sanitation personnel worked to eliminate mosquitoes from the Panama Canal construction zone in order to prevent __, a disease that can infect people over and over again

malaria

54

T/F:Platt Amendment included several requirements, such as the selling or leasing of Cuban land to the US for naval and coaling stations

T

55

T/F:Dollar diplomacy, corollary to Monroe Doctrine, declared the US had the right to act as an international police power in the Western hemisphere

FRoosevelt corollary

56

T/F:Taft believed in advancing US interests in other countries through the Big stick policy, relying on economic power instead of military force

FDollar diplomacy

57

T/F:New Cuban constitution, drafted in 1901, made Cuba a protectorate, which allowed the US to intervene in Cuba's affairs in exchange for protecting Cuba from other nations

T

58

T/F:Roosevelt corollary said that the US would appoint Puerto Rico's governor as well as the legislature's upper house

FForaker Act

59

Delete term not related to others:a) constitutionb) Battle of Veracruzc) US Marinesd) Occupation

a

60

Delete term not related to others:a) Zapatistasb) Mexican Revolutionc) Platt Amendmentd) Pancho Villa

c

61

Delete term not related to others:a) 21-gun saluteb) USS Dolphinc) Tampico incidentd) Porfirio Diaz

d

62

Delete term not related to others:a) Battle of Veracruzb) Mexican Revolutionc) USS Olympiad) Tampico incident

c

63

The armed uprising against the rule of Porfirio Diaz began with revolts in different areas of the country

Mexican Revolution

64

The arrest of nine US soldiers in a port city and demands for a specific Mexican response damaged US Mexican relations in 1914

Tampico Incident

65

T/F:Mexican rebels known as Zapatistas were led by Porfirio Diaz

FNative american peasantsEmiliano Zapata

66

T/F:The arrest by Mexican soldiers of nine sailors from the USS Dolphin came to be known as the Tampico incident

T

67

T/F:Francisco "Pancho" Villa supported Porfirio Diaz during the Mexican Revolution

Fdidn't support

68

T/F:John Pershing commanded the US forces that moved into Mexican territory in pursuit of Pancho Villa

T

69

T/F:Info that a German ship loaded with weapons for Victoriano Huerta's forces was heading toward the Mexican port of Veracruz led to an American effort to seize the city

T

70

What did Walter Reed do?

As head of the Yellow Fever Board, he conducted a controlled experiment on humans who were bit by mosquitoes to determine whether contaminated clothes or bedding were to blame for the cause of Yellow Fever