Flashcards in Chapter 17 Review Deck (70):
US extension of power over foreign lands affected Hawaii
when a nation has control over a geographic area within another nation, the controlling nation dominates the economy
sphere of influence
to make up for its lack of a sphere of influence in China, the US secretary of state John Hay's proposed plan is the policy that gave all nations equal trading rights in China
Open Door Policy
Secret society that formed to overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy and establish democracy in Hawaii under american control was known as the __
after the Russo-Japanese war, Japan:a) fell into economic depressionb) emerged as the strongest power in East Asiac) felt that it had fulfilled all of its natural resource needsd) stopped its modernization program
Planters of which crop gradually increased control over Hawaii?
In 1993, Congress apologized for the US role in Liliuokalani's ___
In what way did journalists influence the decision of the US to intervene in Cuba?
Which Cuban independence leader was forced to leave Cuba but continued to promote Cuban independence from his new home in NY?
What item did the New York Journal publish that caused outraged Americans to call for war? What did the item say?
de Lome letter; ridiculed McKinley for being "weak and catering to the rabble"
what was the most famous volunteer regiment that fought in Cuba, and who organized the regiment?
Rough riders; Theodore Roosevelt
described by John Hay as "a splendid little war"
scandalous stories combined with large, shocking illustrations
ship that blew up in Havana Harbor
cavalry regiment organized by Theodore roosevelt
battle that led to the capture of Santiago
Battle of San Juan Hill
Proclaimed himself president of the Philippine Republic after the Spanish-American war
group that opposed US annexation of the Philippines
Founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party
Commander who destroyed the Spanish fleet in the Philippines
African american soldiers who led the charge to capture kettle and San Juan hills in Cuba during the Spanish-American war
What did the Buffalo soldiers do?
escort settlers, cattle herds, railroad crews across frontier, defend settlers from Native American attacks. brave and tenacious; discriminated, segregated, couldn't vote, nor promotion
What did TR say was his biggest achievement as president?
building the Panama Canal
What did the Wright Brothers do?
Who was the first person to send a message around the world?
How long did it take to drive cross country?
Did TR feel the world was growing more interdependent?
What 2 nations did he see as a threat to the US?
Japan and Germany
What nation did TR want to have dominance in the Pacific?
What did TR want to connect?
Atlantic and Pacific Ocean
What was the strategic reason for a canal?
Move navy back and forth through the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
How much was Congress willing to spend to get a canal?
What was Panama's mother country?
Who was TR's Secretary of State?
What did the US have to do to weaker nations?
uplift, protect, and lead them
What did TR encourage in Panama? What did TR send?
When did work begin on the canal?
How many men worked each day on the canal?
How many pounds of dynamite were used to create canal? How much concrete?
61 million pounds2 million cubic yards
What was TR the first sitting president to do in 1906?
leave the US
What was it best to do after the canal was built, not before?
When did the first ship sail through the Panama canal?
What was the big ditch always seen as?
The __ of 1900 established that the US would appoint PR's governor and upper house of PR's legislature
Dr. William Gorgas virtually eliminated the disease known as __ from Havana by developing a plan to drain all pools of standing water in which mosquitoes bred
Panama canal linked the __ to the Pacific Ocean
The Roosevelt's corollary is sometimes referred to as the "big __" policy
Taft's approach of advancing US interests through economic power rather than military power became known as
The __, which the US forced Cuba to include in its new constitution, gave the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs
Following the Spanish-American war, Cuba became a US __, a country under the control and protection of another country
By 1903, the US had negotiated a treaty that would give it permanent use of the strip of land needed to build a canal across the Isthmus of Panama, but the Colombian __ refused to ratify the agreement
The roosevelt corollary was applied in the US response to the 1904 crisis in which the __ could not afford to repay its European lenders
Sanitation personnel worked to eliminate mosquitoes from the Panama Canal construction zone in order to prevent __, a disease that can infect people over and over again
T/F:Platt Amendment included several requirements, such as the selling or leasing of Cuban land to the US for naval and coaling stations
T/F:Dollar diplomacy, corollary to Monroe Doctrine, declared the US had the right to act as an international police power in the Western hemisphere
T/F:Taft believed in advancing US interests in other countries through the Big stick policy, relying on economic power instead of military force
T/F:New Cuban constitution, drafted in 1901, made Cuba a protectorate, which allowed the US to intervene in Cuba's affairs in exchange for protecting Cuba from other nations
T/F:Roosevelt corollary said that the US would appoint Puerto Rico's governor as well as the legislature's upper house
Delete term not related to others:a) constitutionb) Battle of Veracruzc) US Marinesd) Occupation
Delete term not related to others:a) Zapatistasb) Mexican Revolutionc) Platt Amendmentd) Pancho Villa
Delete term not related to others:a) 21-gun saluteb) USS Dolphinc) Tampico incidentd) Porfirio Diaz
Delete term not related to others:a) Battle of Veracruzb) Mexican Revolutionc) USS Olympiad) Tampico incident
The armed uprising against the rule of Porfirio Diaz began with revolts in different areas of the country
The arrest of nine US soldiers in a port city and demands for a specific Mexican response damaged US Mexican relations in 1914
T/F:Mexican rebels known as Zapatistas were led by Porfirio Diaz
FNative american peasantsEmiliano Zapata
T/F:The arrest by Mexican soldiers of nine sailors from the USS Dolphin came to be known as the Tampico incident
T/F:Francisco "Pancho" Villa supported Porfirio Diaz during the Mexican Revolution
T/F:John Pershing commanded the US forces that moved into Mexican territory in pursuit of Pancho Villa
T/F:Info that a German ship loaded with weapons for Victoriano Huerta's forces was heading toward the Mexican port of Veracruz led to an American effort to seize the city