WWII: The Axis Powers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WWII: The Axis Powers Deck (22):
1

Who were the Axis Powers?

Germany, Italy, and Japan

2

When does totalitarianism develop? Describe totalitarianism

1920sthe state was everything, Individuals have nor rights; all power was in the hands of one leader (dictator)

3

Dictator in USSR who wanted to spread communism around the world

Joseph Stalin

4

Dictator of Spain in 1939 after bloody civil war

General Francisco Franco

5

Describe Fascism in Italy

Benito Mussolini names it; seized power in 1922; name came from Ancient symbol of authority, the fasces, a bundle of rods tied tightly around an ax; rods and ax represent the power of the state; binding them closely together represents national unity

6

Describe Italian Aggression

Mussolini; turned Mediterranean into Italian Lake; revived the glories of the Roman Empire; 1936: Italy annexed Ethiopia and invades it

7

Describe Hitler's book Mein Kampf

Called My Struggle; said Germans were part of a master race that was destined to rule the world; other races such as Jews, Slavs, and non whites were inferior races that contaminated society; these inferior people were only good to serve the superior race or be exterminated (Holocaust)

8

Describe the Nazis

National Socialists; drew on bitterness of the German people over the Versailles Treaty; came to power through democratic elections in 1933

9

Describe the rise of Hitler

strongly anticommunist; intensely militaristic; had 2 private armies (SA: brown shirted storm troopers, SS: black shirted); party symbol: hooked black cross called the swastika

10

Describe Hitler taking office

Suspends the German constitution; parades, shout slogans; beat up those who opposed them; targeted union leaders, communists, and Jews; motto: "One state! One people! One leader!"

11

German Aggression Timeline:1936

Germans move into the Rhineland

12

German Aggression Timeline:March 1938

Hitler moves into Austria (Anschluss) - Arian race (part of German people)

13

German Aggression Timeline:September 1938

Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia (Lebensraum) - give more room for the Arian people

14

German Aggression Timeline:Response to September 1938 event

Neville Chamberlain "Peace in Our time": says let Hitler have the land

15

German Aggression Timeline:March 1939

Hitler violates Munich accords and takes over all of Czechoslovakia; Britain assures Poland of their assistance should Poland be attacked

16

German Aggression Timeline:August 1939

Non-aggression pact with Stalin: agree Germany will get most people of Poland and Stalin will get most of the land

17

German Aggression Timeline:September 1, 1939

Germany invades Poland from west (start of WWII); Britain and France declare war on Germany

18

German Aggression Timeline:September 17, 1939

USSR invades Poland from the East

19

German Aggression Timeline:1939-1940

Soviets invade Finland, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania

20

German Aggression Timeline:Spring 1940

Germany invades Denmark and Norway; Blitzkrieg (lightning war) in Netherlands and Belgium

21

German Aggression Timeline:June 1940

Germans march into Paris; Germans occupy France and develop Vichy France (sympathtic to Nazi gov't); British rescued from Dunkirk

22

German Aggression Timeline:August-October 1940

Battle of Britain: air force bombs everything at night (Luftwaffe)