Flashcards in FDR and the New Deal Deck (24)
Describe FDR:__ president, political party, dates served, from __
32nd, Democrat, 1933-1945, NY
Which 3 presidents were larger than the office they inherited?
Why was FDR larger than the office they inherited?
fundamentally challenged relationship of citizen in the central gov't
What year of the depression is it when FDR takes office?
When FDR takes office:__ of Americans unemployed- about __ million people or more; John Keynes was asked when was the last time something like this happened, and he replied the __ __ and it lasted 400 years; __ banks failed; __ million savings accounts have been wiped out
People had fear would Depression and Democracy __?
What was FDR's famous line from 1st inaugural address?
"We have nothing to fear but fear itself"
Best New Deal legislation was FDR's __ and __ faith; he couldn't be __
What was FDR's philosophy?
"It is common sense to take a method and try it, if it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something"
What were the 3 general aims of the New Deal?
Relief, recovery, reform
Describe this aim of the New Deal:Relief
aimed at all Americans in economic distress
Describe this aim of the New Deal:Recovery
spur the economy and get the country out of the depression
Describe this aim of the New Deal:Reform
prevent another severe depression
Experts close to FDR who gave him advice; most were college professors
FDR's Brain Trust
Describe the gov'ts support of the arts
gov't placed murals in the post offices of small towns in the 48 states; In Kellogg, Idaho, people fought over the mining painting placed in its post office, which got changed to a new one
What were the criticisms of the New Deal?
greatly increased the power of the federal gov't; people sued saying some of the New Deal was unconstitutional; new restrictions by gov't would destroy free enterprise system
Describe the 1935 Schechter v. US "sick chicken case"
said poultry farm was not complying; NIRA declared unconstitutional; Congress gave legislative power to executive; Congress trying to regulate commerce that was not b/w states
Describe the 1936 case US v. Butler
ruled AAA unconstitutional; said processing tax of AAA which was then given to farmers to restrict production was not a real tax but a way to regulate farm production
What did the Supreme Court struck down?
Many state laws such as New York's minimum wage
Describe the Liberty League's criticism of FDR
felt Constitution was in danger; New Deal is slowly establishing a dictator; FDR was a "traitor to his class"
Senator Huey Long's criticism and ideas:From __; nicknamed "__"; great __ for the little person; felt president was too much of a tool of __ __; wanted to tax away all incomes over $__ so all can live decently; began __-__-__ organization (Slogan: "Every man a __", regardless of racial prejudice); $__ guaranteed annual income to every American family
Louisiana; Kingfish; pity; Wall Street; $1 million; share-our-wealth; king; $5000
Frances Townshend's criticism and ideas:From __; profession: __; wanted old age __ for every American over 60; pay every American $__ a month but it had to be spent within __ days
California; doctor; pension; $200; 30
Upton Sinclair's criticism and ideas:Wrote The __and I, Governor of __ and How I Ended __; wanted higher __ and __ __; $__ a month pension for the elderly; Ran for Governor of __ in 1934 but lost
Jungle; California; Poverty; income; inheritance tax; $50; California