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Flashcards in New Deal Review Packet Deck (47):
1

During the 1932 presidential election campaign, Franklin Delano Roosevelt promised relief for the poor and more __ __ programs- government-funded building projects

public works

2

To convey his concern for those suffering through the Great Depression, president Roosevelt gave many __ __, in which he used the radio to address and reassure the American people

fireside chats

3

The period of intense government activity immediately after President Roosevelt took office was aimed at bringing relief from the Great Depression and became known as the __ __

Hundred Days

4

President Roosevelt's program to deal with the Great Depression was known as the __ __, a term Roosevelt coined during the presidential election campaign

New Deal

5

The Agricultural Adjustment Act gave farmers a government payment, or __, to grow fewer crops

subisdy

6

Senator __ __ set up an organization called the Share Our Wealth Society, which called for higher taxes on the wealthy so that the government could pay each American family a yearly income and a sum of money with which they could purchase a home

Huey Long

7

To strengthen the nation's shaky banking system, President Roosevelt issued and executive order that __ the temporary closing of all banks while new banking laws were passed

mandated

8

The New Deal marked a __ shift in the relationship between government and the American people

significant

9

Built dams and other projects along the Tennessee River

Tennessee Valley Authority

10

Group that spoke for many conservatives who thought the New Deal had gone too far

American Liberty League

11

Played an important role in several major social issues, including the campaign to stop the lynching of African Americans

Eleanor Roosevelt

12

Issued rulings that hampered the New Deal

US Supreme Court

13

gave government officials the power to examine banks

Emergency Banking Act

14

T/F:In the flurry of activity during spring of 1935 that became known as the Second Hundred Days, President Roosevelt launched the Better Deal

FSecond New Deal

15

T/F:John L Lewis led a group that broke away from the AFL in 1935 and formed the CCC

FCIOCommittee for Industrial Organization

16

T/F:In 1936, the United Auto Workers confronted GM with a sit-down strike, a new type of labor action in which workers vowed to remain at the factory day and night until the work dispute was settled

T

17

T/F:New Beginnings was a program that provided a guaranteed pension for many Americans age 65 or older

FSocial Security

18

T/F:A budget surplus occurs when a government spends more money than it takes in

Fdeficit

19

T/F:Classical economic theory stressed balanced budgets

T

20

T/F:John Maynard Keynes argued that deficit spending was acceptable if it provided jobs and stimulated the economy

T

21

T/F:A fiery speaker and organizer, John L Lewis was head of the United Mine Workers

T

22

A centerpiece of the Second New Deal was the __ __ Act

Social Security

23

With nearly 5 billion dollars to spend, the __ __ __ was the largest peacetime jobs program in American history

Works Progress Administration

24

A __ __ required special commitments on the part of strikers, who were expected to occupy their workplace day and night until their dispute with management was resolved

sit-down strike

25

Created as a collection of smaller unions representing the interests of skilled workers, the __ became the nation's largest union

AFL

26

British economist __ argued that limited deficit spending could provide jobs and stimulate the economy

J.M. Keynes

27

Frustrated that many parts of his New Deal program had been struck down, President Roosevelt tried to "pack" the __ __ with as many as 6 justices friendly to his program

Supreme Court

28

Roosevelt was elected to a second term as president in a landslide victory over his Republican opponent, Governor __ of Kansas

Landon

29

John L Lewis led a group that broke away from the AFL in 1935 to form the __

CIO

30

What group of African Americans became a powerful symbol of rising influence in government and helped President Roosevelt as his unofficial advisors?

Black Cabinet

31

What was the new type of music that swept the country in the 1930s and was a highly orchestrated version of jazz?

swing

32

Who was the first woman to head and executive department in the federal government? Which department did she head?

Frances PerkinsLabor

33

Who was a celebrated chronicler of the Great Depression and raised awareness of the poorest of the poor in America?

Dorothea Lange

34

Who was director of Negro Affairs in the National Youth Administration and headed an unofficial group of advisers to President Roosevelt?

Mary McLeod Bethune

35

During the Great Depression, the struggles of the rural poor were captured in the photographs of __ __

Dorothea Lange

36

The team that created the Social Security system was led by __ __

Frances Perkins

37

The lives of ordinary Americans were celebrated in song by __ __

Woody Guthrie

38

Which does not belong with the others?a) Marian Andersonb) incomec) workersd) minimum wage

a) Marian Anderson

39

Which does not belong with the others?a) occupantb) officeholderc) incumbentd) labor

d) labor

40

T/F:When the Daughters of the American Revolution refused to allow Marian Anderson to hold a concert at a hall they owned, Eleanor Roosevelt arranged to have the singer perform on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial

T

41

T/F:The Fair Labor Standards Act established a salary cap, the lowest wage that an employer can legally pay a worker

Fminimum wage

42

T/F:A person who already holds an office is an aficionado

Fincumbent

43

T/F:The New Deal did little to change the relationship between the American people and their government

did much to change the link

44

T/F:The relief programs of the New Deal were intended to be a permanent solution to joblessness

Fnot to be permanent

45

T/F:The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation was created during the New Deal and continues to protect the bank deposits of millions of Americans today

T

46

T/F:The Fair Labor Standards Act passed by Congress in 1938 established the maximum wage that an employer could legally pay a worker

Fminimum wage

47

T/F:Following the 1938 congressional elections, President Roosevelt found that he lacked support he needed to pass more New Deal-style laws

T