Flashcards in WWI Deck (108)
The Beautiful Age (peaceful time before WWI), everything ahead looks beautiful
What is the symbol of the Beautiful Age?
What are the 4 causes of WWI?
Militarism, imperialism, nationalism, and alliances
belief or desire of a gov't or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies
spirit or aspirations common to the whole of a nation; excessive patriotism
3 members of the Triple Alliance
Austria-HungaryGermanyThe Ottoman Empire
3 members of the Triple Entente
What happened in June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo that sparked WWI? (capital of Bosnia)
Archduke Ferdinand (heir to A-H throne) and Sophie were assasinated by Gavrilo Princip who was a Serbian nationalist and member of the Black Hand who wanted the A-H throne
What happened on July 28, 1914?
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia b/c of Ferdinand's assassination
What happened on July 30, 1914?
Russia mobilizes in defense of Serbia
Who was a part of the Triple Alliance (Central Powers) and their leaders?
1) Germany: Kaiser Wilhelm I2) Austria-Hungary: Emperor Franz Joseph3) Ottoman Empire: Sultan Mehmed V4) Italy was a part of the Triple Alliance but didn't join at the beginning of the war
Who was a part of the Triple Entente (Allies) and their leaders?
1) Great Britain: Prime minister David Lloyd George and King George V2) France: Georges Clemenceau3) Russia: Tsar Nicholas II4) Serbia, Belgium, Japan5) 1915- Italy joins, 1917- USA joins
Planned in 1891. Carried out by German Commander __ __. Requires a strict timeline, knock out France before Russia can mobilize
Schlieffen PlanVon Moltke
Describe the Schlieffen Plan
Attack France through Belgium, capture Paris, France surrenders, 6 weeks later the German army moves to take on Russia, requires harsh treatment of civilians
__ __ leads Belgium and fights. Describe what Belgium did
King Albertputs up a defense & throws off timetable of the Schlieffen Plan
Germans capture and execute her for helping the Allies in Belgium
Nurse Sister Edith Cavell
__ lost to Germany in 1871. France attacks to get __ __ back while Germans head to Paris
Describe the trenches
Stretch from English channel to Swiss border. By 1916, so long they could circle earth 2 times. Flanks disappear (sides). Barbed wire
Area in between trenches where there were no survivors
No Man's Land
Describe soldier's experience in trenches
Lots of downtime, boredom, tension, lice, disease, rats, bad weather, cold wet winter, trench foot, frostbite, gangrene, pools of water people drowned in, self inflicted wound
Life in trenches was an __ __ so close to the __ __
unreal nightmarereal world
used heavily, help the defense more
burn everything in their path
Air battles planes went into
Who was known as the Red Baron for having many kills in war?
Manfred von Richthofen
father of American Air Force
German submarines (unterseeboot)
Describe German submarines
1st effective use of submarines; sinking enemy ships around British isles increasing; no warning or chance of surrender