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Flashcards in WWI Deck (108)
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1

The Beautiful Age (peaceful time before WWI), everything ahead looks beautiful

Belle Epoque

2

What is the symbol of the Beautiful Age?

Titanic

3

What are the 4 causes of WWI?

Militarism, imperialism, nationalism, and alliances

4

belief or desire of a gov't or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests

militarism

5

the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies

imperialism

6

spirit or aspirations common to the whole of a nation; excessive patriotism

nationalism

7

3 members of the Triple Alliance

Austria-HungaryGermanyThe Ottoman Empire

8

3 members of the Triple Entente

RussiaFranceBritain

9

What happened in June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo that sparked WWI? (capital of Bosnia)

Archduke Ferdinand (heir to A-H throne) and Sophie were assasinated by Gavrilo Princip who was a Serbian nationalist and member of the Black Hand who wanted the A-H throne

10

What happened on July 28, 1914?

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia b/c of Ferdinand's assassination

11

What happened on July 30, 1914?

Russia mobilizes in defense of Serbia

12

Who was a part of the Triple Alliance (Central Powers) and their leaders?

1) Germany: Kaiser Wilhelm I2) Austria-Hungary: Emperor Franz Joseph3) Ottoman Empire: Sultan Mehmed V4) Italy was a part of the Triple Alliance but didn't join at the beginning of the war

13

Who was a part of the Triple Entente (Allies) and their leaders?

1) Great Britain: Prime minister David Lloyd George and King George V2) France: Georges Clemenceau3) Russia: Tsar Nicholas II4) Serbia, Belgium, Japan5) 1915- Italy joins, 1917- USA joins

14

Planned in 1891. Carried out by German Commander __ __. Requires a strict timeline, knock out France before Russia can mobilize

Schlieffen PlanVon Moltke

15

Describe the Schlieffen Plan

Attack France through Belgium, capture Paris, France surrenders, 6 weeks later the German army moves to take on Russia, requires harsh treatment of civilians

16

__ __ leads Belgium and fights. Describe what Belgium did

King Albertputs up a defense & throws off timetable of the Schlieffen Plan

17

Germans capture and execute her for helping the Allies in Belgium

Nurse Sister Edith Cavell

18

__ lost to Germany in 1871. France attacks to get __ __ back while Germans head to Paris

Napoleon IIIAlsace-Lorraine

19

Describe the trenches

Stretch from English channel to Swiss border. By 1916, so long they could circle earth 2 times. Flanks disappear (sides). Barbed wire

20

Area in between trenches where there were no survivors

No Man's Land

21

Describe soldier's experience in trenches

Lots of downtime, boredom, tension, lice, disease, rats, bad weather, cold wet winter, trench foot, frostbite, gangrene, pools of water people drowned in, self inflicted wound

22

Life in trenches was an __ __ so close to the __ __

unreal nightmarereal world

23

used heavily, help the defense more

machine guns

24

burn everything in their path

flame throwers

25

Air battles planes went into

Dog Fights

26

Who was known as the Red Baron for having many kills in war?

Manfred von Richthofen

27

father of American Air Force

Billy Mitchelll

28

German submarines (unterseeboot)

U-boats

29

Describe German submarines

1st effective use of submarines; sinking enemy ships around British isles increasing; no warning or chance of surrender

30

NY to London, sank in 22 minutes; 1198 people died, 128 were American

May 7, 1915: Sinking of the Lusitania