WWII: War in North Africa and Europe Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WWII: War in North Africa and Europe Deck (19):
1

Main American Commanders:
__: US Army Chief of Staff
__: Commander of the European Theatre of War

George Marshall
Dwight D Eisenhower

2

Two major decisions:
1) Give priority to defeating __ and let all out war with __ wait; a) Germany might crush __ and then cut off __. b) If Germany isn't __, it would send troops to help __
2) Accept only unconditional __ of __ and __

Hitler
Japan
USSR
Britain
defeated
Japan
surrender of Japan and Germany

3

Groups of merchant ships in the Atlantic that carried troops and supplies, and sent protective support ships

Convoys

4

1942: seen from Newfoundland to New Orleans

Wolf packs

5

Describe tactics used

tighter air and sea patrols; brown outs along the coast

6

From Iceland around North Cape of Norway above Arctic Circle to USSR; dangerous, Germans had base in Norway

Polar Bear Route

7

What was a turning point in the East?

Battle of Stalingrad

8

Summer of 1942:
Hitler is stalled at __ and __ so he attacks __; Hitler needs __ found in the mountains around __; Hitler lays siege to the city for __; __ to __ fighting

Leningrad, Moscow, Stalingrad
oil, Stalingrad
3 months
street to street

9

Winter comes and __ launches a counterattack

USSR

10

USSR winter counterattack:
USSR moves one army from the __ and one from the __; weather was __ degrees below zero

North, South
44

11

Describe the Germans in the winter around Stalingrad

tanks will not start, rifles misfire, food is as hard as stone

12

What happens in February 1943?

Germans surrender: 91000 troops (all that is left from 330000); soviets lose 1250000 (more than the US will lose in entire war); USSR will continue to move west

13

Invasion of western North Africa

Operation Torch

14

What happens in November 1942?

Allies land at Casablanca and Algiers; there is token resistance from Italian troops fortified by Germans

15

Generals in the Battle for North Africa

British General: Montgomery
German General: Rommel- the Desert Fox

16

El Alamein (1942):
Rommel's __ __ defeated by Montgomery; Allies plan to trap Rommel as he retreats from __ __ to __; If Allies are successful, the __ can be used to ship material to the __; Montgomery closes in from the __ while Eisenhower closes in from the __

Afrkia Corps
El Alamein, Tunisia
Mediterranean, USSR
east, west

17

What happens on May 13, 1943?

Rommel's Afrika Corps surrenders; Axis lose control of Africa and the Mediterranean; Now the Allies can focus on crossing the Mediterranean to Sicily and Italy

18

Describe the Italian Campaign

Soft underbelly of Europe; September 1943: Salerno, Italy; Bloody Anzio: January 1944 (some of the hardest fighting to date for US); Germans are driven out of Italy in January 1945; Mussolini captured in April 1945 (shot and body hung in Milan)

19

What happened on June 6, 1944?

Operation Overlord (Normandy) D-Day