Flashcards in Chapter 17 America Enters the World Stage Deck (108)
Describe US isolationism
Monroe Doctrine rules us - keep Europe out, protect South America
Describe Frederick Jackson Turner
Manifest destiny, fight slavery. american frontier was closed; must re-identify ourselves. now we can look outside our borders
Way-station for sailors traveling to different islands in the middle
Midway Islands (1867)
July 8, 1853: Commodore Mathew Perry travels there, US fleet goes there. Opens their ports and starts trading
Describe Alfred Mahan's, The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890)
Need to focus money and attention on navy; control the seas
Our role now is to spread Christianity to make the world better. Civilize people into democracy, need to take care of people and make them better
The energetic, strong, and fit should rule. God made them healthy. Going to try to make everyone else strong and healthy
Purchased in March 1867. Secretary of State: __ __ ; president __. $7.2 million (2 cents an acre, double size of Texas)- owned by Russians. Milk joke (get ice cream)
Nicknames for Alaska
Seward's Folly, Frigida, President Andrew Johnson's Polar Bear Garden
What did the US get out of Alaska?
Lumber, coal, copper, oil, natural gas
Archipelago (many different islands) 2000 miles SW of San Francisco. Late 1700s- Missionaries. 1840: King Kamehameha III wrote constitution based on US constitution
Hawaii's biggest export
Raised tariff on sugar
McKinley Tariff of 1890
"Hawaii for Hawaiians", protectorate of the US
Why did they want a revolution?
to dethrone Queen
What was under the protection of the US after the revolution and who was the new Revolutionary president?
HawaiiSanford B Dole
First time North and South America had come together. Talk about trade and how to keep Europe out. Nothing came out of it
Pan-American Conference (1889)
Civil War- "Yanquis" supported the President. Drunken sailors from the USS Baltimore leave a bar
Chilean Crisis (1891-1892)
Crisis: where's the boundary b/w __ and __ __ __. President Cleveland sends Secretary of State __ __ to arbitrate. Said Monroe Doctrine applies to this, __ cheers this
Venezuela, British New GuineaRichard OlneyCaracas
Describe Results of Venezuela dispute
An independent arbitrator gave Britain most what it wanted but Europe and Latin America are on notice that the US is the most important nation in the Western Hemisphere
US seen as a protector of __ __ from Europe
What is the nickname of the Spanish American War (1898)?
"A splendid little War"
"Ever faithful isle"
Mainstay of Cuban economy is __ __. US puts heavy duties on __ and it hurts the economy
Guerrilla warfare, block railroads
Poet. Toured US and when he returned to Cuba, he was killed in a few days
Spain ruthlessly puts down the rebellion. Governor __ __ __ "The Butcher". ___: 500000 farmers, no longer rebel
General Valeriano WeyerReconcentrados
Why did the governor target farmers?
1) Cut off food supply of rebels2) Everyone out of camps can be considered rebels3) Over 200,000 die
Why did the US gov't send ship? What happened on 2/15/1898?
Investigate situation in CubaUSS Maine blows up