Chapter 17 America Enters the World Stage Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 America Enters the World Stage Deck (108)
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1

Describe US isolationism

Monroe Doctrine rules us - keep Europe out, protect South America

2

Describe Frederick Jackson Turner

Manifest destiny, fight slavery. american frontier was closed; must re-identify ourselves. now we can look outside our borders

3

Way-station for sailors traveling to different islands in the middle

Midway Islands (1867)

4

July 8, 1853: Commodore Mathew Perry travels there, US fleet goes there. Opens their ports and starts trading

Japan

5

Describe Alfred Mahan's, The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890)

Need to focus money and attention on navy; control the seas

6

Our role now is to spread Christianity to make the world better. Civilize people into democracy, need to take care of people and make them better

Josiah Strong

7

The energetic, strong, and fit should rule. God made them healthy. Going to try to make everyone else strong and healthy

Social Darwinism

8

Purchased in March 1867. Secretary of State: __ __ ; president __. $7.2 million (2 cents an acre, double size of Texas)- owned by Russians. Milk joke (get ice cream)

AlaskaWilliam SewardJohnson

9

Nicknames for Alaska

Seward's Folly, Frigida, President Andrew Johnson's Polar Bear Garden

10

What did the US get out of Alaska?

Lumber, coal, copper, oil, natural gas

11

Archipelago (many different islands) 2000 miles SW of San Francisco. Late 1700s- Missionaries. 1840: King Kamehameha III wrote constitution based on US constitution

Hawaii

12

Hawaii's biggest export

Sugar

13

Raised tariff on sugar

McKinley Tariff of 1890

14

"Hawaii for Hawaiians", protectorate of the US

Queen Liliukalani

15

Why did they want a revolution?

to dethrone Queen

16

What was under the protection of the US after the revolution and who was the new Revolutionary president?

HawaiiSanford B Dole

17

First time North and South America had come together. Talk about trade and how to keep Europe out. Nothing came out of it

Pan-American Conference (1889)

18

Civil War- "Yanquis" supported the President. Drunken sailors from the USS Baltimore leave a bar

Chilean Crisis (1891-1892)

19

Crisis: where's the boundary b/w __ and __ __ __. President Cleveland sends Secretary of State __ __ to arbitrate. Said Monroe Doctrine applies to this, __ cheers this

Venezuela, British New GuineaRichard OlneyCaracas

20

Describe Results of Venezuela dispute

An independent arbitrator gave Britain most what it wanted but Europe and Latin America are on notice that the US is the most important nation in the Western Hemisphere

21

US seen as a protector of __ __ from Europe

South America

22

What is the nickname of the Spanish American War (1898)?

"A splendid little War"

23

"Ever faithful isle"

Cuba

24

Mainstay of Cuban economy is __ __. US puts heavy duties on __ and it hurts the economy

raw sugarsugar

25

Guerrilla warfare, block railroads

Cubans Rebellion

26

Poet. Toured US and when he returned to Cuba, he was killed in a few days

Jose Marti

27

Spain ruthlessly puts down the rebellion. Governor __ __ __ "The Butcher". ___: 500000 farmers, no longer rebel

General Valeriano WeyerReconcentrados

28

Why did the governor target farmers?

1) Cut off food supply of rebels2) Everyone out of camps can be considered rebels3) Over 200,000 die

29

Why did the US gov't send ship? What happened on 2/15/1898?

Investigate situation in CubaUSS Maine blows up

30

"Remember the Maine". 266 out of __ men on board were killed. What caused the Maine to explode from US and Spain? What are the thoughts now?

350US: Spain did itSpain: Mechanical ErrorNow: Mechanical error