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Flashcards in xray written Deck (22):
1

What are the 3. reasons for xrays from the chiropractic perspective?

1. analysis of the misalignmen and listing (subluxation)

2. for contraindications: fractures, dislocation, abnormalities and pathologies

3. patient education (not a sufficient reason alone)

2

What 2 main reasons are unethical to take xrays for?

1. $$
2. just to cover your back

3

what is the earliest age you should take an xray?

8

4

When is it safest to take a woman's xray?

from the first day of her period to 10 days afterward

5

Should you xray a cancer patient?

only if absolutly neccesary due to prior excessive exposure

6

When are xrays justified?

only when the value of info is greater than the harm caused by radiation

7

what are the 8 steps of a radiograph?

1.identify view
2.film quality
3.periosteum
4.cortex
5. medullary region
6. epiphyseal growth plates
7. articulations/joint space
8. conclusions

8

If you take an A--->P xray where are you viewing it from?

P---->A

9

What sizes are available for xrays?

1. 17 x 14
2. 8x 10
3. 14 x 56 (gonstead)
4. 12 x 10

10

What is a mitchell marker?

Lead letters containing a mercury bubble to indicate orientation of the cassette when the x-ray is taken
Lead letters containing a mercury bubble to indicate orientation of the cassette when the x-ray is taken

11

Why would an oblique xray be taken?

to access IVFs

12

What is required to be put on an xray for documentation?

1. name/address of radiologist
2. patients name/age/patient #

13

A-P open mouth is used to see what process?

dens

14

What is the shadow of the periosteum used for?

diagnosis of pathology

15

What does film density refer to?

Radiographic density (AKA optical, photographic, or film density) is a measure of the degree of film darkening.

16

When is low density used?

to view soft tissue

17

What is long scale contrast?

an increased number of gradations of gray between the blacks and whites on a radiograph (low contrast)

18

What is short scale contrast?

a minimum number of gradations of gray between the blacks and whites on a radiograph (high contrast)

19

The doctor must have a good _________ ___________ without being able to see xray.

mental image

20

What angles of projection does chiropractic use?

A---P
Base-posterior
Oblique
Lateral cervical
A----P Lumbo-Pelvic
Full spine
A---P thoracic
Lateral Thoracic
Lateral Lumbo-Pelvic

21

Epiphyseal growth plates close when on a male?

17-20

22

Epiphyseal growth plates close when on a female?

15-18