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Flashcards in 00 Antibiotics Deck (82):
1

What is the generic name of Amoxil?

Amoxicillin (Aminopenicillin)

2

What is the generic name of Augmentin?

Amoxicillin + Clavulanate (Aminopenicillin)

3

What is the generic name of Amoclan?

Amoxicillin + Clavulanate (Aminopenicilln)

4

What is the generic name of Unasyn?

Ampicillin + Sulbactam (Aminopenicillin)

5

What is the generic name of Pen VK?

Penicillin (Natural penicillin)

6

What is the generic name of Bicillin L-A?

Penicillin G Benzathine (Natural penicillin)

7

What is the generic name of Zosyn?

Piperacillin + Tazobactam (Ureidopenicillin)

8

What class of medication is Nafcillin?

Penicillin

9

What class of medication is Gentamicin?

Aminoglycoside

10

What class of medication is Tobramycin?

Aminoglycoside

11

What class of medication is Amikacin?

Aminoglycoside

12

What is the generic name of Kefzol?

Cefazolin (1st gen ceph)

13

What is the generic name of Keflex?

Cephalexin (1st gen ceph)

14

What is the generic name of Ceftin?

Cefuroxime (2nd gen ceph)

15

What is the generic name of Zinacef?

Cefuroxime (2nd gen ceph)

16

What class of medication is Cefotetan?

2nd gen ceph

17

What class of medication is Cefoxitin?

2nd gen ceph

18

What is the generic name of Fortaz?

Ceftazidime (3rd gen ceph)

19

What is the generic name of Tazicef?

Ceftazidime (3rd gen ceph)

20

What is the generic name of Rocephin?

Ceftriaxone (3rd gen ceph0

21

What class of medication if Cefdinir?

3rd gen ceph

22

What is the generic name of Maxipime?

Cefepime (4th gen ceph)

23

What is the generic name of Teflaro?

Ceftaroline (5th gen ceph)

24

What is the generic name of Primaxin?

Imipenem/Cilastatin (Carbapenem)

25

What is the generic name of Merrem?

Meropenem (Carbapenem)

26

What is the generic name of Invanz?

Ertapenem (Carbapenem)

27

What is the generic name of Doribax?

Doripenem (Carbapenem)

28

What class of medication is Ofloxacin?

FQ

29

What is the generic name of Cipro?

Ciprofloxacin (FQ)

30

What is the generic name of Levaquin?

Levofloxacin (FQ)

31

What is the generic name of Avelox?

Moxifloxacin (FQ)

32

What is the generic name of Zithromax or Z-pak?

Azithromycin (Macrolide)

33

What is the generic name of Biaxin?

Clarithromycin (Macrolide)

34

What is the generic name of Ery-tab, EryPed?

Erythromycin (Macrolide)

35

What class of medication is Doxycycline?

Tetracycline

36

What class of medication is Minocycline?

Tetracycline

37

What is the generic name of Septra?

SMX/TMP (Sulfonamide)

38

What is the generic name of Sulfatrim?

SMX/TMP (Sulfonamide)0

39

What is the generic name of Vancocin?

Vancomycin

40

What is the generic name of Zyvox?

Linezolid

41

What is the generic name of Synercid?

Quinupristin/Dalfopristin

42

What is the generic name of Cubicin?

Daptomycin

43

What is the generic name of Azactam?

Aztreonam

44

What is the generic name of Colistin?

Colistamethate

45

What is the generic name of Tygacil?

Tigecycline

46

What is the generic name of Cleocin?

Clindamycin

47

What is the generic name of Flagyl?

Metronidazole

48

What is the generic name of Xifaxan?

Rifaximin

49

What is the generic name of Macrobid?

Nitrofurantoin

50

What is the generic name of Furadantin?

Nitrofurantoin

51

What is the generic name of Macrodantin?

Nitrofurantoin

52

What is the generic name of Dificid?

Fidaxomicin

53

What is the first agent used for skin and skin structure infections caused by CA-MRSA?

SMX-TMP (Bactrim DS) 1-2 DS tabs Q12h

54

What is the first agent used to treat Nosocomial-Associated MRSA?

Vancomycin

55

What is the first agent used to treat VRE faecalis?

Pen G or Ampicillin

56

What is the first agent used to treat VRE faecium?

Daptomycin

57

What is the first agent used to treat Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase producuding Enteric Gram-negative Rods (PEK)

Carbapenems

58

What is the first agent used to treat Acinetobacter baumannii?

Carbapenems

59

What are the more hepatotoxic antibiotics?

Rifampin. Macrolides (not as bad)

60

What are the most nephrotoxic antibiotics?

Aminoglycosides. Colistin

61

Which antibiotics can cause QT prolongation?

Macrolides. Quinolones. SMX/TMP

62

In general, what are the drugs of choice for most procedures?

1st or 2nd gen cephs (cefazolin/cefuroxime). In PCN-allergic patients, a suitable alternative is vancomycin (given 2 hours prior to surgical incision)

63

What is usually given for surgeries that involve parts of the bowel or put patients at risk of an anaerobic infection?

Commonly use antibiotics with broader coverage such as Cefotetan, Ertapenem, or Ceftriaxone with Metronidazole

64

What are the side effects associated with Aminoglycosides?

Nephrotoxicity (acute tubular necrosis - ATN), Hearing loss (early toxicity associated with high pitched sounds)

65

What are the BBWs associated with Aminoglycosides?

Neurotoxicity (hearing loss), Nephrotoxicity

66

What class side effect of Carbapenems should you keep an eye out for?

Seizures

67

What is the BBW associated with Fluoroquinolones?

Tendon inflammation and/or rupture

68

What are the warnings associated with Fluoroquinolones?

QT prolongation. Peripheral neuropathy. CNS effects (seizures may occur). Hypoglycemia. Photosensitivity

69

What are the common side effects seen with Fluoroquinolones?

GI upset/diarrhea

70

What are the warnings associated with Macrolides?

QT prolongation. Hepatotoxicity

71

Whats a common side effect seen with Tetracyclines?

Photosensitivity

72

Whats important to remember about Doxycycline IV?

IV to PO ratio is 1:1. IV should be protected from light

73

What are the side effects commonly seen with sulfonamide drugs (Bactrim)?

GI upset, skin reactions, crystalluria, photosensitivity, hyperkalemia, hypoglycemia

74

Whats important to know about the IV and PO ratio of Bactrim?

1:1 ratio

75

What side effects are commonly seen with Vancomycin?

Infusion reaction/red man syndrome. Nephrotoxicity

76

When is Zyvox (Linezolid) contraindicated?

Concurrent use or within 2 weeks of MAOIs

77

What side effects are commonly seen with Synercid (Quinupristin/Dalfopristin)?

Arthralgias/myalgias, infusion reactions, including edema and pain at infusion site, phlebitis, hyperbilirubinemia

78

What are the BBWs with Vibativ (Telavancin)?

Nephrotoxicity. Warning: Prolongs QT interval, red man syndrome

79

What is a BBW with Tygacil (Tigecycline)?

Increased risk of death, should only be used in situations when alternative treatments are not suitable

80

What is a BBW with Cleocin (Clindamycin)?

Can cause severe and possibly fatal colitis

81

What is a contraindication for Flagyl (Metronidazole) use?

Use of alcohol during therapy or within 3 days of therapy discontinuation

82

What are some common antibiotics that require refrigeration?

Amox/Clav (Augmentin), Cefprozil, Cefuroxime (Ceftin), Cephalexin (Keflex), Pen VK